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Deuteronomy 22:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou shalt not plow with an ox and an ass together.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou shalt not plow with an ox and an ass together.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall not plow with an ox and a donkey together.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou shalt not plow with an ox and an ass together.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou shalt not plough with an ox and an ass together.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou shalt not plough with an ox and an ass, together.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Thou dost not plow with an ox and with an ass together.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt not plough with an ox and an ass together.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou shalt not plow with an oxe and an asse together.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou shalt not plough with an ox and an ass together.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou shalt not plow with an ox and an ass together.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou shalt not x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
plow 2790
{2790} Prime
A primitive root; to scratch, that is, (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
with an ox 7794
{7794} Prime
From H7788; a bullock (as a traveller). wall used by mistake for H7791.
and an ass 2543
{2543} Prime
From H2560; a male ass (from its dun red).
together. 3162
{3162} Prime
From H3161; properly a unit, that is, (adverbially) unitedly.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 22:10

_ _ Thou shalt not plough with an ox and an ass together — Whether this association, like the mixture of seeds, had been dictated by superstitious motives and the prohibition was symbolical, designed to teach a moral lesson (2 Corinthians 6:14), may or may not have been the case. But the prohibition prevented a great inhumanity still occasionally practiced by the poorer sort in Oriental countries. An ox and ass, being of different species and of very different characters, cannot associate comfortably, nor unite cheerfully in drawing a plough or a wagon. The ass being much smaller and his step shorter, there would be an unequal and irregular draft. Besides, the ass, from feeding on coarse and poisonous weeds, has a fetid breath, which its yoke fellow seeks to avoid, not only as poisonous and offensive, but producing leanness, or, if long continued, death; and hence, it has been observed always to hold away its head from the ass and to pull only with one shoulder.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 22:5-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 22:10

An ox and an ass — Because the one was a clean beast, the other unclean whereby God would teach men to avoid polluting themselves by the touch of unclean persons or things.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Two different species cannot associate comfortably together, nor pull pleasantly either in cart or plough; and the ass being lower than the ox, when yoked, he must bear the principal part of the weight.
2 Corinthians 6:14-16 Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness? ... And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in [them]; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.
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