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Ecclesiastes 8:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I [counsel thee], Keep the king's command, and that in regard of the oath of God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I [counsel thee] to keep the king's commandment, and [that] in regard of the oath of God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I say, “Keep the command of the king because of the oath before God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I [counsel thee] to keep the king's commandment, and [that] in regard of the oath of God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I [say], Keep the king's commandment, and [that] on account of the oath of God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I [said], The bidding of the king, observe thou, even out of regard to the oath of God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I pray thee, the commandment of a king keep, even for the sake of the oath of God.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I observe the mouth of the king, and the commandments of the oath of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I [counsell thee], to keepe the kings commandement, and that in regard of the oath of God.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Observe the commandment of the king, and [that] because of the word of the oath of God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I [counsel thee] to keep the king's commandment, and [that] in regard of the oath of Elohim.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
[counsel thee] to keep 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
the king's 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
commandment, 6310
{6310} Prime
פֶּה
peh
{peh}
From H6284; the mouth (as the means of blowing), whether literally or figuratively (particularly speech); specifically edge, portion or side; adverbially (with preposition) according to.
and [that] in regard 1700
{1700} Prime
דִּבְרָה
dibrah
{dib-raw'}
Feminine of H1697; a reason, suit or style.
x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
of the oath 7621
{7621} Prime
שְׁבוּעָה
sh@buw`ah
{sheb-oo-aw'}
Feminine passive participle of H7650; properly something sworn, that is, an oath.
of lhm אֱלֹהִים. 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 8:2

_ _ the king’s — Jehovah, peculiarly the king of Israel in the theocracy; Ecclesiastes 8:3, Ecclesiastes 8:4, prove it is not the earthly king who is meant.

_ _ the oath of God — the covenant which God made with Abraham and renewed with David; Solomon remembered Psalms 89:35, “I have sworn,” etc. (Psalms 89:36), and the penalties if David’s children should forsake it (Psalms 89:30-32); inflicted on Solomon himself; yet God not “utterly” forsaking him (Psalms 89:33, Psalms 89:34).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 8:1-5.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 8:2

The oath — Because of that oath which thou hast taken to keep all God's laws, whereof this of obedience to superiors is one.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 8:2

I [counsel thee] to keep the king's (c) commandment, and [that] in regard of the oath of God.

(c) That is, that you obey the king and keep the oath that you have made for the same cause.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I counsel:

Proverbs 24:21 My son, fear thou the LORD and the king: [and] meddle not with them that are given to change:
Romans 13:1-4 Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. ... For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to [execute] wrath upon him that doeth evil.
Titus 3:1 Put them in mind to be subject to principalities and powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,
1 Peter 2:13-17 Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme; ... Honour all [men]. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honour the king.

in regard:

1 Kings 2:43 Why then hast thou not kept the oath of the LORD, and the commandment that I have charged thee with?
1 Chronicles 29:24 And all the princes, and the mighty men, and all the sons likewise of king David, submitted themselves unto Solomon the king.
Ezekiel 17:13-20 And hath taken of the king's seed, and made a covenant with him, and hath taken an oath of him: he hath also taken the mighty of the land: ... And I will spread my net upon him, and he shall be taken in my snare, and I will bring him to Babylon, and will plead with him there for his trespass that he hath trespassed against me.
Romans 13:5 Wherefore [ye] must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 2:43. 1Ch 29:24. Pv 24:21. Ezk 17:13. Ro 13:1, 5. Tit 3:1. 1P 2:13.

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