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Deuteronomy 14:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou shalt surely tithe all the increase of thy seed, that which cometh forth from the field year by year.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field bringeth forth year by year.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall surely tithe all the produce from what you sow, which comes out of the field every year.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field bringeth forth year by year.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, the produce of the field, year by year.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou shalt, surely tithe, all the increase of thy seed,—which the field bringeth forth year by year.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Thou dost certainly tithe all the increase of thy seed which the field is bringing forth year by year;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Every year thou shalt set aside the tithes of all thy fruits that the earth bringeth forth,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou shalt truely tithe all the increase of thy seede, that the field bringeth forth yeere by yeere.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou shalt tithe a tenth of all the produce of thy seed, the fruit of thy field year by year.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field bringeth forth year by year.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou shalt truly y6237
[6237] Standard
עָשַׂר
`asar
{aw-sar'}
A primitive root (identical with H6238); to accumulate; but used only as denominative from H6235; to tithe, that is, take or give a tenth.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
tithe 6237
{6237} Prime
עָשַׂר
`asar
{aw-sar'}
A primitive root (identical with H6238); to accumulate; but used only as denominative from H6235; to tithe, that is, take or give a tenth.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the increase 8393
{8393} Prime
תְּבוּאָה
t@buw'ah
{teb-oo-aw'}
From H0935; income, that is, produce (literally or figuratively).
of thy seed, 2233
{2233} Prime
זֶרַע
zera`
{zeh'-rah}
From H2232; seed; figuratively fruit, plant, sowing time, posterity.
that the field 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
bringeth forth 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
year 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
by year. 8141
{8141} Prime
שָׁנֵה
shaneh
{shaw-neh'}
(The first form being in plural only, the second form being feminine); from H8138; a year (as a revolution of time).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Deuteronomy 14:22-27

_ _ Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed — The dedication of a tenth part of the year’s produce in everything was then a religious duty. It was to be brought as an offering to the sanctuary; and, where distance prevented its being taken in kind, it was by this statute convertible into money.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Deuteronomy 14:22-29

_ _ We have here a part of the statute concerning tithes. The productions of the ground were twice tithed, so that, putting both together, a fifth part was devoted to God out of their increase, and only four parts of five were for their own common use; and they could not but own they paid an easy rent, especially since God's part was disposed of to their own benefit and advantage. The first tithe was for the maintenance of their Levites, who taught them the good knowledge of God, and ministered to them in holy things; this is supposed as anciently due, and is entailed upon the Levites as an inheritance, by that law, Numbers 18:24, etc. But it is the second tithe that is here spoken of, which was to be taken out of the remainder when the Levites had had theirs.

_ _ I. They are here charged to separate it, and set it apart for God: Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of they seed, Deuteronomy 14:22. The Levites took care of their own, but the separating of this was left to the owners themselves, the law encouraging them to be honest by reposing a confidence in them, and so trying their fear of God. They are commanded to tithe truly, that is, to be sure to do it, and to do it faithfully and carefully, that God's part might not be diminished either with design or by oversight. Note, We must be sure to give God his full dues out of our estates; for, being but stewards of them, it is required that we be faithful, as those that must give account.

_ _ II. They are here directed how to dispose of it when they had separated it. Let every man lay by as God prospers him and gives him success, and then let him lay out in pious uses as God gives him opportunity; and it will be the easier to lay out, and the proportion will be more satisfying, when first we have laid by. This second tithe may be disposed of,

