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Deuteronomy 32:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: Thou art waxed fat, thou art grown thick, thou art become sleek; Then he forsook God who made him, And lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook God [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But Jeshurun grew fat and kicked— You are grown fat, thick, and sleek— Then he forsook God who made him, And scorned the Rock of his salvation.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou hast waxed fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook God [who] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then Jeshurun grew fat, and kicked—Thou art waxen fat, Thou art grown thick, And thou art covered with fatness;—He gave up +God who made him, And lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: Thou wast fat, Thou wast thick, Thou wast gorged,—So he forsook the GOD who made him, And treated as foolish his Rock of salvation.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Jeshurun waxeth fat, and doth kick: Thou hast been fat—thou hast been thick, Thou hast been covered. And he leaveth God who made him, And dishonoureth the Rock of his salvation.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The beloved grew fat, and kicked: he grew fat, and thick and gross, he forsook God who made him, and departed from God his saviour.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But Iesurun waxed fat, and kicked: Thou art waxen fat, thou art growen thicke, thou art couered [with fatnes]: then he forsooke God [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rocke of his saluation.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— So Jacob ate and was filled, and the beloved one kicked; he grew fat, he became thick and broad: then he forsook the God that made him, and departed from God his Saviour.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But Yeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook Eloah [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But Yurn יְשֻׁרוּן 3484
{3484} Prime
יְשֻׁרוּן
Y@shuruwn
{yesh-oo-roon'}
From H3474; upright; Jeshurun, a symbolical name for Israel.
waxed fat, 8080
{8080} Prime
שָׁמָן
shaman
{shaw-man'}
A primitive root; to shine, that is, (by analogy) be (causatively make) oily or gross.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and kicked: 1163
{1163} Prime
בָּעַט
ba`at
{baw-at'}
A primitive root; to trample down, that is, (figuratively) despise.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thou art waxen fat, 8080
{8080} Prime
שָׁמָן
shaman
{shaw-man'}
A primitive root; to shine, that is, (by analogy) be (causatively make) oily or gross.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thou art grown thick, 5666
{5666} Prime
עָבָה
`abah
{aw-baw'}
A primitive root; to be dense.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thou art covered 3780
{3780} Prime
כָּשָׂה
kasah
{kaw-saw'}
A primitive root; to grow fat (that is, be covered with flesh).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[with fatness]; then he forsook 5203
{5203} Prime
נָטַשׁ
natash
{naw-tash'}
A primitive root; properly to pound, that is, smite; by implication (as if beating out, and thus expanding) to disperse; also, to thrust off, down, out or upon (including reject, let alone, permit, remit, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
lh אֱלוֹהַ 433
{0433} Prime
אֱלוֹהַּ
'elowahh
{el-o'-ah}
(The second form is rare); probably prolonged (emphatically) from H0410; a deity or the deity.
[which] made 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
him, and lightly esteemed 5034
{5034} Prime
נָבֵל
nabel
{naw-bale'}
A primitive root; to wilt; generally to fall away, fail, faint; figuratively to be foolish or (morally) wicked; causatively to despise, disgrace.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
the Rock 6697
{6697} Prime
צוּר
tsuwr
{tsoor}
From H6696; properly a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally a rock or boulder; figuratively a refuge; also an edge (as precipitous).
of his salvation. 3444
{3444} Prime
יְשׁוּעָה
y@shuw`ah
{yesh-oo'-aw}
Feminine passive participle of H3467; something saved, that is, (abstractly) deliverance; hence aid, victory, prosperity.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 32:15

_ _ But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked — This is a poetical name for Israel. The metaphor here used is derived from a pampered animal, which, instead of being tame and gentle, becomes mischievous and vicious, in consequence of good living and kind treatment. So did the Israelites conduct themselves by their various acts of rebellion, murmuring, and idolatrous apostasy.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Deuteronomy 32:15-18

_ _ We have here a description of the apostasy of Israel from God, which would shortly come to pass, and to which already they had a disposition. One would have thought that a people under so many obligations to their God, in duty, gratitude, and interest, would never have turned from him; but, alas! they turned aside quickly. Here are two great instances of their wickedness, and each of them amounted to an apostasy from God: —

