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Daniel 8:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; and no beasts could stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and magnified himself.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither [was there any] that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I saw the ram butting westward, northward, and southward, and no [other] beasts could stand before him nor was there anyone to rescue from his power, but he did as he pleased and magnified [himself].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither [was there any] that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward, and no beast could stand before him, neither was there any that could deliver out of his hand; and he did according to his will, and became great.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I saw the ram, pushing strongly westward and northward and southward, so that no wild beast could stand before him, and none could deliver out of his hand,—but he did according to his own pleasure, and shewed himself great.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have seen the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward, and no living creatures do stand before it, and there is none delivering out of its hand, and it hath done according to its pleasure, and hath exerted itself.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I saw the ram pushing with his horns against the west, and against the north, and against the south: and no beasts could withstand him, nor be delivered out of his hand: and he did according to his own will, and became great.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I saw the ramme pushing Westward, & Northward, and Southward: so that no beasts might stand before him, neither [was] there any that could deliuer out of his hand, but he did according to his will, and became great.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I saw the ram butting westward, and northward, and southward; and no beast could stand before him, and there was none that could deliver out of his hand; and he did according to his will, and became great.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither [was there any] that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I saw 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the ram 352
{0352} Prime
אַיִל
'ayil
{ah'-yil}
From the same as H0193; properly strength; hence anything strong; specifically a chief (politically); also a ram (from his strength); a pilaster (as a strong support); an oak or other strong tree.
pushing 5055
{5055} Prime
נָגַח
nagach
{naw-gakh'}
A primitive root; to but with the horns; figuratively to war against.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
westward, 3220
{3220} Prime
יָם
yam
{yawm}
From an unused root meaning to roar; a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; specifically (with the article) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south.
and northward, 6828
{6828} Prime
צָפוֹן
tsaphown
{tsaw-fone'}
From H6845; properly hidden, that is, dark; used only of the north as a quarter (gloomy and unknown).
and southward; 5045
{5045} Prime
נֶגֶב
negeb
{neh'-gheb}
From an unused root meaning to be parched; the south (from its drought); specifically the negeb or southern district of Judah, occasionally, Egypt (as south to Palestine).
so that no x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
beasts 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
might stand 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
him, neither x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
[was there any] that could deliver 5337
{5337} Prime
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
out of his hand; 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
but he did 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
according to his will, 7522
{7522} Prime
רָצוֹן
ratsown
{raw-tsone'}
From H7521; delight.
and became great. 1431
{1431} Prime
גָּדַל
gadal
{gaw-dal'}
A primitive root; properly to twist (compare H1434), that is, to be (causatively make) large (in various senses, as in body, mind, estate or honor, also in pride).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 8:4

_ _ ram pushing westward — Persia conquered westward Babylon, Mesopotamia, Syria, Asia Minor.

_ _ northward — Colchis, Armenia, Iberia, and the dwellers on the Caspian Sea.

_ _ southward — Judea, Egypt, Ethiopia, Libya; also India, under Darius. He does not say eastward, for the Persians themselves came from the east (Isaiah 46:11).

_ _ did according to his will — (Daniel 11:3, Daniel 11:16; compare Daniel 5:19).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 8:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 8:4

West — ward — Toward Babylon, Syria, Cappadocia, Asia the less, and Greece, all westward from Media and Persia. North — ward — Against the Armenians, Iberians, Lydians, Colchi Caspians. South — ward — Against Ethiopia, Arabia, Egypt.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 8:4

I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no (e) beasts might stand before him, neither [was there any] that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.

(e) That is, no kings or nations.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
pushing:

Daniel 5:30 In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.
Daniel 7:5 And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and [it had] three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh.
Daniel 11:2 And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than [they] all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia.
Isaiah 45:1-5 Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut; ... I [am] the LORD, and [there is] none else, [there is] no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me:
Jeremiah 50:1-51:64 The word that the LORD spake against Babylon [and] against the land of the Chaldeans by Jeremiah the prophet. ... And thou shalt say, Thus shall Babylon sink, and shall not rise from the evil that I will bring upon her: and they shall be weary. Thus far [are] the words of Jeremiah.

neither:

Daniel 8:7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.
Job 10:7 Thou knowest that I am not wicked; and [there is] none that can deliver out of thine hand.
Psalms 7:2 Lest he tear my soul like a lion, rending [it] in pieces, while [there is] none to deliver.
Psalms 50:22 Now consider this, ye that forget God, lest I tear [you] in pieces, and [there be] none to deliver.
Micah 5:8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest, as a young lion among the flocks of sheep: who, if he go through, both treadeth down, and teareth in pieces, and none can deliver.

but:

Daniel 5:19 And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.
Daniel 11:3 And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will.
Daniel 11:16 But he that cometh against him shall do according to his own will, and none shall stand before him: and he shall stand in the glorious land, which by his hand shall be consumed.
Daniel 11:36 And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.
Isaiah 10:13-14 For he saith, By the strength of my hand I have done [it], and by my wisdom; for I am prudent: and I have removed the bounds of the people, and have robbed their treasures, and I have put down the inhabitants like a valiant [man]: ... And my hand hath found as a nest the riches of the people: and as one gathereth eggs [that are] left, have I gathered all the earth; and there was none that moved the wing, or opened the mouth, or peeped.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 10:7. Ps 7:2; 50:22. Is 10:13; 45:1. Jr 50:1. Dn 5:19, 30; 7:5; 8:7; 11:2, 3, 16, 36. Mi 5:8.

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