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Ecclesiastes 2:18 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I hated all my labor wherein I labored under the sun, seeing that I must leave it unto the man that shall be after me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Yea, I hated all my labour which I had taken under the sun: because I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Thus I hated all the fruit of my labor for which I had labored under the sun, for I must leave it to the man who will come after me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Yes, I hated all my labor which I had taken under the sun: because I should leave it to the man that shall be after me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I hated all my labour wherewith I had been toiling under the sun, because I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore hated, I, all my toil, wherein I was toiling, under the sun,—in that I should leave it for the man who should come after me;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I have hated all my labour that I labour at under the sun, because I leave it to a man who is after me.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Again I hated all my application wherewith I had earnestly laboured under the sun, being like to have an heir after me,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Yea I hated all my labour which I had taken vnder the Sunne: because I should leaue it vnto the man that shalbe after mee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I hated the whole of my labour which I took under the sun; because I must leave it to the man who will come after me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yea, I hated all my labour which I had taken under the sun: because I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yea, I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
hated 8130
{8130} Prime
שָׂנֵא
sane'
{saw-nay'}
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
my labour 5999
{5999} Prime
עָמָל
`amal
{aw-mawl'}
From H5998; toil, that is, wearing effort; hence worry, whether of body or mind.
which I x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
had taken 6001
{6001} Prime
עָמֵל
`amel
{aw-male'}
From H5998; toiling; concretely a laborer; figuratively sorrowful.
under x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
the sun: 8121
{8121} Prime
שֶׁמֶשׁ
shemesh
{sheh'-mesh}
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
because I should leave y3240
[3240] Standard
יָנַח
yanach
{yaw-nakh'}
A primitive root; to deposit; by implication to allow to stay. (The Hiphil forms with the dagesh are here referred to, in accordance with the older grammarians; but if any distinction of the kind is to be made, these should rather be referred to H5117, and the others here).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
x5117
(5117) Complement
נוּחַ
nuwach
{noo'-akh}
A primitive root; to rest, that is, settle down; used in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, intransitively, transitively and causatively (to dwell, stay, let fall, place, let alone, withdraw, give comfort, etc.).
it unto the man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
that shall be x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
after 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 2:18-19

_ _ One hope alone was left to the disappointed worldling, the perpetuation of his name and riches, laboriously gathered, through his successor. For selfishness is mostly at the root of worldly parents’ alleged providence for their children. But now the remembrance of how he himself, the piously reared child of David, had disregarded his father’s dying charge (1 Chronicles 28:9), suggested the sad misgivings as to what Rehoboam, his son by an idolatrous Ammonitess, Naamah, should prove to be; a foreboding too fully realized (1 Kings 12:1-18; 1 Kings 14:21-31).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 2:17-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 2:18

All my labour — All these riches and buildings, and other fruits of my labour, were aggravations of my misery. Because — Because I must, and that everlastingly, leave them all behind me.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I hated:

Ecclesiastes 2:4-9 I made me great works; I builded me houses; I planted me vineyards: ... So I was great, and increased more than all that were before me in Jerusalem: also my wisdom remained with me.
Ecclesiastes 1:13 And I gave my heart to seek and search out by wisdom concerning all [things] that are done under heaven: this sore travail hath God given to the sons of man to be exercised therewith.
Ecclesiastes 4:3 Yea, better [is he] than both they, which hath not yet been, who hath not seen the evil work that is done under the sun.
Ecclesiastes 5:18 Behold [that] which I have seen: [it is] good and comely [for one] to eat and to drink, and to enjoy the good of all his labour that he taketh under the sun all the days of his life, which God giveth him: for it [is] his portion.
Ecclesiastes 9:9 Live joyfully with the wife whom thou lovest all the days of the life of thy vanity, which he hath given thee under the sun, all the days of thy vanity: for that [is] thy portion in [this] life, and in thy labour which thou takest under the sun.

taken:
Heb. laboured

I should:

Ecclesiastes 2:26 For [God] giveth to a man that [is] good in his sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner he giveth travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to [him that is] good before God. This also [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.
Ecclesiastes 5:13-14 There is a sore evil [which] I have seen under the sun, [namely], riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt. ... But those riches perish by evil travail: and he begetteth a son, and [there is] nothing in his hand.
1 Kings 11:11-13 Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. ... Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; [but] will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake which I have chosen.
Psalms 17:14 From men [which are] thy hand, O LORD, from men of the world, [which have] their portion in [this] life, and whose belly thou fillest with thy hid [treasure]: they are full of children, and leave the rest of their [substance] to their babes.
Psalms 39:6 Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.
Psalms 49:10 For he seeth [that] wise men die, likewise the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others.
Luke 12:20 But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?
Luke 16:27-28 Then he said, I pray thee therefore, father, that thou wouldest send him to my father's house: ... For I have five brethren; that he may testify unto them, lest they also come into this place of torment.
Acts 20:29-30 For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock. ... Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.
1 Corinthians 3:10 According to the grace of God which is given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have laid the foundation, and another buildeth thereon. But let every man take heed how he buildeth thereupon.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 11:11. Ps 17:14; 39:6; 49:10. Ec 1:13; 2:4, 26; 4:3; 5:13, 18; 9:9. Lk 12:20; 16:27. Ac 20:29. 1Co 3:10.

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