_ _ I. Security and sensuality, pride and insolence, and the other common abuses of plenty and prosperity, Deuteronomy 32:15. These people were called Jeshurunan upright people (so some), a seeing people, so others: but they soon lost the reputation both of their knowledge and of their righteousness; for, being well-fed, 1. They waxed fat, and grew thick, that is, they indulged themselves in all manner of luxury and gratifications of their appetites, as if they had nothing to do but to make provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts of it. They grew fat, that is, they grew big and unwieldy, unmindful of business, and unfit for it; dull and stupid, careless and senseless; and this was the effect of their plenty. Thus the prosperity of fools destroys them, Proverbs 1:32. Yet this was not the worst of it. 2. They kicked; they grew proud and insolent, and lifted up the heel even against God himself. If God rebuked them, either by his prophets or by his providence, they kicked against the goad, as an untamed heifer, or a bullock unaccustomed to the yoke, and in their rage persecuted the prophets, and flew in the face of providence itself. And thus he forsook God that made him (not paying due respect to his creator, nor answering the ends of his creation), and put an intolerable contempt upon the rock of his salvation, as if he were not indebted to him for any past favours, nor had any dependence upon him for the future. Those that make a god of themselves and a god of their bellies, in pride and wantonness, and cannot bear to be told of it, certainly thereby forsake God and show how lightly they esteem him.

_ _ II. Idolatry was the great instance of their apostasy, and which the former led them to, as it made them sick of their religion, self-willed, and fond of changes. Observe,

_ _ 1. What sort of gods they chose and offered sacrifice to, when they forsook the God that made them, Deuteronomy 32:16, Deuteronomy 32:17. This aggravated their sin that those very services which they should have done to the true God they did, (1.) To strange gods, that could not pretend to have done them any kindness, or laid them under any obligation to them, gods that they had no knowledge of, nor could expect any benefit by, for they were strangers. Or they are called strange gods, because they were other than the one only true God, to whom they were betrothed and ought to have been faithful. (2.) To new gods, that came newly up; for even in religion, the antiquity of which is one of its honours, vain minds have strangely affected novelty, and, in contempt of the Ancient of days, have been fond of new gods. A new god! can there be a more monstrous absurdity? Would we find the right way to rest, we must ask for the good old way, Jeremiah 6:16. It was true their fathers had worshipped other gods (Joshua 24:2), and perhaps it had been some little excuse if the children had returned to them; but to serve new gods whom their fathers feared not, and to like them the better for being new, was to open a door to endless idolatries. (3.) They were such as were no gods at all, but mere counterfeits and pretenders; their names the invention of men's fancies, and their images the work of men's hands. Nay, (4.) They were devils. So far from being gods, fathers and benefactors to mankind, they really were destroyers (so the word signifies), such as aimed to do mischief. If there were any spirits or invisible powers that possessed their idol-temples and images, they were evil spirits and malignant powers, whom yet they did not need to worship for fear they should hurt them, as they say the Indians do; for those that faithfully worship God are out of the devil's reach: nay, the devil can destroy those only that sacrifice to him. How mad are idolaters, who forsake the rock of salvation to run themselves upon the rock of perdition!

_ _ 2. What a great affront this was to Jehovah their God. (1.) It was justly interpreted a forgetting of him (Deuteronomy 32:18): Of the Rock that begat thee thou art unmindful. Mindfulness of God would prevent sin, but, when the world is served and the flesh indulged, God is forgotten; and can any thing be more base and unworthy than to forget the God that is the author of our being, by whom we subsist, and in whom we live and move? And see what comes of it, Isaiah 17:10, Isaiah 17:11, Because thou hast forgotten the God of thy salvation, and hast not been mindful of the Rock of thy strength, though the strange slips be pleasant plants at first, yet the harvest at last will be a heap in the day of grief and of desperate sorrow. There is nothing got by forgetting God. (2.) It was justly resented as an inexcusable offence: They provoked him to jealousy and to anger (Deuteronomy 32:16), for their idols were abominations to him. See here God's displeasure against idols, whether they be set up in the heart or in the sanctuary. [1.] He is jealous of them, as rivals with him for the throne in the heart. [2.] He hates them, as enemies to his crown and government. [3.] He is, and will be, very angry with those that have any respect or affection for them. Those consider not what they do that provoke God; for who knows the power of his anger?

