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Deuteronomy 3:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— (For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of the Rephaim; behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbah of the children of Ammon? nine cubits was the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.)
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedstead [was] a bedstead of iron; [is] it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits [was] the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— (For only Og king of Bashan was left of the remnant of the Rephaim. Behold, his bedstead was an iron bedstead; it is in Rabbah of the sons of Ammon. Its length was nine cubits and its width four cubits by ordinary cubit.)
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedstead [was] a bedstead of iron; [is] it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits [was] the length of it, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For only Og the king of Bashan remained of the residue of giants: behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbah of the children of Ammon? its length was nine cubits, and its breadth four cubits, after the cubit of a man.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For, only Og, king of Bashan, was left remaining of the remnant of the giants, lo! his bedstead, was a bedstead of iron, is not, the same, in Rabbath, of the sons of Ammon? nine cubits, the length thereof, and, four cubits, the breadth thereof, by the fore-arm of a man.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for only Og king of Bashan had been left of the remnant of the Rephaim; lo, his bedstead [is] a bedstead of iron; is it not in Rabbath of the sons of Ammon? nine cubits its length, and four cubits its breadth, by the cubit of a man.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For only Og king of Basan remained of the race of the giants. His bed of iron is shewn, which is in Rabbath of the children of Ammon, being nine cubits long, and four broad after the measure of the cubit of a man's hand.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For onely Og King of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedsted was a bedsted of yron: is it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? Nine cubites was the length thereof, and foure cubites the breadth of it, after the cubite of a man.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For only Og the king of Bashan{gr.Basan} was left of the giants{gr.Raphain}: behold, his bed [was] a bed of iron; behold, [it is] in the chief city of the children of Ammon; the length of it [is] nine cubits, and the breadth of it four cubits, according to the cubit of a man.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedstead [was] a bedstead of iron; [is] it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits [was] the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
only x7535
(7535) Complement
רַק
raq
{rak}
The same as H7534 as a noun; properly leanness, that is, (figuratively) limitation; only adverbially merely, or conjugationally although.
`q עוֹג 5747
{5747} Prime
עוֹג
`Owg
{ogue}
Probably from H5746; round; Og, a king of Bashan.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Bn בָּשָׁן 1316
{1316} Prime
בָּשָׁן
Bashan
{baw-shawn'}
Of uncertain derivation; Bashan (often with the article), a region East of the Jordan.
remained 7604
{7604} Prime
שָׁאַר
sha'ar
{shaw-ar'}
A primitive root; properly to swell up, that is, be (causatively make) redundant.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
of the remnant 3499
{3499} Prime
יֶתֶר
yether
{yeh'-ther}
Properly an overhanging, that is, (by implication) an excess, superiority, remainder; also a small rope (as hanging free).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of giants; 7497
{7497} Prime
רָפָא
rapha'
{raw-faw'}
From H7495 in the sense of invigorating; a giant.
behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
his bedstead 6210
{6210} Prime
עֶרֶשׂ
`eres
{eh'-res}
From an unused root meaning perhaps to arch; a couch (properly with a canopy).
[was] a bedstead 6210
{6210} Prime
עֶרֶשׂ
`eres
{eh'-res}
From an unused root meaning perhaps to arch; a couch (properly with a canopy).
of iron; 1270
{1270} Prime
בַּרְזֶל
barzel
{bar-zel'}
Perhaps from the root of H1269; iron (as cutting); by extension an iron implement.
[is] it x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
not 3808
{3808} Prime
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
in Rabba רַבַּת 7237
{7237} Prime
רַבָּה
Rabbah
{rab-baw'}
Feminine of H7227; great; Rabbah, the name of two places in Palestine, East and West.
of the children 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of `Ammn עַמּוֹן? 5983
{5983} Prime
עַמּוֹן
`Ammown
{am-mone'}
From H5971; tribal, that is, inbred; Ammon, a son of Lot; also his posterity and their country.
nine 8672
{8672} Prime
תֵּשַׁע
tesha`
{tay'-shah}
The second form is the masculine of the first; perhaps from H8159 through the idea of a turn to the next or full number ten; nine or (ordinal) ninth.
cubits 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
[was] the length 753
{0753} Prime
אֹרֶךְ
'orek
{o'-rek}
From H0748; length.
thereof, and four 702
{0702} Prime
אַרְבַּע
'arba`
{ar-bah'}
The second form is the masculine form; from H7251; four.
cubits 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
the breadth 7341
{7341} Prime
רֹחַב
rochab
{ro'-khab}
From H7337; width (literally or figuratively).
of it, after the cubit 520
{0520} Prime
אַמָּה
'ammah
{am-maw'}
Prolonged from H0517; properly a mother (that is, unit) of measure, or the forearm (below the elbow), that is, a cubit; also a door base (as a bond of the entrance).
of a man. 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 3:11

