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Deuteronomy 25:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Forty stripes he may give him, he shall not exceed; lest, if he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Forty stripes he may give him, [and] not exceed: lest, [if] he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He may beat him forty times [but] no more, so that he does not beat him with many more stripes than these and your brother is not degraded in your eyes.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Forty stripes he may give him, [and] not exceed: lest [if] he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile to thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— With forty [stripes] shall they beat him; they shall not exceed, lest, if they continue to beat him with many stripes above these, thy brother become despicable in thine eyes.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— forty stripes, may he give him, not going beyond,—lest, if he do go beyond, to smite him above these, with many stripes, then should thy brother be of no account in thine eyes.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— forty [times] he doth smite him—he is not adding, lest, he is adding to smite him above these—many stripes, and thy brother is lightly esteemed in thine eyes.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Yet so, that they exceed not the number of forty: lest thy brother depart shamefully torn before thy eyes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Fourtie stripes he may giue him, and not exceed: lest [if] he should exceede, and beate him aboue these, with many stripes, then thy brother should seeme vile vnto thee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they shall scourge him with forty stripes in number, they shall not inflict more; for if thou shouldest scourge him [with] more stripes beyond these stripes, thy brother will be disgraced before thee.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Forty stripes he may give him, [and] not exceed: lest, [if] he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Forty 705
{0705} Prime
אַרְבָּעִים
'arba`iym
{ar-baw-eem'}
Multiple of H0702; forty.
stripes y5221
[5221] Standard
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
he may give x5221
(5221) Complement
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
him, [and] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
exceed: 3254
{3254} Prime
יָסַף
yacaph
{yaw-saf'}
A primitive root; to add or augment (often adverbially to continue to do a thing).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
lest, x6435
(6435) Complement
פֵּן
pen
{pane}
From H6437; properly removal; used only (in the constructive) adverbially as conjugation lest.
[if] he should exceed, 3254
{3254} Prime
יָסַף
yacaph
{yaw-saf'}
A primitive root; to add or augment (often adverbially to continue to do a thing).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
and beat 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
him above x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
these x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
with many 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
stripes, 4347
{4347} Prime
מַכָּה
makkah
{mak-kaw'}
(Plural only) from H5221; a blow (in 2 Chronicles 2:10, of the flail); by implication a wound; figuratively carnage, also pestilence.
then thy brother 251
{0251} Prime
אָח
'ach
{awkh}
A primitive word; a brother (used in the widest sense of literal relationship and metaphorical affinity or resemblance (like H0001)).
should seem vile 7034
{7034} Prime
קָלָה
qalah
{kaw-law'}
A primitive root; to be light (as implied in rapid motion), but figuratively only (be (causatively hold) in contempt).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
y5869
[5869] Standard
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
unto x5869
(5869) Complement
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 25:2-3.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 25:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 25:3

Forty stripes — It seems not superstition, but prudent caution, when the Jews would not exceed thirty — nine stripes, lest through mistake or forgetfulness they should go beyond their bounds, which they were commanded to keep. Should seem vile — Should be made contemptible to his brethren, either by this cruel usage of him, as if he were a brute beast: or by the deformity or infirmity of body which excessive beating might produce.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Deuteronomy 25:3

(c) Forty stripes he may give him, [and] not exceed: lest, [if] he should exceed, and beat him above these with many stripes, then thy brother should seem vile unto thee.

(c) The superstition Jews later removed one, (2 Corinthians 11:24).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
not exceed:

2 Corinthians 11:24-25 Of the Jews five times received I forty [stripes] save one. ... Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep;

vile unto thee:
That is, be beaten so cruelly, that, by retaining the marks, he become contemptible in the eyes of his brethren. Amendment, and not this, was the object of the punishment. We should hate and despise the sin, but not the sinner.
Job 18:3 Wherefore are we counted as beasts, [and] reputed vile in your sight?
Luke 15:30 But as soon as this thy son was come, which hath devoured thy living with harlots, thou hast killed for him the fatted calf.
Luke 18:9-12 And he spake this parable unto certain which trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others: ... I fast twice in the week, I give tithes of all that I possess.
James 2:2-3 For if there come unto your assembly a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile raiment; ... And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 18:3. Lk 15:30; 18:9. 2Co 11:24. Jm 2:2.

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