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Deuteronomy 16:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou shalt not plant thee an Asherah of any kind of tree beside the altar of Jehovah thy God, which thou shalt make thee.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou shalt not plant thee a grove of any trees near unto the altar of the LORD thy God, which thou shalt make thee.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall not plant for yourself an Asherah of any kind of tree beside the altar of the LORD your God, which you shall make for yourself.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou shalt not plant thee a grove of any trees near to the altar of the LORD thy God, which thou shalt make for thee.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou shalt not plant thyself an Asherah of any wood near unto the altar of Jehovah thy God, which thou shalt make thee.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou shalt not plant thee, as a sacred stem, any tree,—near unto the altar of Yahweh thy God, which thou shalt make for thyself;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Thou dost not plant for thee a shrine of any trees near the altar of Jehovah thy God, which thou makest for thyself,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt plant no grove, nor any tree near the altar of the Lord thy God:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou shalt not plant thee a groue of any trees neere vnto the Altar of the LORD thy God, which thou shalt make thee:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou shalt not plant for thyself a grove; thou shalt not plant for thyself any tree near the altar of thy God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou shalt not plant thee a grove of any trees near unto the altar of Yahweh thy Elohim, which thou shalt make thee.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou shalt not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
plant 5193
{5193} Prime
נָטַע
nata`
{naw-tah'}
A primitive root; properly to strike in, that is, fix; specifically to plant (literally or figuratively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thee a grove 842
{0842} Prime
אֲשֵׁרָה
'asherah
{ash-ay-raw'}
From H0833; happy; asherah (or Astarte) a Phoenician goddess; also an image of the same.
of any x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
trees 6086
{6086} Prime
עֵץ
`ets
{ates}
From H6095; a tree (from its firmness); hence wood (plural sticks).
near x681
(0681) Complement
אֵצֶל
'etsel
{ay'-tsel}
From H0680 (in the sense of joining); a side; (as a preposition) near.
unto y681
[0681] Standard
אֵצֶל
'etsel
{ay'-tsel}
From H0680 (in the sense of joining); a side; (as a preposition) near.
the altar 4196
{4196} Prime
מִזְבֵּחַ
mizbeach
{miz-bay'-akh}
From H2076; an altar.
of Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
thy lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
thou shalt make 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thee.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 16:21

_ _ Thou shalt not plant thee a grove — A grove has in Scripture a variety of significations — a group of overshadowing trees, or a grove adorned with altars dedicated to a particular deity, or a wooden image in a grove (Judges 6:25; 2 Kings 23:4-6). They might be placed near the earthen and temporary altars erected in the wilderness, but they could not exist either at the tabernacle or temples. They were places, which, with their usual accompaniments, presented strong allurements to idolatry; and therefore the Israelites were prohibited from planting them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 16:18-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 16:21

Thou shalt not plant — Because this was the practice of idolaters, and might be an occasion of reviving idolatry.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 34:13 But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves:
Judges 3:7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves.
1 Kings 14:15 For the LORD shall smite Israel, as a reed is shaken in the water, and he shall root up Israel out of this good land, which he gave to their fathers, and shall scatter them beyond the river, because they have made their groves, provoking the LORD to anger.
1 Kings 16:33 And Ahab made a grove; and Ahab did more to provoke the LORD God of Israel to anger than all the kings of Israel that were before him.
2 Kings 17:16 And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, [even] two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.
2 Kings 21:3 For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel; and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.
2 Chronicles 33:3 For he built again the high places which Hezekiah his father had broken down, and he reared up altars for Baalim, and made groves, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.
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Ex 34:13. Jg 3:7. 1K 14:15; 16:33. 2K 17:16; 21:3. 2Ch 33:3.

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