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Daniel 9:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting and sackcloth and ashes.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— So I gave my attention to the Lord God to seek [Him by] prayer and supplications, with fasting, sackcloth and ashes.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I set my face to the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek [him] by prayer, and supplication,—with fasting, and sackcloth and ashes;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and I set my face unto the Lord God, to seek [by] prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I set my face to the Lord, my God, to pray and make supplication with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I set my face vnto the Lord God to seeke by prayer, and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I set my face toward the Lord God, to seek [him] diligently by prayer and supplications, with fastings and sackcloth.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I set my face unto Yahweh Elohim, to seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I set 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
my face 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Yhw יָהוֶה 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
lhm אֱלֹהִים, 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
to seek 1245
{1245} Prime
בּקשׁ
baqash
{baw-kash'}
A primitive root; to search out (by any method; specifically in worship or prayer); by implication to strive after.
z8763
<8763> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 790
by prayer 8605
{8605} Prime
תְּפִלָּה
t@phillah
{tef-il-law'}
From H6419; intercession, supplication; by implication a hymn.
and supplications, 8469
{8469} Prime
תַּחֲנוּן
tachanuwn
{takh-an-oon'}
From H2603; earnest prayer.
with fasting, 6685
{6685} Prime
צוֹם
tsowm
{tsome}
From H6684; a fast.
and sackcloth, 8242
{8242} Prime
שַׂק
saq
{sak}
From H8264; properly a mesh (as allowing a liquid to run through), that is, coarse loose cloth or sacking (used in mourning and for bagging); hence a bag (for grain, etc.).
and ashes: 665
{0665} Prime
אֵפֶר
'epher
{ay'-fer}
From an unused root meaning to bestrew; ashes.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 9:3

_ _ prayer ... supplications — literally, “intercessions ... entreaties for mercy.” Praying for blessings, and deprecating evils.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 9:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 9:3

And I set my face unto the Lord God, to (d) seek by prayer and supplications, with fasting, and sackcloth, and ashes:

(d) He does not speak of that ordinary prayer, which he used in his house three times a day, but of a rare and vehement prayer, lest their sins should cause God to delay the time of their deliverance prophesied by Jeremiah.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I set:

Daniel 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime.
Nehemiah 1:4-11 And it came to pass, when I heard these words, that I sat down and wept, and mourned [certain] days, and fasted, and prayed before the God of heaven, ... O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, and to the prayer of thy servants, who desire to fear thy name: and prosper, I pray thee, thy servant this day, and grant him mercy in the sight of this man. For I was the king's cupbearer.
Psalms 102:13-17 Thou shalt arise, [and] have mercy upon Zion: for the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is come. ... He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer.
Jeremiah 29:10-13 For thus saith the LORD, That after seventy years be accomplished at Babylon I will visit you, and perform my good word toward you, in causing you to return to this place. ... And ye shall seek me, and find [me], when ye shall search for me with all your heart.
Jeremiah 33:3 Call unto me, and I will answer thee, and shew thee great and mighty things, which thou knowest not.
Ezekiel 36:37 Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will yet [for] this be enquired of by the house of Israel, to do [it] for them; I will increase them with men like a flock.
James 5:16-18 Confess [your] faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much. ... And he prayed again, and the heaven gave rain, and the earth brought forth her fruit.

with:

Daniel 10:2-3 In those days I Daniel was mourning three full weeks. ... I ate no pleasant bread, neither came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled.
Ezra 8:21 Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves before our God, to seek of him a right way for us, and for our little ones, and for all our substance.
Ezra 9:5 And at the evening sacrifice I arose up from my heaviness; and having rent my garment and my mantle, I fell upon my knees, and spread out my hands unto the LORD my God,
Ezra 10:6 Then Ezra rose up from before the house of God, and went into the chamber of Johanan the son of Eliashib: and [when] he came thither, he did eat no bread, nor drink water: for he mourned because of the transgression of them that had been carried away.
Nehemiah 1:4 And it came to pass, when I heard these words, that I sat down and wept, and mourned [certain] days, and fasted, and prayed before the God of heaven,
Nehemiah 9:1 Now in the twenty and fourth day of this month the children of Israel were assembled with fasting, and with sackclothes, and earth upon them.
Esther 4:1-3 When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai rent his clothes, and put on sackcloth with ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and cried with a loud and a bitter cry; ... And in every province, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree came, [there was] great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes.
Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which [is] not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.
Psalms 35:13 But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing [was] sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom.
Psalms 69:10-11 When I wept, [and chastened] my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach. ... I made sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them.
Isaiah 22:12 And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth:
Joel 1:13 Gird yourselves, and lament, ye priests: howl, ye ministers of the altar: come, lie all night in sackcloth, ye ministers of my God: for the meat offering and the drink offering is withholden from the house of your God.
Joel 2:12 Therefore also now, saith the LORD, turn ye [even] to me with all your heart, and with fasting, and with weeping, and with mourning:
Jonah 3:6-9 For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered [him] with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. ... Who can tell [if] God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?
Luke 2:37 And she [was] a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.
Acts 10:30 And Cornelius said, Four days ago I was fasting until this hour; and at the ninth hour I prayed in my house, and, behold, a man stood before me in bright clothing,
James 4:8-10 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse [your] hands, [ye] sinners; and purify [your] hearts, [ye] double minded. ... Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ezr 8:21; 9:5; 10:6. Ne 1:4; 9:1. Es 4:1, 16. Ps 35:13; 69:10; 102:13. Is 22:12. Jr 29:10; 33:3. Ezk 36:37. Dn 6:10; 10:2. Jol 1:13; 2:12. Jna 3:6. Lk 2:37. Ac 10:30. Jm 4:8; 5:16.

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