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Ecclesiastes 3:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— a time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— A time to kill and a time to heal; A time to tear down and a time to build up.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A time to kill, and a time to heal; A time to break down, and a time to build up;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A time to kill, and a time to heal,—A time to break down, and a time to build up;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A time to slay, And a time to heal, A time to break down, And a time to build up.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A time to kill, and a time to heal. A time to destroy, and a time to build.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A time to kill, and a time to heale: a time to breake downe, and a time to build vp.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— a time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to pull down, and a time to build up;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A time to kill, and a time to heal; a time to break down, and a time to build up;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A time 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
to kill, 2026
{2026} Prime
הָרַג
harag
{haw-rag'}
A primitive root; to smite with deadly intent.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and a time 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
to heal; 7495
{7495} Prime
רָפָא
rapha'
{raw-faw'}
A primitive root; properly to mend (by stitching), that is, (figuratively) to cure.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
a time 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
to break down, 6555
{6555} Prime
פָּרַץ
parats
{paw-rats'}
A primitive root; to break out (in many applications, direct and indirect, literally and figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
and a time 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
to build up; 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 3:3

_ _ time to kill — namely, judicially, criminals; or, in wars of self-defense; not in malice. Out of this time and order, killing is murder.

_ _ to heal — God has His times for “healing” (literally, Isaiah 38:5, Isaiah 38:21; figuratively, Deuteronomy 32:39; Hosea 6:1; spiritually, Psalms 147:3; Isaiah 57:19). To heal spiritually, before the sinner feels his wound, would be “out of time,” and so injurious.

_ _ time to break down — cities, as Jerusalem, by Nebuchadnezzar.

_ _ build up — as Jerusalem, in the time of Zerubbabel; spiritually (Amos 9:11), “the set time” (Psalms 102:13-16).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 3:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 3:3

To kill — When men die a violent death. To heal — When he who seemed to be mortally wounded is healed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
time to kill:

Deuteronomy 32:39 See now that I, [even] I, [am] he, and [there is] no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither [is there any] that can deliver out of my hand.
1 Samuel 2:6 The LORD killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.
1 Samuel 2:25 If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if a man sin against the LORD, who shall intreat for him? Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the LORD would slay them.
Hosea 6:1-2 Come, and let us return unto the LORD: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. ... After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.

a time to heal:

Numbers 26:6-9 Of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Carmi, the family of the Carmites. ... And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram. This [is that] Dathan and Abiram, [which were] famous in the congregation, who strove against Moses and against Aaron in the company of Korah, when they strove against the LORD:
Isaiah 38:5-20 Go, and say to Hezekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will add unto thy days fifteen years. ... The LORD [was ready] to save me: therefore we will sing my songs to the stringed instruments all the days of our life in the house of the LORD.
Jeremiah 33:6 Behold, I will bring it health and cure, and I will cure them, and will reveal unto them the abundance of peace and truth.
Luke 9:54-56 And when his disciples James and John saw [this], they said, Lord, wilt thou that we command fire to come down from heaven, and consume them, even as Elias did? ... For the Son of man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save [them]. And they went to another village.
Acts 5:15-16 Insomuch that they brought forth the sick into the streets, and laid [them] on beds and couches, that at the least the shadow of Peter passing by might overshadow some of them. ... There came also a multitude [out] of the cities round about unto Jerusalem, bringing sick folks, and them which were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed every one.

a time to break:

Isaiah 5:5-6 And now go to; I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be eaten up; [and] break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down: ... And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned, nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.
Isaiah 44:26 That confirmeth the word of his servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers; that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the decayed places thereof:
Jeremiah 31:28 And it shall come to pass, [that] like as I have watched over them, to pluck up, and to break down, and to throw down, and to destroy, and to afflict; so will I watch over them, to build, and to plant, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 45:4 Thus shalt thou say unto him, The LORD saith thus; Behold, [that] which I have built will I break down, and that which I have planted I will pluck up, even this whole land.
Ezekiel 13:14 So will I break down the wall that ye have daubed with untempered [morter], and bring it down to the ground, so that the foundation thereof shall be discovered, and it shall fall, and ye shall be consumed in the midst thereof: and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD.
Daniel 9:25-27 Know therefore and understand, [that] from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince [shall be] seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. ... And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Zechariah 1:12 Then the angel of the LORD answered and said, O LORD of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had indignation these threescore and ten years?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 26:6. Dt 32:39. 1S 2:6, 25. Is 5:5; 38:5; 44:26. Jr 31:28; 33:6; 45:4. Ezk 13:14. Dn 9:25. Ho 6:1. Zc 1:12. Lk 9:54. Ac 5:15.

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