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Deuteronomy 8:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— a land of wheat and barley, and vines and fig-trees and pomegranates; a land of olive-trees and honey;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil olive, and honey;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— a land of wheat and barley, of vines and fig trees and pomegranates, a land of olive oil and honey;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig-trees, and pomegranates, a land of olive-oil, and honey;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— a land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig-trees, and pomegranates; a land of olive-trees and honey;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— a land of wheat and barley, and vine and fig-tree, and pomegranate,—a land of olive oil, and honey:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— a land of wheat, and barley, and vine, and fig, and pomegranate; a land of oil olive and honey;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A land of wheat, and barley, and vineyards, wherein fig trees and pomegranates, and oliveyards grow: a land of oil and honey.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A land of wheate, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranats, a land of oyle oliue, and hony,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— a land of wheat and barley, [wherein are] vines, figs, pomegranates; a land of olive oil and honey;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil olive, and honey;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of wheat, 2406
{2406} Prime
חִטָּה
chittah
{khit-taw'}
Of uncertain derivation; wheat, whether the grain or the plant.
and barley, 8184
{8184} Prime
שְׂעֹרָה
s@`orah
{seh-o-raw'}
(The feminine form meaning the plant and the masculine form meaning the grain (second form)); from H8175 in the sense of roughness; barley (as villose).
and vines, 1612
{1612} Prime
גֶּפֶן
gephen
{gheh'-fen}
From an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape.
and fig trees, 8384
{8384} Prime
תְּאֵן
t@'en
{teh-ane'}
The second form being singular and feminine; perhaps of foreign derivation; the fig (tree or fruit).
and pomegranates; 7416
{7416} Prime
רִמּוֹן
rimmown
{rim-mone'}
From H7426; a pomegranate, the tree (from its upright growth) or the fruit (also an artificial ornament).
a land 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
of oil 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
olive, 2132
{2132} Prime
זַיִת
zayith
{zay'-yith}
Probably from an unused root (akin to H2099); an olive (as yielding illuminating oil), the tree, the branch or the berry.
and honey; 1706
{1706} Prime
דְּבַשׁ
d@bash
{deb-ash'}
From an unused root meaning to be gummy; honey (from its stickiness); by analogy syrup.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 8:8

_ _ A land of wheat, and barley — These cereal fruits were specially promised to the Israelites in the event of their faithful allegiance to the covenant of God (Psalms 81:16; Psalms 147:14). The wheat and barley were so abundant as to yield sixty and often an hundredfold (Genesis 26:12; Matthew 13:8).

_ _ vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates — The limestone rocks and abrupt valleys were entirely covered, as traces of them still show, with plantations of figs, vines, and olive trees. Though in a southern latitude, its mountainous formations tempered the excessive heat, and hence, figs, pomegranates, etc., were produced in Palestine equally with wheat and barley, the produce of northern regions.

_ _ honey — The word “honey” is used often in a loose, indeterminate sense, very frequently to signify a syrup of dates or of grapes, which under the name of dibs is much used by all classes, wherever vineyards are found, as a condiment to their food. It resembles thin molasses, but is more pleasant to the taste [Robinson]. This is esteemed a great delicacy in the East, and it was produced abundantly in Palestine.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 8:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
wheat:

Deuteronomy 32:14 Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat; and thou didst drink the pure blood of the grape.
2 Samuel 4:6 And they came thither into the midst of the house, [as though] they would have fetched wheat; and they smote him under the fifth [rib]: and Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped.
1 Kings 5:11 And Solomon gave Hiram twenty thousand measures of wheat [for] food to his household, and twenty measures of pure oil: thus gave Solomon to Hiram year by year.
Psalms 81:16 He should have fed them also with the finest of the wheat: and with honey out of the rock should I have satisfied thee.
Psalms 147:14 He maketh peace [in] thy borders, [and] filleth thee with the finest of the wheat.
Ezekiel 27:17 Judah, and the land of Israel, they [were] thy merchants: they traded in thy market wheat of Minnith, and Pannag, and honey, and oil, and balm.

barley:

2 Chronicles 2:10-15 And, behold, I will give to thy servants, the hewers that cut timber, twenty thousand measures of beaten wheat, and twenty thousand measures of barley, and twenty thousand baths of wine, and twenty thousand baths of oil. ... Now therefore the wheat, and the barley, the oil, and the wine, which my lord hath spoken of, let him send unto his servants:
John 6:9 There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many?
John 6:13 Therefore they gathered [them] together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves, which remained over and above unto them that had eaten.

vines:

Isaiah 7:23 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] every place shall be, where there were a thousand vines at a thousand silverlings, it shall [even] be for briers and thorns.
Jeremiah 5:17 And they shall eat up thine harvest, and thy bread, [which] thy sons and thy daughters should eat: they shall eat up thy flocks and thine herds: they shall eat up thy vines and thy fig trees: they shall impoverish thy fenced cities, wherein thou trustedst, with the sword.
Hosea 2:8 For she did not know that I gave her corn, and wine, and oil, and multiplied her silver and gold, [which] they prepared for Baal.
Hosea 2:22 And the earth shall hear the corn, and the wine, and the oil; and they shall hear Jezreel.
Micah 4:4 But they shall sit every man under his vine and under his fig tree; and none shall make [them] afraid: for the mouth of the LORD of hosts hath spoken [it].
Habakkuk 3:17 Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither [shall] fruit [be] in the vines; the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and [there shall be] no herd in the stalls:

oil olive:
Heb. olive tree of oil
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:14. 2S 4:6. 1K 5:11. 2Ch 2:10. Ps 81:16; 147:14. Is 7:23. Jr 5:17. Ezk 27:17. Ho 2:8, 22. Mi 4:4. Hab 3:17. Jn 6:9, 13.

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