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Deuteronomy 32:42 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, And my sword shall devour flesh; With the blood of the slain and the captives, From the head of the leaders of the enemy.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; [and that] with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘I will make My arrows drunk with blood, And My sword will devour flesh, With the blood of the slain and the captives, From the long-haired leaders of the enemy.’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I will make my arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; [and that] with the blood of the slain and of the captives from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Mine arrows will I make drunk with blood, And my sword shall devour flesh; [I will make them drunk] with the blood of the slain and of the captives, With the head of the princes of the enemy.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, And, my sword, shall devour flesh,—With, the blood of the slain, and the captive, With [the flesh of] the chief leader of the foe.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I make drunk Mine arrows with blood, And My sword devoureth flesh, From the blood of the pierced and captive, From the head of the freemen of the enemy.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I will make my arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh, of the blood of the slain and of the captivity, of the bare head of the enemies.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I will make mine arrowes drunke with blood, (and my sword shal deuoure flesh) [and that] with the blood of the slaine, and of the captiues, from the beginning of reuenges vpon the enemie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I will make my weapons drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh, [it shall glut itself] with the blood of the wounded, and from the captivity of the heads of [their] enemies that rule over them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I will make mine arrows drunk with blood, and my sword shall devour flesh; [and that] with the blood of the slain and of the captives, from the beginning of revenges upon the enemy.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I will make mine arrows 2671
{2671} Prime
חֵץ
chets
{khayts}
From H2686; properly a piercer, that is, an arrow; by implication a wound; figuratively (of God) thunder bolt; (by interchange for H6086) the shaft of a spear.
drunk 7937
{7937} Prime
שָׁכַר
shakar
{shaw-kar'}
A primitive root; to become tipsy; in a qualified sense, to satiate with a stimulating drink or (figuratively) influence. (Superlative of H8248.).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
with blood, 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and my sword 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
shall devour 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
flesh; 1320
{1320} Prime
בָּשָׂר
basar
{baw-sawr'}
From H1319; flesh (from its freshness); by extension body, person; also (by euphemism) the pudenda of a man.
[and that] with the blood 1818
{1818} Prime
דָּם
dam
{dawm}
From H1826 (compare H0119); blood (as that which when shed causes death) of man or an animal; by analogy the juice of the grape; figuratively (especially in the plural) bloodshed (that is, drops of blood).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the slain 2491
{2491} Prime
חָלָל
chalal
{khaw-lawl'}
From H2490; pierced (especially to death); figuratively polluted.
and of the captives, 7633
{7633} Prime
שִׁבְיָה
shibyah
{shib-yaw'}
Feminine of H7628; exile (abstractly or concretely and collectively).
from the beginning 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of revenges 6546
{6546} Prime
פַּרְעָה
par`ah
{par-aw'}
Feminine of H6545 (in the sense of beginning); leadership (plural concretely leaders).
upon the enemy. 341
{0341} Prime
אֹיֵב
'oyeb
{o-yabe'}
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 32:39-43.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 32:42

Captives — Whom my sword hath sorely wounded, though not utterly killed. From the beginning — When once I begin to revenge myself and my people upon mine and their enemies, I will go on and make a full end.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
make mine:

Deuteronomy 32:23 I will heap mischiefs upon them; I will spend mine arrows upon them.
Psalms 45:5 Thine arrows [are] sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; [whereby] the people fall under thee.
Psalms 68:23 That thy foot may be dipped in the blood of [thine] enemies, [and] the tongue of thy dogs in the same.
Isaiah 34:6-8 The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, [and] with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea. ... For [it is] the day of the LORD'S vengeance, [and] the year of recompences for the controversy of Zion.
Jeremiah 16:10 And it shall come to pass, when thou shalt shew this people all these words, and they shall say unto thee, Wherefore hath the LORD pronounced all this great evil against us? or what [is] our iniquity? or what [is] our sin that we have committed against the LORD our God?
Ezekiel 35:6-8 Therefore, [as] I live, saith the Lord GOD, I will prepare thee unto blood, and blood shall pursue thee: sith thou hast not hated blood, even blood shall pursue thee. ... And I will fill his mountains with his slain [men]: in thy hills, and in thy valleys, and in all thy rivers, shall they fall that are slain with the sword.
Ezekiel 38:21-22 And I will call for a sword against him throughout all my mountains, saith the Lord GOD: every man's sword shall be against his brother. ... And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that [are] with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.

revenges:
The word parôth, rendered revenges, a sense in which it never seems to be used, has rendered this passage very obscure. As the word paira signifies the hair of the head, both in Hebrew and Arabic, Mr. Parkhurst and others render mairosh parôth, "from the hairy head;" but to have this sense, the words should rather have been mipparôth rosh, according the Hebrew idiom. The word farôu, in Arabic, however, also denotes a prince or chief; and the words may be literally rendered, with the LXX, απο κεφαλης αρχοντων εχθρων, "from the head of the chiefs of the enemies." The hyperbaton, or transposition of words from their grammatical order, is very observable in this verse; the third member forming a continuation of the first, and the fourth of the second.
Job 13:24 Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and holdest me for thine enemy?
Jeremiah 30:14 All thy lovers have forgotten thee; they seek thee not; for I have wounded thee with the wound of an enemy, with the chastisement of a cruel one, for the multitude of thine iniquity; [because] thy sins were increased.
Lamentations 2:5 The Lord was as an enemy: he hath swallowed up Israel, he hath swallowed up all her palaces: he hath destroyed his strong holds, and hath increased in the daughter of Judah mourning and lamentation.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:23. Jb 13:24. Ps 45:5; 68:23. Is 34:6. Jr 16:10; 30:14. Lm 2:5. Ezk 35:6; 38:21.

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