_ _ only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants — literally, “of Rephaim.” He was not the last giant, but the only living remnant in the trans-jordanic country (Joshua 15:14), of a certain gigantic race, supposed to be the most ancient inhabitants of Palestine.

_ _ behold, his bedstead was a bedstead of iron — Although beds in the East are with the common people nothing more than a simple mattress, bedsteads are not unknown. They are in use among the great, who prefer them of iron or other metals, not only for strength and durability, but for the prevention of the troublesome insects which in warm climates commonly infest wood. Taking the cubit at half a yard, the bedstead of Og would measure thirteen and a half feet, so that as beds are usually a little larger than the persons who occupy them, the stature of the Amorite king may be estimated at about eleven or twelve feet; or he might have caused his bed to be made much larger than was necessary, as Alexander the Great did for each of his foot soldiers, to impress the Indians with an idea of the extraordinary strength and stature of his men [Le Clerc]. But how did Og’s bedstead come to be in Rabbath, of the children of Ammon? In answer to this question, it has been said, that Og had, on the eve of engagement, conveyed it to Rabbath for safety. Or it may be that Moses, after capturing it, may have sold it to the Ammonites, who had kept it as an antiquarian curiosity till their capital was sacked in the time of David. This is a most unlikely supposition, and besides renders it necessary to consider the latter clause of this verse as an interpolation inserted long after the time of Moses. To avoid this, some eminent critics take the Hebrew word rendered “bedstead” to mean “coffin.” They think that the king of Bashan having been wounded in battle, fled to Rabbath, where he died and was buried; hence the dimensions of his “coffin” are given [Dathe, Roos].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 3:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 3:11

In Rabbath — Where it might now be, either because the Ammonites in some former battle with Og, had taken it as a spoil: or because after Og's death, the Ammonites desired to have this monument of his greatness, and the Israelites permitted them to carry it away to their chief city. Nine cubits — So his bed was four yards and an half long, and two yards broad.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Deuteronomy 3:11

For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his (d) bedstead [was] a bedstead of iron; [is] it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits [was] the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.

(d) The more terrible this giant was, the greater reason they had to glorify God for the victory.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
giants:

Genesis 14:5 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that [were] with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,

Rabbath:

2 Samuel 12:26 And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.
Jeremiah 49:2 Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard in Rabbah of the Ammonites; and it shall be a desolate heap, and her daughters shall be burned with fire: then shall Israel be heir unto them that were his heirs, saith the LORD.
Ezekiel 21:20 Appoint a way, that the sword may come to Rabbath of the Ammonites, and to Judah in Jerusalem the defenced.
Amos 1:14 But I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it shall devour the palaces thereof, with shouting in the day of battle, with a tempest in the day of the whirlwind:
, Rabbah

nine cubits:

1 Samuel 17:4 And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height [was] six cubits and a span.
Amos 2:9 Yet destroyed I the Amorite before them, whose height [was] like the height of the cedars, and he [was] strong as the oaks; yet I destroyed his fruit from above, and his roots from beneath.
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Gn 14:5. 1S 17:4. 2S 12:26. Jr 49:2. Ezk 21:20. Am 1:14; 2:9.

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