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Ecclesiastes 2:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I gathered me also silver and gold, and the treasure of kings and of the provinces; I gat me men-singers and women-singers, and the delights of the sons of men, musical instruments, and that of all sorts.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I gathered me also silver and gold, and the peculiar treasure of kings and of the provinces: I gat me men singers and women singers, and the delights of the sons of men, [as] musical instruments, and that of all sorts.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Also, I collected for myself silver and gold and the treasure of kings and provinces. I provided for myself male and female singers and the pleasures of men—many concubines.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I gathered me also silver and gold, and the peculiar treasure of kings, and of the provinces: I procured me men-singers and women-singers, and the delights of the sons of men, [as] musical instruments, and of all sorts.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I gathered me also silver and gold, and the peculiar treasure of kings and of the provinces; I got me men-singers and women-singers, and the delights of the children of men, a wife and concubines.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I heaped me up, both silver and gold, and the peculiar treasure of kings, and provinces,—I provided me singing-men and singing-women, and the delights of the sons of men, a wife and wives.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I gathered for me also silver and gold, and the peculiar treasure of kings and of the provinces. I prepared for me men-singers and women-singers, and the luxuries of the sons of man—a wife and wives.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I heaped together for myself silver and gold, and the wealth of kings, and provinces: I made me singing men, and singing women, and the delights of the sons of men, cups and vessels to serve to pour out wine:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I gathered mee also siluer and gold, and the peculiar treasure of kings and of the prouinces: I gate mee men singers and women singers, and the delights of the sonnes of men, as musical instruments, and that of all sorts.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Moreover I collected for myself both silver and gold also, and the peculiar treasures of kings and provinces: I procured me singing men and singing women, and delights of the sons of men, a butler and female cupbearers.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I gathered me also silver and gold, and the peculiar treasure of kings and of the provinces: I gat me men singers and women singers, and the delights of the sons of men, [as] musical instruments, and that of all sorts.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I gathered 3664
{3664} Prime
כָּנַס
kanac
{kaw-nas'}
A primitive root; to collect; hence, to enfold.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
me also x1571
(1571) Complement
גַּם
gam
{gam}
By contraction from an unused root meaning to gather; properly assemblage; used only adverbially also, even, yea, though; often repeated as correlation both... and.
silver 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
and gold, 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
and the peculiar treasure 5459
{5459} Prime
סְגֻלָּה
c@gullah
{seg-ool-law'}
Feminine passive participle of an unused root meaning to shut up; wealth (as closely shut up).
of kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
and of the provinces: 4082
{4082} Prime
מְדִינָה
m@diynah
{med-ee-naw'}
From H1777; properly a judgeship, that is, jurisdiction; by implication a district (as ruled by a judge); generally a region.
I gat 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
me men singers 7891
{7891} Prime
שִׁיר
shiyr
{sheer}
The second form being the original form, used in (1 Samuel 18:6); a primitive root (rather identical with H7788 through the idea of strolling minstrelsy); to sing.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and women singers, 7891
{7891} Prime
שִׁיר
shiyr
{sheer}
The second form being the original form, used in (1 Samuel 18:6); a primitive root (rather identical with H7788 through the idea of strolling minstrelsy); to sing.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and the delights 8588
{8588} Prime
תַּעֲנוּג
ta`anuwg
{tah-an-oog'}
The third form being feminine; from H6026; luxury.
of the sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of men, 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
[as] musical instruments, 7705
{7705} Prime
שִׁדָּה
shiddah
{shid-dah'}
From H7703; a wife (as mistress of the house).
and that of all sorts.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 2:3-11.


Ecclesiastes 2:8

_ _ (1 Kings 10:27; 2 Chronicles 1:15; 2 Chronicles 9:20).

_ _ peculiar treasure of kings and ... provinces — contributed by them, as tributary to him (1 Kings 4:21, 1 Kings 4:24); a poor substitute for the wisdom whose “gain is better than fine gold” (Proverbs 3:14, Proverbs 3:15).

_ _ singers — so David (2 Samuel 19:35).

_ _ musical instruments ... of all sorts — introduced at banquets (Isaiah 5:12; Amos 6:5, Amos 6:6); rather, “a princess and princesses,” from an Arabic root. One regular wife, or queen (Esther 1:9); Pharaoh’s daughter (1 Kings 3:1); other secondary wives, “princesses,” distinct from the “concubines” (1 Kings 11:3; Psalms 45:10; Song of Songs 6:8) [Weiss, Gesenius]. Had these been omitted, the enumeration would be incomplete.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 2:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 2:8

Peculiar treasure — The greatest jewels and rarities of other kings, which they gave to me, either as a tribute, or by way of present. Of provinces — Which were imposed upon or presented by all the provinces of my dominions.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 2:8

I gathered me also silver and gold, and the special treasure of kings and of the provinces: I procured me male and female singers, and the (d) delights of the sons of men, (e) [as] musical instruments, and of all sorts.

