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Ecclesiastes 7:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For wisdom is a defence, even as money is a defence; but the excellency of knowledge is, that wisdom preserveth the life of him that hath it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For wisdom [is] a defence, [and] money [is] a defence: but the excellency of knowledge [is, that] wisdom giveth life to them that have it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For wisdom is protection [just as] money is protection, But the advantage of knowledge is that wisdom preserves the lives of its possessors.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For wisdom [is] a defense, [and] money [is] a defense: but the excellence of knowledge [is], [that] wisdom giveth life to them that have it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For wisdom is a defence [as] money is a defence; but the excellency of knowledge is, [that] wisdom maketh them that possess it to live.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, a protection, is wisdom, and, a protection, is silver,—but, the advantage of knowledge, is, that, wisdom, giveth life to the possessors thereof.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For wisdom [is] a defense, money [is] a defence, And the advantage of the knowledge of wisdom [is], She reviveth her possessors.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For as wisdom is a defence, so money is a defence: but learning and wisdom excel in this, that they give life to him that possesseth them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For wisedome [is] a defence, [and] money [is] a defence: but the excellencie of knowledge [is], that wisedome giueth life to them that haue it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For wisdom in its shadow is as the shadow of silver: and the excellence of the knowledge of wisdom will give life to him that has it.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For wisdom [is] a defence, [and] money [is] a defence: but the excellency of knowledge [is, that] wisdom giveth life to them that have it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
wisdom 2451
{2451} Prime
From H2449; wisdom (in a good sense).
[is] a defence, 6738
{6738} Prime
From H6751; shade, whether literally or figuratively.
[and] money 3701
{3701} Prime
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
[is] a defence: 6738
{6738} Prime
From H6751; shade, whether literally or figuratively.
but the excellency 3504
{3504} Prime
From H3498; preeminence, gain.
of knowledge 1847
{1847} Prime
From H3045; knowledge.
[is, that] wisdom 2451
{2451} Prime
From H2449; wisdom (in a good sense).
giveth life 2421
{2421} Prime
A prim root (compare H2331, H2424); to live, whether literally or figuratively; causatively to revive.
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
to them that have 1167
{1167} Prime
From H1166; a master; hence a husband, or (figuratively) owner (often used with another noun in modifications of this latter sense.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 7:12

_ _ Literally, (To be) in (that is, under) the shadow (Isaiah 30:2) of wisdom (is the same as to be) in (under) the shadow of money; wisdom no less shields one from the ills of life than money does.

_ _ is, that — rather, “the excellency of the knowledge of wisdom giveth life,” that is, life in the highest sense, here and hereafter (Proverbs 3:18; John 17:3; 2 Peter 1:3). Wisdom (religion) cannot be lost as money can. It shields one in adversity, as well as prosperity; money, only in prosperity. The question in Ecclesiastes 7:10 implies a want of it.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 7:11-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 7:12

Life — But herein knowledge of wisdom excels riches, that whereas riches frequently expose men to destruction, true wisdom doth often preserve a man from temporal, and always from eternal ruin.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Job 1:10 Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land.
Job 22:21-25 Acquaint now thyself with him, and be at peace: thereby good shall come unto thee. ... Yea, the Almighty shall be thy defence, and thou shalt have plenty of silver.
Proverbs 2:7 He layeth up sound wisdom for the righteous: [he is] a buckler to them that walk uprightly.
Proverbs 2:11 Discretion shall preserve thee, understanding shall keep thee:
Proverbs 14:20 The poor is hated even of his own neighbour: but the rich [hath] many friends.
Proverbs 18:10-11 The name of the LORD [is] a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe. ... The rich man's wealth [is] his strong city, and as an high wall in his own conceit.
Isaiah 33:6 And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times, [and] strength of salvation: the fear of the LORD [is] his treasure.

a defence:
Heb. a shadow,
Judges 9:15 And the bramble said unto the trees, If in truth ye anoint me king over you, [then] come [and] put your trust in my shadow: and if not, let fire come out of the bramble, and devour the cedars of Lebanon.
Psalms 57:1 [[To the chief Musician, Altaschith, Michtam of David, when he fled from Saul in the cave.]] Be merciful unto me, O God, be merciful unto me: for my soul trusteth in thee: yea, in the shadow of thy wings will I make my refuge, until [these] calamities be overpast.
Isaiah 30:2 That walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at my mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to trust in the shadow of Egypt!
Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.

the excellency:

Deuteronomy 30:19-20 I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, [that] I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing: therefore choose life, that both thou and thy seed may live: ... That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, [and] that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he [is] thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.
Deuteronomy 32:47 For it [is] not a vain thing for you; because it [is] your life: and through this thing ye shall prolong [your] days in the land, whither ye go over Jordan to possess it.
Proverbs 3:18 She [is] a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her: and happy [is every one] that retaineth her.
Proverbs 8:35 For whoso findeth me findeth life, and shall obtain favour of the LORD.
Proverbs 9:11 For by me thy days shall be multiplied, and the years of thy life shall be increased.
Proverbs 11:4 Riches profit not in the day of wrath: but righteousness delivereth from death.
John 12:50 And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.
John 17:3 And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent.
Philippians 3:8 Yea doubtless, and I count all things [but] loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them [but] dung, that I may win Christ,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 30:19; 32:47. Jg 9:15. Jb 1:10; 22:21. Ps 57:1. Pv 2:7, 11; 3:18; 8:35; 9:11; 11:4; 14:20; 18:10. Is 30:2; 32:2; 33:6. Jn 12:50; 17:3. Php 3:8.

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