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Deuteronomy 17:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He shall not multiply wives for himself, or else his heart will turn away; nor shall he greatly increase silver and gold for himself.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart may turn not away: neither shall he greatly accumulate to himself silver and gold.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away; neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Neither shall he multiply to himself wives, that his heart turn not aside,—nor, silver and gold, shall he multiply to himself, greatly.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he doth not multiply to himself wives, and his heart doth not turn aside, and silver and gold he doth not multiply to himself—exceedingly.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He shall not have many wives, that may allure his mind, nor immense sums of silver and gold.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Neither shall he multiply wiues to himselfe, that his heart turne not away: neither shall hee greatly multiply to himselfe siluer and gold.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he shall not multiply to himself wives, lest his heart turn away; and he shall not greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
shall he multiply 7235
{7235} Prime
רָבָה
rabah
{raw-baw'}
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
wives 802
{0802} Prime
אִשָּׁה
'ishshah
{ish-shaw'}
The first form is the feminine of H0376 or H0582; the second form is an irregular plural; a woman (used in the same wide sense as H0582).
to himself, that his heart 3824
{3824} Prime
לֵבָב
lebab
{lay-bawb'}
From H3823; the heart (as the most interior organ); used also like H3820.
turn y5493
[5493] Standard
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
not away: x5493
(5493) Complement
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
shall he greatly 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
multiply 7235
{7235} Prime
רָבָה
rabah
{raw-baw'}
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
to himself silver 3701
{3701} Prime
כֶּסֶף
keceph
{keh'-sef}
From H3700; silver (from its pale color); by implication money.
and gold. 2091
{2091} Prime
זָהָב
zahab
{zaw-hawb'}
From an unused root meaning to shimmer; gold; figuratively something gold colored (that is, yellow), as oil, a clear sky.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 17:17

_ _ Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away — There were the strongest reasons for recording an express prohibition on this point, founded on the practice of neighboring countries in which polygamy prevailed, and whose kings had numerous harems; besides, the monarch of Israel was to be absolutely independent of the people and had nothing but the divine law to restrain his passions. The mischievous effects resulting from the breach of this condition were exemplified in the history of Solomon and other princes, who, by trampling on the restrictive law, corrupted themselves as well as the nation.

_ _ neither shall he greatly multiply ... silver and gold — that is, the kings were forbidden to accumulate money for private purposes.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 17:14-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 17:17

Turn away — From God and his law.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Deuteronomy 17:17

Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart (l) turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.

(l) From the Law of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
multiply wives:

Genesis 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
2 Samuel 3:2-5 And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; ... And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron.
1 Kings 11:1-4 But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, [and] Hittites; ... For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, [that] his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as [was] the heart of David his father.
Nehemiah 13:26 Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? yet among many nations was there no king like him, who was beloved of his God, and God made him king over all Israel: nevertheless even him did outlandish women cause to sin.
Malachi 2:15 And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.
Matthew 19:5 And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh?

neither shall he:

1 Kings 10:21 And all king Solomon's drinking vessels [were of] gold, and all the vessels of the house of the forest of Lebanon [were of] pure gold; none [were of] silver: it was nothing accounted of in the days of Solomon.
Psalms 62:10 Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart [upon them].
Proverbs 30:8-9 Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me: ... Lest I be full, and deny [thee], and say, Who [is] the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God [in vain].
Matthew 6:19-20 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal: ... But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal:
Matthew 13:22 He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful.
Matthew 19:23-24 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven. ... And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
Luke 12:15 And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.
1 Timothy 6:9 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and [into] many foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition.
1 Timothy 6:17 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 2:24. 2S 3:2. 1K 10:21; 11:1. Ne 13:26. Ps 62:10. Pv 30:8. Mal 2:15. Mt 6:19; 13:22; 19:5, 23. Lk 12:15. 1Ti 6:9, 17.

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