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Deuteronomy 24:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— in his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto Jehovah, and it be sin unto thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— At his day thou shalt give [him] his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he [is] poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall give him his wages on his day before the sun sets, for he is poor and sets his heart on it; so that he will not cry against you to the LORD and it become sin in you.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— At his day thou shalt give [him] his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it, for he [is] poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he should cry against thee to the LORD, and it be sin to thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— on his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and his soul yearneth after it; lest he cry against thee to Jehovah, and it be a sin in thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— for his day, shalt thou give his hire, neither shall the sun, go in upon it, for, poor, he is, and, unto it, is he lifting up his soul,—lest he cry out against thee, unto Yahweh, and it be, in thee, a sin.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— in his day thou dost give his hire, and the sun doth not go in upon it, for he [is] poor, and unto it he is lifting up his soul, and he doth not cry against thee unto Jehovah, and it hath been in thee—sin.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But thou shalt pay him the price of his labour the same day, before the going down of the sun, because he is poor, and with it maintaineth his life: lest he cry against thee to the Lord, and it be reputed to thee for a sin.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— At his day thou shalt giue [him] his hire, neither shall the Sun goe downe vpon it, for he is poore, and setteth his heart vpon it, lest hee crie against thee vnto the LORD, and it bee sinne vnto thee.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou shalt pay him his wages the same day, the sun shall not go down upon it, because he is poor and he trusts in it; and he shall cry against thee to the Lord, and it shall be sin in thee.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— At his day thou shalt give [him] his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he [is] poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto Yahweh, and it be sin unto thee.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
At his day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
thou shalt give 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[him] his hire, 7939
{7939} Prime
שָׂכָר
sakar
{saw-kawr'}
From H7986; payment of contract; concretely salary, fare, maintenance; by implication compensation, benefit.
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
shall the sun 8121
{8121} Prime
שֶׁמֶשׁ
shemesh
{sheh'-mesh}
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
go down 935
{0935} Prime
בּוֹא
bow'
{bo}
A primitive root; to go or come (in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
it; for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
he x1931
(1931) Complement
הוּא
huw'
{hoo}
The second form is the feminine beyond the Pentateuch; a primitive word, the third person pronoun singular, he (she or it); only expressed when emphatic or without a verb; also (intensively) self, or (especially with the article) the same; sometimes (as demonstrative) this or that; occasionally (instead of copula) as or are.
[is] poor, 6041
{6041} Prime
עָנִי
`aniy
{aw-nee'}
From H6031; depressed, in mind or circumstances (practically the same as H6035 subjectively and H6041 objectively).
and setteth 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his heart 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
upon x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
it: lest x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
he cry 7121
{7121} Prime
קָרָא
qara'
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thee unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and it be x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
sin 2399
{2399} Prime
חֵטְא
chet'
{khate}
From H2398; a crime or its penalty.
unto thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 24:14-15.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 24:14-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 24:15

At this day — At the time appointed, weekly or daily.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
At his:

Leviticus 19:13 Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob [him]: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.
Proverbs 3:27-28 Withhold not good from them to whom it is due, when it is in the power of thine hand to do [it]. ... Say not unto thy neighbour, Go, and come again, and to morrow I will give; when thou hast it by thee.
Jeremiah 22:13 Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; [that] useth his neighbour's service without wages, and giveth him not for his work;
Matthew 20:8 So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them [their] hire, beginning from the last unto the first.
Mark 10:19 Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother.
James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.

setteth his heart upon it:
Heb. lifteth his soul unto it,
Psalms 24:4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.
Psalms 25:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Unto thee, O LORD, do I lift up my soul.
Psalms 86:4 Rejoice the soul of thy servant: for unto thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul.

lest he:

Deuteronomy 15:9 Beware that there be not a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand; and thine eye be evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest him nought; and he cry unto the LORD against thee, and it be sin unto thee.
Exodus 22:23-24 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry; ... And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.
Job 31:38 If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain;
Job 34:28 So that they cause the cry of the poor to come unto him, and he heareth the cry of the afflicted.
Job 35:9 By reason of the multitude of oppressions they make [the oppressed] to cry: they cry out by reason of the arm of the mighty.
Proverbs 22:22-23 Rob not the poor, because he [is] poor: neither oppress the afflicted in the gate: ... For the LORD will plead their cause, and spoil the soul of those that spoiled them.
Proverbs 23:10-11 Remove not the old landmark; and enter not into the fields of the fatherless: ... For their redeemer [is] mighty; he shall plead their cause with thee.
Isaiah 5:7 For the vineyard of the LORD of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the men of Judah his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry.
James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 22:23. Lv 19:13. Dt 15:9. Jb 31:38; 34:28; 35:9. Ps 24:4; 25:1; 86:4. Pv 3:27; 22:22; 23:10. Is 5:7. Jr 22:13. Mt 20:8. Mk 10:19. Jm 5:4.

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