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Ecclesiastes 10:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Happy art thou, O land, when thy king is the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Blessed [art] thou, O land, when thy king [is] the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Blessed are you, O land, whose king is of nobility and whose princes eat at the appropriate time—for strength and not for drunkenness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Blessed [art] thou, O land, when thy king [is] the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Happy art thou, O land, when thy king is a son of nobles, and thy princes eat in [due] season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— How happy art thou, O land, when thy king is a son of nobles,—and, thy rulers, in season, do eat, for strength, and not for debauchery.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Happy art thou, O land, When thy king [is] a son of freemen, And thy princes do eat in due season, For might, and not for drunkenness.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Blessed is the land, whose king is noble, and whose princes eat in due season for refreshment, and not for riotousness.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Blessed [art] thou, O land, when thy king [is] the sonne of nobles, and thy princes eate in due season, for strength, and not for drunkennesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Blessed art thou, O land, whose king is a son of nobles, and whose princes shall eat seasonably, for strength, and shall not be ashamed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Blessed [art] thou, O land, when thy king [is] the son of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Blessed 835
{0835} Prime
אֶשֶׁר
'esher
{eh'-sher}
From H0833; happiness; only in masculine plural construction as interjection, how happy!.
[art] thou, O land, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
when thy king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
[is] the son 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of nobles, 2715
{2715} Prime
חֹר
chor
{khore}
From H2787; properly white or pure (from the cleansing or shining power of fire (compare H2751); hence (figuratively) noble (in rank).
and thy princes 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
eat 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in due season, 6256
{6256} Prime
עֵת
`eth
{ayth}
From H5703; time, especially (adverbially with preposition) now, when, etc.
for strength, 1369
{1369} Prime
גְּבוּרָה
g@buwrah
{gheb-oo-raw'}
Feminine passive participle from the same as H1368; force (literally or figuratively); by implication valor, victory.
and not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
for drunkenness! 8358
{8358} Prime
שְׁתִי
sh@thiy
{sheth-ee'}
From H8354; intoxication.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Ecclesiastes 10:17

_ _ son of nobles — not merely in blood, but in virtue, the true nobility (Song of Songs 7:1; Isaiah 32:5, Isaiah 32:8).

_ _ in due season — (Ecclesiastes 3:1), not until duty has first been attended to.

_ _ for strength — to refresh the body, not for revelry (included in “drunkenness”).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Ecclesiastes 10:16-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Ecclesiastes 10:17

Nobles — Not so much by birth, as by their noble dispositions.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Ecclesiastes 10:17

Blessed [art] thou, O land, when thy king [is] the son (k) of nobles, and thy princes eat in due season, for strength, and not for drunkenness!

(k) Meaning, when he is noble for virtue and wisdom and with the gifts of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
when:

Ecclesiastes 10:6-7 Folly is set in great dignity, and the rich sit in low place. ... I have seen servants upon horses, and princes walking as servants upon the earth.
Proverbs 28:2-3 For the transgression of a land many [are] the princes thereof: but by a man of understanding [and] knowledge the state [thereof] shall be prolonged. ... A poor man that oppresseth the poor [is like] a sweeping rain which leaveth no food.
Jeremiah 30:21 And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who [is] this that engaged his heart to approach unto me? saith the LORD.

and thy:

Proverbs 31:4-5 [It is] not for kings, O Lemuel, [it is] not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink: ... Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 28:2; 31:4. Ec 10:6. Jr 30:21.

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