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Ecclesiastes 12:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and the dust returneth to the earth as it was, and the spirit returneth unto God who gave it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— then the dust will return to the earth as it was, and the spirit will return to God who gave it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return to God who gave it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and the dust return to the earth as it was, and the spirit return unto God who gave it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the dust return to the earth, as it was,—and, the spirit, return unto God, who gave it.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the dust returneth to the earth as it was, And the spirit returneth to God who gave it.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the dust return into its earth, from whence it was, and the spirit return to God, who gave it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then shall the dust returne to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall returne vnto God who gaue it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [before] the dust also return to the earth as it was, and the spirit return to God who gave it.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto Elohim who gave it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then shall the dust 6083
{6083} Prime
עָפָר
`aphar
{aw-fawr'}
From H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence clay, earth, mud.
return 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
to x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the earth 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
as it was: x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
and the spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
shall return 7725
{7725} Prime
שׁוּב
shuwb
{shoob}
A primitive root; to turn back (hence, away) transitively or intransitively, literally or figuratively (not necessarily with the idea of return to the starting point); generally to retreat; often adverbially again.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
lhm אֱלֹהִים 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
who x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
gave 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
it.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 12:7

_ _ dust — the dust-formed body.

_ _ spirit — surviving the body; implying its immortality (Ecclesiastes 3:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 12:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 12:7

Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the (u) spirit shall return to God who gave it.

(u) The soul unconsciously goes either to joy or torment, and sleeps not as the wicked imagine.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
dust:

Ecclesiastes 3:20 All go unto one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again.
Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.
Genesis 18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which [am but] dust and ashes:
Job 4:19-20 How much less [in] them that dwell in houses of clay, whose foundation [is] in the dust, [which] are crushed before the moth? ... They are destroyed from morning to evening: they perish for ever without any regarding [it].
Job 7:21 And why dost thou not pardon my transgression, and take away mine iniquity? for now shall I sleep in the dust; and thou shalt seek me in the morning, but I [shall] not [be].
Job 20:11 His bones are full [of the sin] of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust.
Job 34:14-15 If he set his heart upon man, [if] he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath; ... All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust.
Psalms 90:3 Thou turnest man to destruction; and sayest, Return, ye children of men.
Psalms 146:4 His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.
Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame [and] everlasting contempt.

the spirit:

Ecclesiastes 3:21 Who knoweth the spirit of man that goeth upward, and the spirit of the beast that goeth downward to the earth?

God:

Genesis 2:7 And the LORD God formed man [of] the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.
Numbers 16:22 And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be wroth with all the congregation?
Numbers 27:16 Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,
Isaiah 57:16 For I will not contend for ever, neither will I be always wroth: for the spirit should fail before me, and the souls [which] I have made.
Jeremiah 38:16 So Zedekiah the king sware secretly unto Jeremiah, saying, [As] the LORD liveth, that made us this soul, I will not put thee to death, neither will I give thee into the hand of these men that seek thy life.
Zechariah 12:1 The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.
Hebrews 12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected [us], and we gave [them] reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live?
Hebrews 12:23 To the general assembly and church of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:7; 3:19; 18:27. Nu 16:22; 27:16. Jb 4:19; 7:21; 20:11; 34:14. Ps 90:3; 146:4. Ec 3:20, 21. Is 57:16. Jr 38:16. Dn 12:2. Zc 12:1. He 12:9, 23.

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