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Ecclesiastes 3:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; and man hath no preeminence above the beasts: for all is vanity.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no preeminence above a beast: for all [is] vanity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the fate of the sons of men and the fate of beasts is the same. As one dies so dies the other; indeed, they all have the same breath and there is no advantage for man over beast, for all is vanity.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yes, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no pre-eminence above a beast: for all [is] vanity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For what befalleth the children of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other, and they have all one breath; and man hath no pre-eminence above the beast: for all is vanity.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, as regardeth the destiny of the sons of men and the destiny of beasts, one fate, have they, as dieth the one, so, dieth the other, and, one spirit, have they all,—and, the pre-eminence of man over beast, is nothing, for, all, were vanity:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For an event [is to] the sons of man, and an event [is to] the beasts, even one event [is] to them; as the death of this, so [is] the death of that; and one spirit [is] to all, and the advantage of man above the beast is nothing, for the whole [is] vanity.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Therefore the death of man, and of beasts is one, and the condition of them both is equal: as man dieth, so they also die: all things breathe alike, and man hath nothing more than beast: all things are subject to vanity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For that which befalleth the sonnes of men, befalleth beastes, euen one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea they haue all one breath, so that a man hath no preheminence aboue a beast; for all is vanitie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Also to them is the event of the sons of man, and the event of the brute; one event befalls them: as is the death of the one, so also the death of the other; and there is one breath to all: and what has the man more than the brute? nothing; for all is vanity.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no preeminence above a beast: for all [is] vanity.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
that which befalleth 4745
{4745} Prime
מִקְרֶה
miqreh
{mik-reh'}
From H7136; something met with, that is, an accident or fortune.
the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of men 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
befalleth 4745
{4745} Prime
מִקְרֶה
miqreh
{mik-reh'}
From H7136; something met with, that is, an accident or fortune.
beasts; 929
{0929} Prime
בְּהֵמָה
b@hemah
{be-hay-maw'}
From an unused root (probably meaning to be mute); properly a dumb beast; especially any large quadruped or animal (often collectively).
even one thing 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
befalleth 4745
{4745} Prime
מִקְרֶה
miqreh
{mik-reh'}
From H7136; something met with, that is, an accident or fortune.
them: as the one x2088
(2088) Complement
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
dieth, 4194
{4194} Prime
מָוֶת
maveth
{maw'-veth}
From H4191; death (natural or violent); concretely the dead, their place or state (hades); figuratively pestilence, ruin.
so x3651
(3651) Complement
כֵּן
ken
{kane}
From H3559; properly set upright; hence (figuratively as adjective) just; but usually (as adverb or conjugation) rightly or so (in various applications to manner, time and relation; often with other particles).
dieth 4194
{4194} Prime
מָוֶת
maveth
{maw'-veth}
From H4191; death (natural or violent); concretely the dead, their place or state (hades); figuratively pestilence, ruin.
the other; 2088
{2088} Prime
זֶה
zeh
{zeh}
A primitive word; the masculine demonstrative pronoun, this or that.
yea, they have all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
one 259
{0259} Prime
אֶחָד
'echad
{ekh-awd'}
A numeral from H0258; properly united, that is, one; or (as an ordinal) first.
breath; 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
so that a man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
hath no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
preeminence 4195
{4195} Prime
מוֹתָר
mowthar
{mo-thar'}
From H3498; literally gain; figuratively superiority.
above x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
a beast: 929
{0929} Prime
בְּהֵמָה
b@hemah
{be-hay-maw'}
From an unused root (probably meaning to be mute); properly a dumb beast; especially any large quadruped or animal (often collectively).
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
[is] vanity. 1892
{1892} Prime
הֶבֶל
hebel
{heh'-bel}
From H1891; emptiness or vanity; figuratively something transitory and unsatisfactory; often used as an adverb.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 3:19

_ _ Literally, “For the sons of men (Adam) are a mere chance, as also the beast is a mere chance.” These words can only be the sentiments of the skeptical oppressors. God’s delay in judgment gives scope for the “manifestation” of their infidelity (Ecclesiastes 8:11; Psalms 55:19; 2 Peter 3:3, 2 Peter 3:4). They are “brute beasts,” morally (Ecclesiastes 3:18; Jude 1:10); and they end by maintaining that man, physically, has no pre-eminence over the beast, both alike being “fortuities.” Probably this was the language of Solomon himself in his apostasy. He answers it in Ecclesiastes 3:21. If Ecclesiastes 3:19, Ecclesiastes 3:20 be his words, they express only that as regards liability to death, excluding the future judgment, as the skeptic oppressors do, man is on a level with the beast. Life is “vanity,” if regarded independently of religion. But Ecclesiastes 3:21 points out the vast difference between them in respect to the future destiny; also (Ecclesiastes 3:17) beasts have no “judgment” to come.

_ _ breath — vitality.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 3:16-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 3:19

For — They are subject to the same diseases, pains, and calamities. So dieth — As certainly, and no less, painfully. One breath — One breath of life, which is in their nostrils by which the beasts perform the same animal operations. No pre — eminence — In respect of the present life.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 3:19

For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing (i) befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no preeminence above a beast: for all [is] vanity.

(i) Man is not able by his reason and judgment to put differences between man and beast, as concerning those things to which both are subject: for the eye cannot judge any otherwise of a man being dead than of a beast, which is dead: yet by the word of God and faith we easily know the diversity as in (Ecclesiastes 3:21).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that which:

Ecclesiastes 2:16 For [there is] no remembrance of the wise more than of the fool for ever; seeing that which now [is] in the days to come shall all be forgotten. And how dieth the wise [man]? as the fool.
Psalms 49:12 Nevertheless man [being] in honour abideth not: he is like the beasts [that] perish.
Psalms 49:20 Man [that is] in honour, and understandeth not, is like the beasts [that] perish.
Psalms 92:6-7 A brutish man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this. ... When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish; [it is] that they shall be destroyed for ever:

as the:

2 Samuel 14:14 For we must needs die, and [are] as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither doth God respect [any] person: yet doth he devise means, that his banished be not expelled from him.
Job 14:10-12 But man dieth, and wasteth away: yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where [is] he? ... So man lieth down, and riseth not: till the heavens [be] no more, they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep.
Psalms 104:29 Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

for:

Ecclesiastes 2:20-23 Therefore I went about to cause my heart to despair of all the labour which I took under the sun. ... For all his days [are] sorrows, and his travail grief; yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night. This is also vanity.
Psalms 39:5-6 Behold, thou hast made my days [as] an handbreadth; and mine age [is] as nothing before thee: verily every man at his best state [is] altogether vanity. Selah. ... Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.
Psalms 89:47-48 Remember how short my time is: wherefore hast thou made all men in vain? ... What man [is he that] liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 14:14. Jb 14:10. Ps 39:5; 49:12, 20; 89:47; 92:6; 104:29. Ec 2:16, 20.

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