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Deuteronomy 2:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and the Avvim, that dwelt in villages as far as Gaza, the Caphtorim, that came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, [even] unto Azzah, the Caphtorims, which came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And the Avvim, who lived in villages as far as Gaza, the Caphtorim who came from Caphtor, destroyed them and lived in their place.)
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the Avims who dwelt in Hazerim [even] to Azzah, the Caphtorims, who came forth from Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the Avvites who dwelt in the hamlets as far as Gazah—the Caphtorim, who came out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The Avvim also, who dwelt in settlements as far as Gaza, Caphtorim, who were coming forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'As to the Avim who are dwelling in Hazerim unto Azzah, the Caphtorim—who are coming out from Caphtor—have destroyed them, and dwell in their stead.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The Hevites also, that dwelt in Haserim as far as Gaza, were expelled by the Cappadocians: who came out of Cappadocia, and destroyed them and dwelt in their stead.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the Auims which dwelt in Hazerim, euen vnto Azzah, the Caphtorims which came foorth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the Hivites{gr.Evites} who dwell in Ashdod{gr.Asedoth} to Gaza, and the Cappadocians who came out of Cappadocia, destroyed them, and dwelt in their room.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And the Awwim which dwelt in Chatzerim, [even] unto Azzah, the Kaftorim, which came forth out of Kaftor, destroyed them, and dwelt in their stead.)

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And the `Awwm עַוִּים y5761
[5761] Standard
עַוִּים
`Avviym
{av-veem'}
Plural of H5757; Avvim (as inhabited by Avvites), a place in Palestine (with the article prefixed).
x5757
(5757) Complement
עַוִּי
`Avviy
{av-vee'}
Patrial from H5755; an Avvite or native of Avvah (only plural).
which dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in xrm חֲצֵרִים, 2699
{2699} Prime
חֲצֵרִים
Chatseriym
{khats-ay-reem'}
Plural masculine of H2691; yards; Chatserim, a place in Palestine.
[even] unto x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
`Azz עַזָּה, 5804
{5804} Prime
עַזָּה
`Azzah
{az-zaw'}
Feminine of H5794; strong; Azzah, a place in Palestine.
the Caftrm כַּפתֹּרִים, 3732
{3732} Prime
כַּפְתֹּרִי
Kaphtoriy
{kaf-to-ree'}
Patrial from H3731; a Caphtorite (collectively) or native of Caphtor.
which came forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
out of Caftr כַּפתּוֹר, 3731
{3731} Prime
כַּפְתֹּר
Kaphtor
{kaf-tore'}
Apparently the same as H3730; Caphtor (that is, a wreath shaped island), the original seat of the Philistines.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
destroyed 8045
{8045} Prime
שָׁמַד
shamad
{shaw-mad'}
A primitive root; to desolate.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
them, and dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
in their stead.) x8478
(8478) Complement
תַּחַת
tachath
{takh'-ath}
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 2:19-37.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 2:8-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 2:23

The Caphtorim — A people a — kin to the Philistines, Genesis 10:14, and confederate with them in this enterprize, and so dwelling together, and by degrees uniting together by marriages, they became one people. Caphtor — Which is by the learned thought to be Cappadocia: whither these people might make an expedition out of Egypt, either because of the report of the great riches of part of that country which drew others thither from places equally remote, or for some other reason now unknown.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the Avims:

Joshua 13:3 From Sihor, which [is] before Egypt, even unto the borders of Ekron northward, [which] is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites:
, Avites

Azzah:

1 Kings 4:24 For he had dominion over all [the region] on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him.
Jeremiah 25:20 And all the mingled people, and all the kings of the land of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,
Zephaniah 2:4 For Gaza shall be forsaken, and Ashkelon a desolation: they shall drive out Ashdod at the noon day, and Ekron shall be rooted up.
Zechariah 9:5 Ashkelon shall see [it], and fear; Gaza also [shall see it], and be very sorrowful, and Ekron; for her expectation shall be ashamed; and the king shall perish from Gaza, and Ashkelon shall not be inhabited.
, Gaza

the Caphtorims which came:

Genesis 10:14 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.
Jeremiah 47:4 Because of the day that cometh to spoil all the Philistines, [and] to cut off from Tyrus and Zidon every helper that remaineth: for the LORD will spoil the Philistines, the remnant of the country of Caphtor.
Amos 9:7 [Are] ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir?
Acts 17:26 And hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 10:14. Jsh 13:3. 1K 4:24. Jr 25:20; 47:4. Am 9:7. Zp 2:4. Zc 9:5. Ac 17:26.

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