_ _ 1. In works of piety, for the first two years after the year of release. They must bring it up, either in kind or in the full value of it, to the place of the sanctuary, and there must spend it in holy feasting before the Lord. If they could do it with any convenience, they must bring it in kind (Deuteronomy 14:23); but, if not, they might turn it into money (Deuteronomy 14:24, Deuteronomy 14:25), and that money must be laid out in something to feast upon before the Lord. The comfortable cheerful using of what God has given us, with temperance and sobriety, is really the honouring of God with it. Contentment, holy joy, and thankfulness, make every meal a religious feast. The end of this law we have (Deuteronomy 14:23): That thou mayest learn to fear the Lord thy God always; it was to keep them right and firm to their religion, (1.) By acquainting them with the sanctuary, the holy things, and the solemn services that were there performed. What they read the appointment of their Bibles, it would do them good to see the observance of in the tabernacle; it would make a deeper impression upon them, which would keep them out of the snares of the idolatrous customs. Note, It will have a good influence upon our constancy in religion never to forsake the assembling of ourselves together, Hebrews 10:25. By the comfort of the communion of saints, we may be kept to our communion with God. (2.) By using them to the most pleasant and delightful services of religion. Let them rejoice before the Lord, that they may learn to fear him always. The more pleasure we find in the ways of religion the more likely we shall be to persevere in those ways. One thing they must remember in their pious entertainments — to bid their Levites welcome to them. Thou shalt not forsake the Levites (Deuteronomy 14:27): “Let him never be a stranger to thy table, especially when thou eatest before the Lord.”

_ _ 2. Every third year this tithe must be disposed of at home in works of charity (Deuteronomy 14:28, Deuteronomy 14:29): Lay it up within they own gates, and let it be given to the poor, who, knowing the provision this law had made for them, no doubt would come to seek it; and, that they might make the poor familiar to them and not disdain their company, they are here directed to welcome them to their houses. “Thither let them come, and eat and be satisfied.” In this charitable distribution of the second tithe they must have an eye to the poor ministers and add to their encouragement by entertaining them, then to poor strangers (not only for the supply of their necessities, but to put a respect upon them, and so to invite them to turn proselytes), and then to the fatherless and widow, who, though perhaps they might have a competent maintenance left them, yet could not be supposed to live so plentifully and comfortably as they had done in months past, and therefore they were to countenance them, and help to make them easy by inviting them to this entertainment. God has a particular care for widows and fatherless, and he requires that we should have the same. It is his honour, and will be ours, to help the helpless. And if we thus serve God, and do good with what we have, it is promised here that the Lord our God will bless us in all the work of our hand. Note, (1.) The blessing of God is all in all to our outward prosperity, and, without that blessing, the work of our hands which we do will bring nothing to pass. (2.) The way to obtain that blessing is to be diligent and charitable. The blessing descends upon the working hand: “Except not that God should bless thee in thy idleness and love of ease, but in all the work of they hand.” It is the hand of the diligent, with the blessing of God upon it, that makes rich, Proverbs 10:4, Proverbs 10:22. And it descends upon the giving hand; he that thus scatters certainly increases, and the liberal soul will be made fat. It is an undoubted truth, though little believed, that to be charitable to the poor, and to be free and generous in the support of religion and any good work, is the surest and safest way of thriving. What is lent to the Lord will be repaid with abundant interest. See Ezekiel 44:30.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 14:22

All the increase — This is to be understood of the second tithes, which seem to be the same with the tithes of the first year, mentioned Deuteronomy 14:28.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Deuteronomy 14:22

Thou shalt truly (e) tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field bringeth forth year by year.

(e) The tithes were ordained for the maintenance of the Levites, who had no inheritance.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Deuteronomy 12:6 And thither ye shall bring your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, and your tithes, and heave offerings of your hand, and your vows, and your freewill offerings, and the firstlings of your herds and of your flocks:
Deuteronomy 12:17 Thou mayest not eat within thy gates the tithe of thy corn, or of thy wine, or of thy oil, or the firstlings of thy herds or of thy flock, nor any of thy vows which thou vowest, nor thy freewill offerings, or heave offering of thine hand:
Deuteronomy 26:12-15 When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thine increase the third year, [which is] the year of tithing, and hast given [it] unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled; ... Look down from thy holy habitation, from heaven, and bless thy people Israel, and the land which thou hast given us, as thou swarest unto our fathers, a land that floweth with milk and honey.
Leviticus 27:30-33 And all the tithe of the land, [whether] of the seed of the land, [or] of the fruit of the tree, [is] the LORD'S: [it is] holy unto the LORD. ... He shall not search whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.
Numbers 18:21 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, [even] the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Nehemiah 10:37 And [that] we should bring the firstfruits of our dough, and our offerings, and the fruit of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and the tithes of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage.
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Lv 27:30. Nu 18:21. Dt 12:6, 17; 26:12. Ne 10:37.

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