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Deuteronomy 32:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The Rock, his work is perfect; For all his ways are justice: A God of faithfulness and without iniquity, Just and right is he.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [He is] the Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right [is] he.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The Rock! His work is perfect, For all His ways are just; A God of faithfulness and without injustice, Righteous and upright is He.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [He is] the Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity: just and right [is] he.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [He is] the Rock, his work is perfect, For all his ways are righteousness; A *God of faithfulness without deceit, Just and right is he.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A Rock! faultless his work, For, all his ways, are just,—A GOD of faithfulness and without perversity, Right and fair, is he!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The Rock!—perfect [is] His work, For all His ways [are] just; God of stedfastness, and without iniquity: Righteous and upright [is] He.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The works of God are perfect, and all his ways are judgments: God is faithful and without any iniquity, he is just and right.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [He is] the rocke, his worke [is] perfect: for all his wayes [are] Iudgement: A God of trueth, and without iniquity, iust and right [is] he.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [As for God], his works [are] true, and all his ways [are] judgment: God [is] faithful, and there is no unrighteousness [in him]; just and holy [is] the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [He is] the Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: an El of truth and without iniquity, just and right [is] he.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[He is] the Rock, 6697
{6697} Prime
צוּר
tsuwr
{tsoor}
From H6696; properly a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally a rock or boulder; figuratively a refuge; also an edge (as precipitous).
his work 6467
{6467} Prime
פֹּעַל
po`al
{po'-al}
From H6466; an act or work (concretely).
[is] perfect: 8549
{8549} Prime
תָּמִים
tamiym
{taw-meem'}
From H8552; entire (literally, figuratively or morally); also (as noun) integrity, truth.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
his ways 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
[are] judgment: 4941
{4941} Prime
מִשְׁפָּט
mishpat
{mish-pawt'}
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
an “Ėl אֵל 410
{0410} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
of truth 530
{0530} Prime
אֱמוּנָה
'emuwnah
{em-oo-naw'}
Feminine of H0529; literally firmness; figuratively security; moral fidelity.
and without x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
iniquity, 5766
{5766} Prime
עֶוֶל
`evel
{eh'-vel}
From H5765; (moral) evil.
just 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
and right 3477
{3477} Prime
יָשָׁר
yashar
{yaw-shawr'}
From H3474; straight (literally or figuratively).
[is] he. x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 32:4

_ _ He is the Rock — a word expressive of power and stability. The application of it in this passage is to declare that God had been true to His covenant with their fathers and them. Nothing that He had promised had failed; so that if their national experience had been painfully checkered by severe and protracted trials, notwithstanding the brightest promises, that result was traceable to their own undutiful and perverse conduct; not to any vacillation or unfaithfulness on the part of God (James 1:17), whose procedure was marked by justice and judgment, whether they had been exalted to prosperity or plunged into the depths of affliction.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 32:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 32:4

A rock — As for the stability of his nature, and invincibleness of his power, so also for his fixedness and immutability in his counsels and promises and ways; so that is there shall be a sad change in your affairs, remember that this proceeds from yourselves and from the change of your ways towards God, and not from God, in whom there is no variableness or shadow of change, James 1:17. His work — All his works and actions are unblameable, perfect, wise and righteous. His ways — All his administrations in the world and particularly with you are managed with wisdom and justice. A God of truth — Constant to his promises: you cannot accuse him of any unfaithfulness to this day.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Deuteronomy 32:4

[He is] the (c) Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right [is] he.

(c) Or mighty God; noting that only God is mighty, faithful and constant in his promise.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the Rock:

Deuteronomy 32:18 Of the Rock [that] begat thee thou art unmindful, and hast forgotten God that formed thee.
Deuteronomy 32:30-31 How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up? ... For their rock [is] not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves [being] judges.
1 Samuel 2:2 [There is] none holy as the LORD: for [there is] none beside thee: neither [is there] any rock like our God.
2 Samuel 22:2-3 And he said, The LORD [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; ... The God of my rock; in him will I trust: [he is] my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.
2 Samuel 22:32 For who [is] God, save the LORD? and who [is] a rock, save our God?
2 Samuel 22:47 The LORD liveth; and blessed [be] my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.
2 Samuel 23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God.
Psalms 18:2 The LORD [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, [and] my high tower.
Psalms 18:31 For who [is] God save the LORD? or who [is] a rock save our God?
Psalms 18:46 The LORD liveth; and blessed [be] my rock; and let the God of my salvation be exalted.
Psalms 61:2-4 From the end of the earth will I cry unto thee, when my heart is overwhelmed: lead me to the rock [that] is higher than I. ... I will abide in thy tabernacle for ever: I will trust in the covert of thy wings. Selah.
Psalms 92:15 To shew that the LORD [is] upright: [he is] my rock, and [there is] no unrighteousness in him.
Isaiah 26:4 Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH [is] everlasting strength:
Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.
Matthew 16:16-18 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. ... And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
1 Corinthians 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.
1 Peter 2:6 Wherefore also it is contained in the scripture, Behold, I lay in Sion a chief corner stone, elect, precious: and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded.

