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Deuteronomy 4:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Lest ye corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven image in the form of any figure, the likeness of male or female,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Lest ye corrupt [yourselves], and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— so that you do not act corruptly and make a graven image for yourselves in the form of any figure, the likeness of male or female,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Lest ye corrupt [yourselves], and make to you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— lest ye corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven image, the form of any figure, the pattern of male or female,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— lest ye should break faith, and make you an image, a form of any likeness,—a model of male or female;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— lest ye do corruptly, and have made to you a graven image, a similitude of any figure, a form of male or female—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Lest perhaps being deceived you might make you a graven similitude, or image of male or female,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Lest yee corrupt [your selues], and make you a grauen image, the similitude of any figure, the likenes of male, or female,
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— lest ye transgress, and make to yourselves a carved image, any kind of figure, the likeness of male or female,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Lest ye corrupt [yourselves], and make you a graven image, the similitude of any figure, the likeness of male or female,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Lest x6435
(6435) Complement
פֵּן
pen
{pane}
From H6437; properly removal; used only (in the constructive) adverbially as conjugation lest.
ye corrupt 7843
{7843} Prime
שָׁחַת
shachath
{shaw-khath'}
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
[yourselves], and make 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
you a graven image, 6459
{6459} Prime
פֶּסֶל
pecel
{peh'-sel}
From H6458; an idol.
the similitude 8544
{8544} Prime
תְּמוּנָה
t@muwnah
{tem-oo-naw'}
From H4327; something portioned (that is, fashioned) out, as a shape, that is, (indefinitely) phantom, or (specifically) embodiment, or (figuratively) manifestation (of favor).
of any x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
figure, 5566
{5566} Prime
סֶמֶל
cemel
{seh'-mel}
From an unused root meaning to resemble; a likeness.
the likeness 8403
{8403} Prime
תַּבְנִית
tabniyth
{tab-neeth'}
From H1129; structure; by implication a model, resemblance.
of male 2145
{2145} Prime
זָכָר
zakar
{zaw-kawr'}
From H2142; properly remembered, that is, a male (of man or animals, as being the most noteworthy sex).
or x176
(0176) Complement
אוֹ
'ow
{o}
The first form is presumed to be the 'constructive' or genitival form of the second form which is short for H0185; desire (and so probably in Proverbs 31:4); hence (by way of alternative) or, also if.
female, 5347
{5347} Prime
נְקֵבָה
n@qebah
{nek-ay-baw'}
From H5344; female (from the sexual form).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 4:16-19

_ _ Lest ye corrupt yourselves, and make you a graven image — The things are here specified of which God prohibited any image or representation to be made for the purposes of worship; and, from the variety of details entered into, an idea may be formed of the extensive prevalence of idolatry in that age. In whatever way idolatry originated, whether from an intention to worship the true God through those things which seemed to afford the strongest evidences of His power, or whether a divine principle was supposed to reside in the things themselves, there was scarcely an element or object of nature but was deified. This was particularly the case with the Canaanites and Egyptians, against whose superstitious practices the caution, no doubt, was chiefly directed. The former worshipped Baal and Astarte, the latter Osiris and Isis, under the figure of a male and a female. It was in Egypt that animal-worship most prevailed, for the natives of that country deified among beasts the ox, the heifer, the sheep, and the goat, the dog, the cat, and the ape; among birds, the ibis, the hawk, and the crane; among reptiles, the crocodile, the frog, and the beetle; among fishes, all the fish of the Nile; some of these, as Osiris and Isis, were worshipped over all Egypt, the others only in particular provinces. In addition they embraced the Zabian superstition, the adoration of the Egyptians, in common with that of many other people, extending to the whole starry host. The very circumstantial details here given of the Canaanitish and Egyptian idolatry were owing to the past and prospective familiarity of the Israelites with it in all these forms.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 4:1-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 4:16

Lest ye corrupt yourselves — Your ways, by worshipping God in a corrupt manner.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
corrupt:

Deuteronomy 4:8-9 And what nation [is there so] great, that hath statutes and judgments [so] righteous as all this law, which I set before you this day? ... Only take heed to thyself, and keep thy soul diligently, lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart from thy heart all the days of thy life: but teach them thy sons, and thy sons' sons;
Exodus 20:4-5 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness [of any thing] that [is] in heaven above, or that [is] in the earth beneath, or that [is] in the water under the earth: ... Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God [am] a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth [generation] of them that hate me;
Exodus 32:7 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted [themselves]:
Psalms 106:19-20 They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image. ... Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass.
Romans 1:22-24 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools, ... Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:

the likeness:
Such as Baal-peor, the Roman Priapus; Ashtaroth or Astarte, the Greek and Roman Venus, and many others.
Deuteronomy 4:23 Take heed unto yourselves, lest ye forget the covenant of the LORD your God, which he made with you, and make you a graven image, [or] the likeness of any [thing], which the LORD thy God hath forbidden thee.
Isaiah 40:18 To whom then will ye liken God? or what likeness will ye compare unto him?
John 4:24 God [is] a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship [him] in spirit and in truth.
Acts 17:29 Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man's device.
Acts 20:4-5 And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus. ... These going before tarried for us at Troas.
1 Timothy 1:17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 20:4; 32:7. Dt 4:8, 23. Ps 106:19. Is 40:18. Jn 4:24. Ac 17:29; 20:4. Ro 1:22. 1Ti 1:17.

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