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Deuteronomy 22:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— A man shall not take his father's wife, and shall not uncover his father's skirt.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— A man shall not take his father's wife, nor discover his father's skirt.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “A man shall not take his father’s wife so that he will not uncover his father’s skirt.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— A man shall not take his father's wife, nor discover his father's skirt.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— A man shall not take his father's wife, nor uncover his father's skirt.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A man shall not take his father's wife,—neither shall he turn aside his father's coverlet.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'A man doth not take his father's wife, nor uncover his father's skirt.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— No man shall take his father's wife, nor remove his covering.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— A man shall not take his fathers wife, nor discouer his fathers skirt.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A man shall not take his father's wife, and shall not uncover his father's skirt.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— A man shall not take his father's wife, nor discover his father's skirt.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
A man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
take 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his father's 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
wife, 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
discover 1540
{1540} Prime
גָּלַה
galah
{gaw-law'}
A primitive root; to denude (especially in a disgraceful sense); by implication to exile (captives being usually stripped); figuratively to reveal.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
his father's 1
{0001} Prime
אָב
'ab
{awb}
A primitive word; father in a literal and immediate, or figurative and remote application.
skirt. 3671
{3671} Prime
כָּנָף
kanaph
{kaw-nawf'}
From H3670; an edge or extremity; specifically (of a bird or army) a wing, (of a garment or bed clothing) a flap, (of the earth) a quarter, (of a building) a pinnacle.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 22:13-30.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 22:13-30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 22:30

Take — To wife. So this respects the state, and the next branch speaks of the act only.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Deuteronomy 22:30

A man shall not (l) take his father's wife, nor discover his father's skirt.

(l) He shall not lie with his stepmother, meaning by this all other variations forbidden in (Lev. 18:1-30).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a man shall:
This is to be understood as referring to the case of a stepmother. A man in his old age may have married a young woman, and on his dying, his son by another, or a former wife, may desire to espouse her; which is here forbidden.
Deuteronomy 27:20 Cursed [be] he that lieth with his father's wife; because he uncovereth his father's skirt. And all the people shall say, Amen.
Leviticus 18:8 The nakedness of thy father's wife shalt thou not uncover: it [is] thy father's nakedness.
Leviticus 20:11 And the man that lieth with his father's wife hath uncovered his father's nakedness: both of them shall surely be put to death; their blood [shall be] upon them.
1 Corinthians 5:1 It is reported commonly [that there is] fornication among you, and such fornication as is not so much as named among the Gentiles, that one should have his father's wife.
1 Corinthians 5:13 But them that are without God judgeth. Therefore put away from among yourselves that wicked person.

discover:

Ruth 3:9 And he said, Who [art] thou? And she answered, I [am] Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou [art] a near kinsman.
Ezekiel 16:8 Now when I passed by thee, and looked upon thee, behold, thy time [was] the time of love; and I spread my skirt over thee, and covered thy nakedness: yea, I sware unto thee, and entered into a covenant with thee, saith the Lord GOD, and thou becamest mine.
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Lv 18:8; 20:11. Dt 27:20. Ru 3:9. Ezk 16:8. 1Co 5:1, 13.

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