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Ecclesiastes 3:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— a time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A time to weep and a time to laugh; A time to mourn and a time to dance.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A time to weep, and a time to laugh; A time to mourn, and a time to dance;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A time to weep, and a time to laugh,—A time to wail, and a time to dance for joy;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A time to weep, And a time to laugh. A time to mourn, And a time to skip.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A time to weep, and a time to laugh. A time to mourn, and a time to dance.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A time to weepe, and a time to laugh: a time to mourne, and a time to dance.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— a time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to lament, and a time to dance;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A time to weep, and a time to laugh; a time to mourn, and a time to dance;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A time 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
to weep, 1058
{1058} Prime
בָּכָה
bakah
{baw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to weep; generally to bemoan.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and a time 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
to laugh; 7832
{7832} Prime
שָׂחַק
sachaq
{saw-khak'}
A primitive root; to laugh (in pleasure or detraction); by implication to play.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
a time 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
to mourn, 5594
{5594} Prime
סָפַד
caphad
{saw-fad'}
A primitive root; properly to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication to wail.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and a time 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
to dance; 7540
{7540} Prime
רָקַד
raqad
{raw-kad'}
A primitive root; properly to stamp, that is, to spring about (wildly or for joy).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 3:4

_ _ mourn — namely, for the dead (Genesis 23:2).

_ _ dance — as David before the ark (2 Samuel 6:12-14; Psalms 30:11); spiritually (Matthew 9:15; Luke 6:21; Luke 15:25). The Pharisees, by requiring sadness out of time, erred seriously.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 3:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 3:4

To weep — When men have just occasion for weeping.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
time to weep:

Nehemiah 8:9-12 And Nehemiah, which [is] the Tirshatha, and Ezra the priest the scribe, and the Levites that taught the people, said unto all the people, This day [is] holy unto the LORD your God; mourn not, nor weep. For all the people wept, when they heard the words of the law. ... And all the people went their way to eat, and to drink, and to send portions, and to make great mirth, because they had understood the words that were declared unto them.
Nehemiah 9:1-38 Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth upon them. ... And because of all this we make a sure [covenant], and write [it]; and our princes, Levites, [and] priests, seal [unto it].
Psalms 30:5 For his anger [endureth but] a moment; in his favour [is] life: weeping may endure for a night, but joy [cometh] in the morning.
Psalms 126:1-2 [[A Song of degrees.]] When the LORD turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream. ... Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing: then said they among the heathen, The LORD hath done great things for them.
Psalms 126:5-6 They that sow in tears shall reap in joy. ... He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves [with him].
Isaiah 22:12-13 And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth: ... And behold joy and gladness, slaying oxen, and killing sheep, eating flesh, and drinking wine: let us eat and drink; for to morrow we shall die.
Matthew 9:15 And Jesus said unto them, Can the children of the bridechamber mourn, as long as the bridegroom is with them? but the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken from them, and then shall they fast.
Matthew 11:17 And saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned unto you, and ye have not lamented.
John 16:20-22 Verily, verily, I say unto you, That ye shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice: and ye shall be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned into joy. ... And ye now therefore have sorrow: but I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh from you.
Romans 12:15 Rejoice with them that do rejoice, and weep with them that weep.
2 Corinthians 7:10 For godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world worketh death.
James 4:9 Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and [your] joy to heaviness.

a time to laugh:

Genesis 21:6 And Sarah said, God hath made me to laugh, [so that] all that hear will laugh with me.
Luke 1:13-14 But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John. ... And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth.
Luke 1:58 And her neighbours and her cousins heard how the Lord had shewed great mercy upon her; and they rejoiced with her.
Luke 6:21-25 Blessed [are ye] that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed [are ye] that weep now: for ye shall laugh. ... Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.

to dance:

Exodus 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.
2 Samuel 6:16 And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 21:6. Ex 15:20. 2S 6:16. Ne 8:9; 9:1. Ps 30:5; 126:1, 5. Is 22:12. Mt 9:15; 11:17. Lk 1:13, 58; 6:21. Jn 16:20. Ro 12:15. 2Co 7:10. Jm 4:9.

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