his work:

Genesis 1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, [it was] very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
2 Samuel 22:31 [As for] God, his way [is] perfect; the word of the LORD [is] tried: he [is] a buckler to all them that trust in him.
Psalms 18:30 [As for] God, his way [is] perfect: the word of the LORD is tried: he [is] a buckler to all those that trust in him.
Psalms 19:7 The law of the LORD [is] perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD [is] sure, making wise the simple.
Psalms 138:8 The LORD will perfect [that which] concerneth me: thy mercy, O LORD, [endureth] for ever: forsake not the works of thine own hands.
Ecclesiastes 3:14 I know that, whatsoever God doeth, it shall be for ever: nothing can be put to it, nor any thing taken from it: and God doeth [it], that [men] should fear before him.
Matthew 5:48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

all his:

Deuteronomy 10:18 He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.
Genesis 18:25 That be far from thee to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from thee: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?
Job 35:14 Although thou sayest thou shalt not see him, [yet] judgment [is] before him; therefore trust thou in him.
Psalms 9:16 The LORD is known [by] the judgment [which] he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah.
Psalms 97:2 Clouds and darkness [are] round about him: righteousness and judgment [are] the habitation of his throne.
Psalms 99:4 The king's strength also loveth judgment; thou dost establish equity, thou executest judgment and righteousness in Jacob.
Isaiah 30:18 And therefore will the LORD wait, that he may be gracious unto you, and therefore will he be exalted, that he may have mercy upon you: for the LORD [is] a God of judgment: blessed [are] all they that wait for him.
Jeremiah 9:24 But let him that glorieth glory in this, that he understandeth and knoweth me, that I [am] the LORD which exercise lovingkindness, judgment, and righteousness, in the earth: for in these [things] I delight, saith the LORD.
Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven, all whose works [are] truth, and his ways judgment: and those that walk in pride he is able to abase.
John 5:22 For the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:
Romans 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
Romans 2:2 But we are sure that the judgment of God is according to truth against them which commit such things.
Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
James 4:12 There is one lawgiver, who is able to save and to destroy: who art thou that judgest another?
Revelation 15:3-4 And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous [are] thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true [are] thy ways, thou King of saints. ... Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for [thou] only [art] holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

a God:

Exodus 34:6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,
Psalms 31:5 Into thine hand I commit my spirit: thou hast redeemed me, O LORD God of truth.
Psalms 98:3 He hath remembered his mercy and his truth toward the house of Israel: all the ends of the earth have seen the salvation of our God.
Psalms 100:5 For the LORD [is] good; his mercy [is] everlasting; and his truth [endureth] to all generations.
Psalms 146:6 Which made heaven, and earth, the sea, and all that therein [is]: which keepeth truth for ever:
Isaiah 25:1 O LORD, thou [art] my God; I will exalt thee, I will praise thy name; for thou hast done wonderful [things; thy] counsels of old [are] faithfulness [and] truth.
Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD [is] the true God, he [is] the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.
John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
John 1:17 For the law was given by Moses, [but] grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

without:

Job 34:10 Therefore hearken unto me, ye men of understanding: far be it from God, [that he should do] wickedness; and [from] the Almighty, [that he should commit] iniquity.
Psalms 92:15 To shew that the LORD [is] upright: [he is] my rock, and [there is] no unrighteousness in him.
Habakkuk 1:13 [Thou art] of purer eyes than to behold evil, and canst not look on iniquity: wherefore lookest thou upon them that deal treacherously, [and] holdest thy tongue when the wicked devoureth [the man that is] more righteous than he?
Romans 3:5 But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? [Is] God unrighteous who taketh vengeance? (I speak as a man)
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 1:31; 18:25. Ex 34:6. Dt 10:18; 32:18, 30. 1S 2:2. 2S 22:2, 31, 32, 47; 23:3. Jb 34:10; 35:14. Ps 9:16; 18:2, 30, 31, 46; 19:7; 31:5; 61:2; 92:15; 97:2; 98:3; 99:4; 100:5; 138:8; 146:6. Ec 3:14. Is 25:1; 26:4; 28:16; 30:18; 32:2. Jr 9:24; 10:10. Dn 4:37. Hab 1:13. Mt 5:48; 16:16. Jn 1:14, 17; 5:22; 14:6. Ro 1:32; 2:2, 5; 3:5. 1Co 10:4. Jm 1:17; 4:12. 1P 2:6. Rv 15:3.

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