(d) That is, whatever men take pleasure in.

(e) Or, the most beautiful of the women that were taken in war, as in (Judges 5:30).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
silver:

1 Kings 9:14 And Hiram sent to the king sixscore talents of gold.
1 Kings 9:28 And they came to Ophir, and fetched from thence gold, four hundred and twenty talents, and brought [it] to king Solomon.
1 Kings 10:10 And she gave the king an hundred and twenty talents of gold, and of spices very great store, and precious stones: there came no more such abundance of spices as these which the queen of Sheba gave to king Solomon.
1 Kings 14:21-22 And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam [was] forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name [was] Naamah an Ammonitess. ... And Judah did evil in the sight of the LORD, and they provoked him to jealousy with their sins which they had committed, above all that their fathers had done.
1 Kings 14:27 And king Rehoboam made in their stead brasen shields, and committed [them] unto the hands of the chief of the guard, which kept the door of the king's house.
2 Chronicles 9:11 And the king made [of] the algum trees terraces to the house of the LORD, and to the king's palace, and harps and psalteries for singers: and there were none such seen before in the land of Judah.
2 Chronicles 9:15-21 And king Solomon made two hundred targets [of] beaten gold: six hundred [shekels] of beaten gold went to one target. ... For the king's ships went to Tarshish with the servants of Huram: every three years once came the ships of Tarshish bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.

men singers:

2 Samuel 19:35 I [am] this day fourscore years old: [and] can I discern between good and evil? can thy servant taste what I eat or what I drink? can I hear any more the voice of singing men and singing women? wherefore then should thy servant be yet a burden unto my lord the king?
Ezra 2:65 Beside their servants and their maids, of whom [there were] seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven: and [there were] among them two hundred singing men and singing women.

musical instruments:
etc. Heb. musical instrument and instruments,
1 Chronicles 25:1 Moreover David and the captains of the host separated to the service of the sons of Asaph, and of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, with psalteries, and with cymbals: and the number of the workmen according to their service was:
1 Chronicles 25:6 All these [were] under the hands of their father for song [in] the house of the LORD, with cymbals, psalteries, and harps, for the service of the house of God, according to the king's order to Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman.
Job 21:11-12 They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance. ... They take the timbrel and harp, and rejoice at the sound of the organ.
Psalms 150:3-5 Praise him with the sound of the trumpet: praise him with the psaltery and harp. ... Praise him upon the loud cymbals: praise him upon the high sounding cymbals.
Daniel 3:5 [That] at what time ye hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, dulcimer, and all kinds of musick, ye fall down and worship the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king hath set up:
Daniel 3:7 Therefore at that time, when all the people heard the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and all kinds of musick, all the people, the nations, and the languages, fell down [and] worshipped the golden image that Nebuchadnezzar the king had set up.
Daniel 3:15 Now if ye be ready that at what time ye hear the sound of the cornet, flute, harp, sackbut, psaltery, and dulcimer, and all kinds of musick, ye fall down and worship the image which I have made; [well]: but if ye worship not, ye shall be cast the same hour into the midst of a burning fiery furnace; and who [is] that God that shall deliver you out of my hands?
Amos 6:5 That chant to the sound of the viol, [and] invent to themselves instruments of musick, like David;
; The difficult words shiddah weshiddoth are variously rendered. The LXX have οινοχοον και οινοχοας, "male and female cup-bearers," with which the Syriac and Arabic and Parkhurst agree; Aquila, κυλικον και κυλικια, "a cup and smaller cups;" Jerome, scyphos et urceolos, Vulgate urceos), "goblets and pots;" Targum, "warm and cold baths;" others, as M. Desvoeux, "male and female captives;" others, "cooks and confectioners;" others, "a species of musical compositions," derived from Sido, a celebrated Phoenician woman, to whom Sanchoniatho attributes the invention of music; but others, with more probability, "wives and concubines;" and siddoth may be in this sense synonymous with the Arabic seedat, domina, conjux from sada, in Conj. V. conjugium inivit. Of the former, Solomon had three hundred, and of the latter, seven hundred; and if they are not mentioned here they are not mentioned at all, which is wholly unaccountable.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 19:35. 1K 9:14, 28; 10:10; 14:21, 27. 1Ch 25:1, 6. 2Ch 9:11, 15. Ezr 2:65. Jb 21:11. Ps 150:3. Dn 3:5, 7, 15. Am 6:5.

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