Parallel Bible VersionsHebrew Bible Study Tools

Ecclesiastes 12:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— in the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows shall be darkened,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— In the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows be darkened,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— in the day that the watchmen of the house tremble, and mighty men stoop, the grinding ones stand idle because they are few, and those who look through windows grow dim;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— In the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows shall be darkened,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in the day when the keepers of the house tremble, and the strong men bow themselves, and the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows are darkened,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the men of might bow themselves,—and the grinders cease because they are few, and they who look through the windows are darkened;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In the day that keepers of the house tremble, And men of strength have bowed themselves, And grinders have ceased, because they have become few. And those looking out at the windows have become dim,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— When the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall stagger, and the grinders shall be idle in a small number, and they that look through the holes shall be darkened:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— In the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall bowe themselues, and the grinders cease, because they are fewe, and those that looke out of the windowes be darkened:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— in the day wherein the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the mighty men shall become bent, and the grinding [women] cease because they have become few, and the [women] looking out at the windows be dark;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— In the day when the keepers of the house shall tremble, and the strong men shall bow themselves, and the grinders cease because they are few, and those that look out of the windows be darkened,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
In the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
when the keepers 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
shall tremble, 2111
{2111} Prime
זוּעַ
zuwa`
{zoo'-ah}
A primitive root; properly to shake off, that is, (figuratively) to agitate (as with fear).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
and the strong 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
men y582
[0582] Standard
אֱנוֹשׁ
'enowsh
{en-oshe'}
From H0605; properly a mortal (and thus differeing from the more dignified H0120); hence a man in general (singly or collectively). It is often unexpressed in the English Version, especially when used in apposition with another word.
x376
(0376) Complement
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
shall bow y5791
[5791] Standard
עָוַת
`avath
{aw-vath'}
A primitive root; to wrest.
z8694
<8694> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 157
themselves, x5791
(5791) Complement
עָוַת
`avath
{aw-vath'}
A primitive root; to wrest.
and the grinders 2912
{2912} Prime
טָחַן
tachan
{taw-khan'}
A primitive root; to grind meal; hence to be a concubine (that being their employment).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
cease 988
{0988} Prime
בַּטֵל
batel
{baw-tale'}
A primitive root; to desist from labor.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
because x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
they are few, 4591
{4591} Prime
מָעַט
ma`at
{maw-at'}
A primitive root; properly to pare off, that is, lessen; intransitively to be (or causatively to make) small or few (or figuratively ineffective).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
and those that look x7200
(7200) Complement
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
out y7200
[7200] Standard
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of the windows 699
{0699} Prime
אֲרֻבָּה
'arubbah
{ar-oob-baw'}
Feminine participle passive of H0693 (as if for lurking); a lattice; (by implication) a window, dove cot (because of the pigeon holes), chimney (with its apertures for smoke), sluice (with openings for water).
be darkened, 2821
{2821} Prime
חָשַׁךְ
chashak
{khaw-shak'}
A primitive root; to be dark (as withholding light); transitively to darken.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 12:3

_ _ keepers of the house — namely, the hands and arms which protected the body, as guards do a palace (Genesis 49:24; Job 4:19; 2 Corinthians 5:1), are now palsied.

_ _ strong men ... bow — (Judges 16:25, Judges 16:30). Like supporting pillars, the feet and knees (Song of Songs 5:15); the strongest members (Psalms 147:10).

_ _ grinders — the molar teeth.

_ _ cease — are idle.

_ _ those that look out of the windows — the eyes; the powers of vision, looking out from beneath the eyelids, which open and shut like the casement of a window.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 12:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 12:3

The house — Of the body: whose keepers are the hands and arms, which are man's best instruments to defend his body; and which in a special manner are subject to his trembling. The strong men — The thighs and legs, in which the main strength of the body consists. Grinders — The teeth, those especially which are commonly so called, because they grind the meat. Cease — To perform their office. And those, &c. — The eyes. By windows he understands either the eye — lids, which like windows, are either opened or shut: or, those humours and coats of the eyes, which are the chief instruments by which we see.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 12:3

In the day when the (b) keepers of the house shall tremble, and the (c) strong men shall bow themselves, and the (d) grinders cease because they are few, and those that (e) look out of the windows shall be darkened,

(b) The hands which keep the body.

(c) The legs.

(d) The teeth.

(e) The eyes.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
strong:

2 Samuel 21:15-17 Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David waxed faint. ... But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.
Psalms 90:9-10 For all our days are passed away in thy wrath: we spend our years as a tale [that is told]. ... The days of our years [are] threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength [they be] fourscore years, yet [is] their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.
Psalms 102:23 He weakened my strength in the way; he shortened my days.
Zechariah 8:4 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; There shall yet old men and old women dwell in the streets of Jerusalem, and every man with his staff in his hand for very age.

and those:

Ecclesiastes 12:2 While the sun, or the light, or the moon, or the stars, be not darkened, nor the clouds return after the rain:
Random Bible VersesNew Quotes



Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 21:15. Ps 90:9; 102:23. Ec 12:2. Zc 8:4.

Newest Chat Bible Comment
Comment HereComplete Biblical ResearchComplete Chat Bible Commentary
Please post your comment on Ecclesiastes 12:3.
Name:

WWW Chat Bible Commentary

User-Posted Comments on Ecclesiastes 12:3


Recent Chat Bible Comments