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 32:15

Jeshurun — Israel whom he calls right or upright, (as the word signifies) partly by way of instruction to mind them what they professed and ought to be; and partly by way of exprobration, to shew them what a shame it was to degenerate so much from their name and profession. Kicked — As well fed cattle use to do: he grew insolent and rebellious against God and against his word and spirit.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Deuteronomy 32:15

(i) But Jeshurun waxed fat, and kicked: thou art waxen fat, thou art grown thick, thou art covered [with fatness]; then he forsook God [which] made him, and lightly esteemed the Rock of his salvation.

(i) He shows what is the principal end of our vocation.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Jeshurun:

Deuteronomy 33:5 And he was king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the people [and] the tribes of Israel were gathered together.
Deuteronomy 33:26 [There is] none like unto the God of Jeshurun, [who] rideth upon the heaven in thy help, and in his excellency on the sky.
Isaiah 44:2 Thus saith the LORD that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, [which] will help thee; Fear not, O Jacob, my servant; and thou, Jesurun, whom I have chosen.

kicked:

1 Samuel 2:29 Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded [in my] habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?
Acts 9:5 And he said, Who art thou, Lord? And the Lord said, I am Jesus whom thou persecutest: [it is] hard for thee to kick against the pricks.

waxen fat:

Deuteronomy 31:20 For when I shall have brought them into the land which I sware unto their fathers, that floweth with milk and honey; and they shall have eaten and filled themselves, and waxen fat; then will they turn unto other gods, and serve them, and provoke me, and break my covenant.
Job 15:27 Because he covereth his face with his fatness, and maketh collops of fat on [his] flanks.
Psalms 17:10 They are inclosed in their own fat: with their mouth they speak proudly.
Psalms 73:7 Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish.
Psalms 119:70 Their heart is as fat as grease; [but] I delight in thy law.
Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
Acts 28:27 For the heart of this people is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed; lest they should see with [their] eyes, and hear with [their] ears, and understand with [their] heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
Romans 2:4-5 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering; not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance? ... But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;

then he:

Deuteronomy 6:10-12 And it shall be, when the LORD thy God shall have brought thee into the land which he sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give thee great and goodly cities, which thou buildedst not, ... [Then] beware lest thou forget the LORD, which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage.
Deuteronomy 8:10-14 When thou hast eaten and art full, then thou shalt bless the LORD thy God for the good land which he hath given thee. ... Then thine heart be lifted up, and thou forget the LORD thy God, which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage;
Deuteronomy 31:16 And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, whither they go [to be] among them, and will forsake me, and break my covenant which I have made with them.
Deuteronomy 31:20 For when I shall have brought them into the land which I sware unto their fathers, that floweth with milk and honey; and they shall have eaten and filled themselves, and waxen fat; then will they turn unto other gods, and serve them, and provoke me, and break my covenant.
Nehemiah 9:25 And they took strong cities, and a fat land, and possessed houses full of all goods, wells digged, vineyards, and oliveyards, and fruit trees in abundance: so they did eat, and were filled, and became fat, and delighted themselves in thy great goodness.
Isaiah 1:4 Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken the LORD, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.
Jeremiah 2:5 Thus saith the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in me, that they are gone far from me, and have walked after vanity, and are become vain?
Jeremiah 5:7 How shall I pardon thee for this? thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by [them that are] no gods: when I had fed them to the full, they then committed adultery, and assembled themselves by troops in the harlots' houses.
Jeremiah 5:28 They are waxen fat, they shine: yea, they overpass the deeds of the wicked: they judge not the cause, the cause of the fatherless, yet they prosper; and the right of the needy do they not judge.
Hosea 13:6 According to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their heart was exalted; therefore have they forgotten me.

the Rock:

Deuteronomy 32:4 [He is] the Rock, his work [is] perfect: for all his ways [are] judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right [is] he.
2 Samuel 22:47 The LORD liveth; and blessed [be] my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.
Psalms 18:46 The LORD liveth; and blessed [be] my rock; and let the God of my salvation be exalted.
Psalms 89:26 He shall cry unto me, Thou [art] my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.
Psalms 95:1 O come, let us sing unto the LORD: let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation.
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Dt 6:10; 8:10; 31:16, 20; 32:4; 33:5, 26. 1S 2:29. 2S 22:47. Ne 9:25. Jb 15:27. Ps 17:10; 18:46; 73:7; 89:26; 95:1; 119:70. Is 1:4; 6:10; 44:2. Jr 2:5; 5:7, 28. Ho 13:6. Ac 9:5; 28:27. Ro 2:4.

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