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Deuteronomy 10:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou shalt fear Jehovah thy God; him shalt thou serve; and to him shalt thou cleave, and by his name shalt thou swear.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You shall fear the LORD your God; you shall serve Him and cling to Him, and you shall swear by His name.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou shalt fear Jehovah thy God; him thou shalt serve, and unto him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yahweh thy God, shalt thou revere, Him, shalt thou serve,—And, unto him, shalt thou cleave, And, in his name, shalt thou swear.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Jehovah thy God thou dost fear, Him thou dost serve, and to Him thou dost cleave, and by His name thou dost swear.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him only: to him thou shalt adhere, and shalt swear by his name.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou shalt feare the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serue, and to him shalt thou cleaue, and sweare by his Name.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him, and shalt cleave to him, and shalt swear by his name.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou shalt fear Yahweh thy Elohim; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and swear by his name.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou shalt fear 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
thy lhm אֱלֹהִים; 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
him shalt thou serve, 5647
{5647} Prime
עָבַד
`abad
{aw-bad'}
A primitive root; to work (in any sense); by implication to serve, till, (causatively) enslave, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and to him shalt thou cleave, 1692
{1692} Prime
דָּבַק
dabaq
{daw-bak'}
A primitive root; properly to impinge, that is, cling or adhere; figuratively to catch by pursuit.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and swear 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
by his name. 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 10:10-22.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 10:12-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 10:20

To him shalt thou cleave — With firm confidence, true affection, and constant obedience.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Deuteronomy 10:20

Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; him shalt thou serve, and to him shalt thou cleave, and (i) swear by his name.

(i) Read (Deuteronomy 6:13).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
fear:

Deuteronomy 6:13 Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.
Deuteronomy 13:4 Ye shall walk after the LORD your God, and fear him, and keep his commandments, and obey his voice, and ye shall serve him, and cleave unto him.
Matthew 4:10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.
Luke 4:8 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

cleave:

Deuteronomy 4:4 But ye that did cleave unto the LORD your God [are] alive every one of you this day.
Deuteronomy 11:22 For if ye shall diligently keep all these commandments which I command you, to do them, to love the LORD your God, to walk in all his ways, and to cleave unto him;
Deuteronomy 13:4 Ye shall walk after the LORD your God, and fear him, and keep his commandments, and obey his voice, and ye shall serve him, and cleave unto him.
Joshua 23:8 But cleave unto the LORD your God, as ye have done unto this day.
Acts 11:23 Who, when he came, and had seen the grace of God, was glad, and exhorted them all, that with purpose of heart they would cleave unto the Lord.
Romans 12:9 [Let] love be without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.

swear:

Deuteronomy 6:13 Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve him, and shalt swear by his name.
Psalms 63:11 But the king shall rejoice in God; every one that sweareth by him shall glory: but the mouth of them that speak lies shall be stopped.
Isaiah 45:23 I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth [in] righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 4:4; 6:13; 11:22; 13:4. Jsh 23:8. Ps 63:11. Is 45:23. Mt 4:10. Lk 4:8. Ac 11:23. Ro 12:9.

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