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Deuteronomy 1:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— after he had smitten Sihon the king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who dwelt in Ashtaroth, at Edrei.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— After he had slain Sihon the king of the Amorites, which dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, which dwelt at Astaroth in Edrei:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— after he had defeated Sihon the king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who lived in Ashtaroth and Edrei.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— After he had slain Sihon the king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who dwelt at Astaroth in Edrei:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— after he had smitten Sihon the king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who dwelt at Ashtaroth [and] at Edrei.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— after he had smitten Sihon, king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon,—and Og, king of Bashan, who dwelt in Ashtaroth, in Edrei:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— after his smiting Sihon king of the Amorite who is dwelling in Heshbon, and Og king of Bashan who is dwelling in Ashtaroth in Edrei,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— After that he had slain Sehon king of the Amorrhites, who dwelt in Hesebon: and Og king of Basan who abode in Astaroth, and in Edrai,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— After hee had slaine Sihon the King of the Amorites, which dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the King of Bashan, which dwelt at Astaroth, in Edrei.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— after he had smitten Sihon{gr.Seon} king of the Amorites who dwelt in Heshbon{gr.Esebon}, and Og the king of Bashan{gr.Basan} who dwelt in Ashtaroth{gr.Astaroth} and in Edrain;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— After he had slain Sichon the king of the Emorim, which dwelt in Cheshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, which dwelt at Ashtaroth in Edrei:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
After 310
{0310} Prime
אַחַר
'achar
{akh-ar'}
From H0309; properly the hind part; generally used as an adverb or conjugation, after (in various senses).
he had slain 5221
{5221} Prime
נָכָה
nakah
{naw-kaw'}
A primitive root; to strike (lightly or severely, literally or figuratively).
z8687
<8687> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 1162
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Sn סִיחוֹן 5511
{5511} Prime
סִיחוֹן
Ciychown
{see-khone'}
From the same as H5477; tempestuous; Sichon, an Amoritish king.
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of the mrm אֱמֹרִים, 567
{0567} Prime
אֱמֹרִי
'Emoriy
{em-o-ree'}
Probably a patronymic from an unused name derived from H0559 in the sense of publicity, that is, prominence; thus a mountaineer; an Emorite, one of the Canaanitish tribes.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in ebn חֶשׁבּוֹן, 2809
{2809} Prime
חֶשְׁבּוֹן
Cheshbown
{khesh-bone'}
The same as H2808; Cheshbon, a place East of the Jordan.
and `q עוֹג 5747
{5747} Prime
עוֹג
`Owg
{ogue}
Probably from H5746; round; Og, a king of Bashan.
the king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of Bn בָּשָׁן, 1316
{1316} Prime
בָּשָׁן
Bashan
{baw-shawn'}
Of uncertain derivation; Bashan (often with the article), a region East of the Jordan.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
dwelt 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
at `Atr עַשׁתָּרֹת 6252
{6252} Prime
עַשְׁתָּרוֹת
`Ashtarowth
{ash-taw-roth'}
Plural of H6251; Ashtaroth, the name of a Sidonian deity, and of a place East of the Jordan.
in Ere` אֶדרֶעִי: 154
{0154} Prime
אֶדְרֶעִי
'edre`iy
{ed-reh'-ee}
From the equivalent of H0153; mighty; Edrei, the name of two places in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 1:3-8.


Deuteronomy 1:4

_ _ Ashtaroth — the royal residence of Og, so called from Astarte (“the moon”), the tutelary goddess of the Syrians. Og was slain at

_ _ Edrei — now Edhra, the ruins of which are fourteen miles in circumference [Burckhardt]; its general breadth is about two leagues.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Deuteronomy 1:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Deuteronomy 1:4

Og — His palace or mansion — house was at Astaroth, and he was slain at Edrei.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Deuteronomy 1:4

After he had slain (d) Sihon the king of the Amorites, which dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, which dwelt at Astaroth in Edrei:

(d) By these examples of God's favour, their minds are prepared to receive the law.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Deuteronomy 2:26-37 And I sent messengers out of the wilderness of Kedemoth unto Sihon king of Heshbon with words of peace, saying, ... Only unto the land of the children of Ammon thou camest not, [nor] unto any place of the river Jabbok, nor unto the cities in the mountains, nor unto whatsoever the LORD our God forbad us.
Deuteronomy 3:1-11 Then we turned, and went up the way to Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan came out against us, he and all his people, to battle at Edrei. ... For only Og king of Bashan remained of the remnant of giants; behold, his bedstead [was] a bedstead of iron; [is] it not in Rabbath of the children of Ammon? nine cubits [was] the length thereof, and four cubits the breadth of it, after the cubit of a man.
Numbers 21:21-35 And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying, ... So they smote him, and his sons, and all his people, until there was none left him alive: and they possessed his land.
Joshua 12:2-6 Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon, [and] ruled from Aroer, which [is] upon the bank of the river Arnon, and from the middle of the river, and from half Gilead, even unto the river Jabbok, [which is] the border of the children of Ammon; ... Them did Moses the servant of the LORD and the children of Israel smite: and Moses the servant of the LORD gave it [for] a possession unto the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh.
Joshua 13:10-12 And all the cities of Sihon king of the Amorites, which reigned in Heshbon, unto the border of the children of Ammon; ... All the kingdom of Og in Bashan, which reigned in Ashtaroth and in Edrei, who remained of the remnant of the giants: for these did Moses smite, and cast them out.
Nehemiah 9:22 Moreover thou gavest them kingdoms and nations, and didst divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon, and the land of the king of Heshbon, and the land of Og king of Bashan.
Psalms 135:11 Sihon king of the Amorites, and Og king of Bashan, and all the kingdoms of Canaan:
Psalms 136:19-20 Sihon king of the Amorites: for his mercy [endureth] for ever: ... And Og the king of Bashan: for his mercy [endureth] for ever:
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Nu 21:21. Dt 2:26; 3:1. Jsh 12:2; 13:10. Ne 9:22. Ps 135:11; 136:19.

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