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Deuteronomy 4:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jehovah spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of words, but ye saw no form; only [ye heard] a voice.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the LORD spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only [ye heard] a voice.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Then the LORD spoke to you from the midst of the fire; you heard the sound of words, but you saw no form—only a voice.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the LORD spoke to you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only [ye heard] a voice.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Jehovah spoke to you from the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but ye saw no form; only [ye heard] a voice.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then spake Yahweh unto you, out of the midst of the fire,—a voice of words, ye, were hearing, no form, were ye seeing, [there was], only a voice.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And Jehovah speaketh unto you out of the midst of the fire; a voice of words ye are hearing and a similitude ye are not seeing, only a voice;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the Lord spoke to you from the midst of the fire. You heard the voice of his words, but you saw not any form at all.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the LORD spake vnto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voyce of the words, but saw no similitude, onely [ye heard] a voyce.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Lord spoke to you out of the midst of the fire a voice of words, which ye heard: and ye saw no likeness, only [ye heard] a voice.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And Yahweh spake unto you out of the midst of the fire: ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude; only [ye heard] a voice.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
spake 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
you out of the midst 8432
{8432} Prime
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the fire: 784
{0784} Prime
אֵשׁ
'esh
{aysh}
A primitive word; fire (literally or figuratively).
ye x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
the voice 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
of the words, 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
but saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
similitude; 8544
{8544} Prime
תְּמוּנָה
t@muwnah
{tem-oo-naw'}
From H4327; something portioned (that is, fashioned) out, as a shape, that is, (indefinitely) phantom, or (specifically) embodiment, or (figuratively) manifestation (of favor).
only 2108
{2108} Prime
זוּלָה
zuwlah
{zoo-law'}
From H2107; properly scattering, that is, removal; used adverbially except.
[ye heard] a voice. 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 4:12

_ _ ye heard the voice of the words, but saw no similitude — Although articulate sounds were heard emanating from the mount, no form or representation of the Divine Being who spoke was seen to indicate His nature or properties according to the notions of the heathen.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 4:1-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 4:12

No similitude — No resemblance or representation of God, whereby either his essence, or properties, or actions were represented, such as were usual among the Heathens.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the LORD[YHWH]:

Deuteronomy 5:4 The LORD talked with you face to face in the mount out of the midst of the fire,
Deuteronomy 5:22 These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.

no similitude:

Deuteronomy 4:15 Take ye therefore good heed unto yourselves; for ye saw no manner of similitude on the day [that] the LORD spake unto you in Horeb out of the midst of the fire:
Numbers 12:8 With him will I speak mouth to mouth, even apparently, and not in dark speeches; and the similitude of the LORD shall he behold: wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against my servant Moses?
Isaiah 40:18 To whom then will ye liken God? or what likeness will ye compare unto him?
Colossians 1:15 Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:

only ye heard a voice:
Heb. save a voice,
Deuteronomy 4:33 Did [ever] people hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, and live?
Deuteronomy 4:36 Out of heaven he made thee to hear his voice, that he might instruct thee: and upon earth he shewed thee his great fire; and thou heardest his words out of the midst of the fire.
Exodus 20:22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.
1 Kings 19:12-13 And after the earthquake a fire; [but] the LORD [was] not in the fire: and after the fire a still small voice. ... And it was [so], when Elijah heard [it], that he wrapped his face in his mantle, and went out, and stood in the entering in of the cave. And, behold, [there came] a voice unto him, and said, What doest thou here, Elijah?
Isaiah 30:21 And thine ears shall hear a word behind thee, saying, This [is] the way, walk ye in it, when ye turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left.
Isaiah 40:3 The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.
Isaiah 40:6 The voice said, Cry. And he said, What shall I cry? All flesh [is] grass, and all the goodliness thereof [is] as the flower of the field:
Matthew 3:3 For this is he that was spoken of by the prophet Esaias, saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.
Matthew 3:17 And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
Matthew 17:5 While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him.
John 12:28-30 Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, [saying], I have both glorified [it], and will glorify [it] again. ... Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes.
2 Peter 1:17-18 For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. ... And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 20:22. Nu 12:8. Dt 4:15, 33, 36; 5:4, 22. 1K 19:12. Is 30:21; 40:3, 6, 18. Mt 3:3, 17; 17:5. Jn 12:28. Col 1:15. 2P 1:17.

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