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Ecclesiastes 4:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For out of prison he came forth to be king; yea, even in his kingdom he was born poor.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For out of prison he cometh to reign; whereas also [he that is] born in his kingdom becometh poor.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For he has come out of prison to become king, even though he was born poor in his kingdom.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For out of prison he cometh to reign; whereas also [he that is] born in his kingdom becometh poor.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For out of the prison-house he came forth to reign, although he was born poor in his kingdom.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, out of prison, came he forth to reign, yea, even in his own kingdom, was he born poor.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For from a house of prisoners he hath come out to reign, for even in his own kingdom he hath been poor.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Because out of prison and chains sometimes a man cometh forth to a kingdom: and another born king is consumed with poverty.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For out of prison hee commeth to raigne, whereas also he that is borne in his kingdome, [becommeth] poore.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For he shall come forth out of the house of the prisoners to reign, because [he] also that was in his kingdom has become poor.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For out of prison he cometh to reign; whereas also [he that is] born in his kingdom becometh poor.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
out of prison 631
{0631} Prime
A primitive root; to yoke or hitch; by analogy to fasten in any sense, to join battle.
{1004} Prime
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
he cometh 3318
{3318} Prime
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to reign; 4427
{4427} Prime
A primitive root; to reign; inceptively to ascend the throne; causatively to induct into royalty; hence (by implication) to take counsel.
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
whereas x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
also x1571
(1571) Complement
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
[he that is] born 3205
{3205} Prime
A primitive root; to bear young; causatively to beget; medically to act as midwife; specifically to show lineage.
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
in his kingdom 4438
{4438} Prime
From H4427; a rule; concretely a dominion.
becometh poor. 7326
{7326} Prime
A primitive root; to be destitute.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 4:14

_ _ out of prison — Solomon uses this phrase of a supposed case; for example, Joseph raised from a dungeon to be lord of Egypt. His words are at the same time so framed by the Holy Ghost that they answer virtually to Jeroboam, who fled to escape a “prison” and death from Solomon, to Shishak of Egypt (1 Kings 11:40). This unconscious presaging of his own doom, and that of Rehoboam, constitutes the irony. David’s elevation from poverty and exile, under Saul (which may have been before Solomon’s mind), had so far their counterpart in that of Jeroboam.

_ _ whereas ... becometh poor — rather, “though he (the youth) was born poor in his kingdom” (in the land where afterwards he was to reign).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 4:13-16.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 4:14

For he — The poor and wise child is often advanced to the highest dignity. Whereas — That old king is deprived of his kingdom.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 4:14

For out of (h) prison he cometh to reign; though also [he that is] (i) born in his kingdom becometh poor.

(h) That is, from a poor and base estate or out of trouble and prison as Joseph did, (Genesis 41:14).

(i) Meaning, that is born a king.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
For out:
This is probably an allusion to some fact with which we are unacquainted. History furnishes many instances of mean persons raised to sovereign authority, and of kings being reduced to the meanest offices, and to a morsel. Agrippa mounted the throne of Israel after having been long in prison; and similar instances are not wanting in modern times.
Genesis 41:14 Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon: and he shaved [himself], and changed his raiment, and came in unto Pharaoh.
Genesis 41:33-44 Now therefore let Pharaoh look out a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt. ... And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I [am] Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.
Job 5:11 To set up on high those that be low; that those which mourn may be exalted to safety.
Psalms 113:7-8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, [and] lifteth the needy out of the dunghill; ... That he may set [him] with princes, [even] with the princes of his people.


1 Kings 14:26-27 And he took away the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house; he even took away all: and he took away all the shields of gold which Solomon had made. ... And king Rehoboam made in their stead brasen shields, and committed [them] unto the hands of the chief of the guard, which kept the door of the king's house.
2 Kings 23:31-34 Jehoahaz [was] twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. ... And Pharaohnechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there.
2 Kings 24:1-2 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years: then he turned and rebelled against him. ... And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servants the prophets.
2 Kings 24:6 So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.
2 Kings 24:12 And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.
2 Kings 25:7 And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound him with fetters of brass, and carried him to Babylon.
2 Kings 25:27-30 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the seven and twentieth [day] of the month, [that] Evilmerodach king of Babylon in the year that he began to reign did lift up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of prison; ... And his allowance [was] a continual allowance given him of the king, a daily rate for every day, all the days of his life.
Lamentations 4:20 The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the LORD, was taken in their pits, of whom we said, Under his shadow we shall live among the heathen.
Daniel 4:31 While the word [was] in the king's mouth, there fell a voice from heaven, [saying], O king Nebuchadnezzar, to thee it is spoken; The kingdom is departed from thee.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 41:14, 33. 1K 14:26. 2K 23:31; 24:1, 6, 12; 25:7, 27. Jb 5:11. Ps 113:7. Lm 4:20. Dn 4:31.

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