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Deuteronomy 24:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— No man shall take the mill or the upper millstone to pledge; for he taketh [a man's] life to pledge.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh [a man's] life to pledge.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “No one shall take a handmill or an upper millstone in pledge, for he would be taking a life in pledge.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone for a pledge: for he taketh [a man's] life for a pledge.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— No man shall take the hand-mill or the upper millstone in pledge; for it would be taking life in pledge.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— No man shall take in pledge a handmill, or an upper millstone,—for he would be taking, life, in pledge.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'None doth take in pledge millstones, and rider, for life it [is] he is taking in pledge.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt not take the nether, nor the upper millstone to pledge: for he hath pledged his life to thee.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— No man shall take the nether or the vpper milstone to pledge: for hee taketh [a mans] life to pledge.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou shalt not take for a pledge the under millstone, nor the upper millstone; for he who does so takes life for a pledge.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh [a man's] life to pledge.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
No x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
man shall take 2254
{2254} Prime
חָבַל
chabal
{khaw-bal'}
A primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), that is, to bind; specifically by a pledge; figuratively to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
the nether 7347
{7347} Prime
רֶחֶה
recheh
{ray-kheh'}
From an unused root meaning to pulverize; a mill stone.
or the upper x7393
(7393) Complement
רֶכֶב
rekeb
{reh'-keb}
From H7392; a vehicle; by implication a team; by extension cavalry; by analogy a rider, that is, the upper millstone.
millstone y7393
[7393] Standard
רֶכֶב
rekeb
{reh'-keb}
From H7392; a vehicle; by implication a team; by extension cavalry; by analogy a rider, that is, the upper millstone.
x7347
(7347) Complement
רֶחֶה
recheh
{ray-kheh'}
From an unused root meaning to pulverize; a mill stone.
to pledge: 2254
{2254} Prime
חָבַל
chabal
{khaw-bal'}
A primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), that is, to bind; specifically by a pledge; figuratively to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
taketh 2254
{2254} Prime
חָבַל
chabal
{khaw-bal'}
A primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), that is, to bind; specifically by a pledge; figuratively to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
[a man's] life 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
to pledge. 2254
{2254} Prime
חָבַל
chabal
{khaw-bal'}
A primitive root; to wind tightly (as a rope), that is, to bind; specifically by a pledge; figuratively to pervert, destroy; also to writhe in pain (especially of parturition).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 24:6

_ _ No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge — The “upper” stone being concave, covers the “nether” like a lid; and it has a small aperture, through which the corn is poured, as well as a handle by which it is turned. The propriety of the law was founded on the custom of grinding corn every morning for daily consumption. If either of the stones, therefore, which composed the handmill was wanting, a person would be deprived of his necessary provision.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 24:5-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 24:6

Mill — stone — Used in their hand — mills. Under this, he understands all other things necessary to get a livelihood, the taking away whereof is against the laws both of charity and prudence, seeing by those things alone he can be enabled both to subsist and to pay his debts. Life — His livelihood, the necessary support of his life.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Deuteronomy 24:6

No man shall take the nether or the upper (d) millstone to pledge: for he taketh [a man's] life to pledge.

(d) Not anything by which a man gets his living.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall take:
Small hand-mills, which ground at one time only a sufficient quantity for a day's consumption; hence they were forbidden to take either of the stones to pledge, because if they did, they would be deprived of the means of preparing their necessary food, and the family be without bread. On this account they are called in the text, a man's life. The same reason holds good against receiving in pledge, or distraining for debt, any instrument of labour, by which men earn their livelihood.
Exodus 22:26-27 If thou at all take thy neighbour's raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down: ... For that [is] his covering only, it [is] his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I [am] gracious.
Revelation 18:22 And the voice of harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft [he be], shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee;

life:

Deuteronomy 20:19 When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing an axe against them: for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down (for the tree of the field [is] man's [life]) to employ [them] in the siege:
Genesis 44:30 Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad [be] not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's life;
Luke 12:15 And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.
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Gn 44:30. Ex 22:26. Dt 20:19. Lk 12:15. Rv 18:22.

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