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Ecclesiastes 5:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— All his days also he eateth in darkness, and he is sore vexed, and hath sickness and wrath.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— All his days also he eateth in darkness, and [he hath] much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Throughout his life [he] also eats in darkness with great vexation, sickness and anger.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— All his days also he eateth in darkness, and [he hath] much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— All his days also he eateth in darkness, and hath much vexation, and sickness, and irritation.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Even all his days, [are spent] in darkness and mourning,—and he is very morose, and is sad and angry.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Also all his days in darkness he consumeth, and sadness, and wrath, and sickness abound.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— All the days of his life he eateth in darkness, and in many cares, and in misery, and sorrow.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— All his dayes also hee eateth in darkenesse, and he hath much sorrowe, and wrath with his sicknesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Yea, all his days are in darkness, and in mourning, and much sorrow, and infirmity, and wrath.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— All his days also he eateth in darkness, and [he hath] much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
All x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
his days 3117
{3117} Prime
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
also x1571
(1571) Complement
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
he eateth 398
{0398} Prime
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in darkness, 2822
{2822} Prime
From H2821; the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness.
and [he hath] much 7235
{7235} Prime
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
sorrow 3707
{3707} Prime
A primitive root; to trouble; by implication to grieve, rage, be indignant.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and wrath 7110
{7110} Prime
From H7107; a splinter (as chipped off); figuratively rage or strife.
with his sickness. 2483
{2483} Prime
From H2470; malady, anxiety, calamity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 5:17

_ _ eateth — appropriately put for “liveth” in general, as connected with Ecclesiastes 5:11, Ecclesiastes 5:12, Ecclesiastes 5:18.

_ _ darkness — opposed to “light (joy) of countenance” (Ecclesiastes 8:1; Proverbs 16:15).

_ _ wrath — fretfulness, literally, “His sorrow is much, and his infirmity (of body) and wrath.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 5:9-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 5:17

He eateth — He hath no comfort in his estate, but even when he eats, he doth it with anxiety and discontent. And wrath — When he falls sick, and presages his death, he is filled with rage, because he is cut off before he hath accomplished his designs, and because he must leave that wealth and world in which all his hopes and happiness lie.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 5:17

All his days also he eateth in (n) darkness, and [he hath] much sorrow and wrath with his sickness.

(n) In affliction and grief of mind.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he eateth:

Genesis 3:17 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed [is] the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat [of] it all the days of thy life;
1 Kings 17:12 And she said, [As] the LORD thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse: and, behold, I [am] gathering two sticks, that I may go in and dress it for me and my son, that we may eat it, and die.
Job 21:25 And another dieth in the bitterness of his soul, and never eateth with pleasure.
Psalms 78:33 Therefore their days did he consume in vanity, and their years in trouble.
Psalms 102:9 For I have eaten ashes like bread, and mingled my drink with weeping,
Psalms 127:2 [It is] vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows: [for] so he giveth his beloved sleep.
Ezekiel 4:16-17 Moreover he said unto me, Son of man, behold, I will break the staff of bread in Jerusalem: and they shall eat bread by weight, and with care; and they shall drink water by measure, and with astonishment: ... That they may want bread and water, and be astonied one with another, and consume away for their iniquity.


2 Kings 1:2 And Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that [was] in Samaria, and was sick: and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron whether I shall recover of this disease.
2 Kings 1:6 And they said unto him, There came a man up to meet us, and said unto us, Go, turn again unto the king that sent you, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD, [Is it] not because [there is] not a God in Israel, [that] thou sendest to enquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron? therefore thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou art gone up, but shalt surely die.
2 Kings 5:27 The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto thee, and unto thy seed for ever. And he went out from his presence a leper [as white] as snow.
2 Chronicles 16:10-12 Then Asa was wroth with the seer, and put him in a prison house; for [he was] in a rage with him because of this [thing]. And Asa oppressed [some] of the people the same time. ... And Asa in the thirty and ninth year of his reign was diseased in his feet, until his disease [was] exceeding [great]: yet in his disease he sought not to the LORD, but to the physicians.
2 Chronicles 24:24-25 For the army of the Syrians came with a small company of men, and the LORD delivered a very great host into their hand, because they had forsaken the LORD God of their fathers. So they executed judgment against Joash. ... And when they were departed from him, (for they left him in great diseases,) his own servants conspired against him for the blood of the sons of Jehoiada the priest, and slew him on his bed, and he died: and they buried him in the city of David, but they buried him not in the sepulchres of the kings.
Psalms 90:7-11 For we are consumed by thine anger, and by thy wrath are we troubled. ... Who knoweth the power of thine anger? even according to thy fear, [so is] thy wrath.
Proverbs 1:27-29 When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you. ... For that they hated knowledge, and did not choose the fear of the LORD:
Acts 12:23 And immediately the angel of the Lord smote him, because he gave not God the glory: and he was eaten of worms, and gave up the ghost.
1 Corinthians 11:30-32 For this cause many [are] weak and sickly among you, and many sleep. ... But when we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord, that we should not be condemned with the world.
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Gn 3:17. 1K 17:12. 2K 1:2, 6; 5:27. 2Ch 16:10; 24:24. Jb 21:25. Ps 78:33; 90:7; 102:9; 127:2. Pv 1:27. Ezk 4:16. Ac 12:23. 1Co 11:30.

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