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Daniel 8:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the host was given over [to it] together with the continual [burnt-offering] through transgression; and it cast down truth to the ground, and it did [its pleasure] and prospered.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And an host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And on account of transgression the host will be given over [to the horn] along with the regular sacrifice; and it will fling truth to the ground and perform [its will] and prosper.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And a host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practiced, and prospered.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And a time of trial was appointed unto the continual [sacrifice] by reason of transgression.) And it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised and prospered.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, a host, was set over the continual [ascending-sacrifice], by transgression,—and faithfulness, was cast down, to the ground, and so he acted with effect, and succeeded.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the host is given up, with the continual [sacrifice], through transgression, and it throweth down truth to the earth, and it hath worked, and prospered.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And strength was given him against the continual sacrifice, because of sins: and truth shall be cast down on the ground, and he shall do and shall prosper.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And an hoste was giuen [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it cast downe the trueth to the ground, and it practised, and prospered.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And a sin-offering was given for the sacrifice, and righteousness was cast down to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And an host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And an host 6635
{6635} Prime
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
was given 5414
{5414} Prime
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
[him] against x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the daily 8548
{8548} Prime
From an unused root meaning to stretch; properly continuance (as indefinite extension); but used only (attributively as adjective) constant (or adverbially constantly); elliptically the regular (daily) sacrifice.
[sacrifice] by reason of transgression, 6588
{6588} Prime
From H6586; a revolt (national, moral or religious).
and it cast down 7993
{7993} Prime
A primitive root; to throw out, down or away (literally or figuratively).
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the truth 571
{0571} Prime
Contracted from H0539; stability; figuratively certainty, truth, trustworthiness.
to the ground; 776
{0776} Prime
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and it practised, 6213
{6213} Prime
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and prospered. 6743
{6743} Prime
A primitive root; to push forward, in various senses (literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively).
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 8:12

_ _ an host — rather, “the host was given up to him,” that is, the holy people were given into his hands. So in Daniel 8:10 “the host” is used; and again in Daniel 8:13, where also “give” is used as here for “giving up” for destruction (compare Daniel 11:6) [Maurer].

_ _ against ... daily sacrifice — rather (the host was given up for him to tread upon), “together with the daily sacrifice” (compare Daniel 8:13).

_ _ by reason of transgression — 1 Maccabees 1:11-16 traces all the calamities suffered under Antiochus to the transgression of certain Jews who introduced heathen customs into Jerusalem just before. But transgression was not at the full (Daniel 8:23) under Antiochus; for Onias the high priest administered the laws in godliness at the time (2 Maccabees 3:1). Therefore the “transgression” must refer to that of the Jews hereafter restored to Palestine in unbelief.

_ _ the truth — the worship of the true God. Isaiah 59:14, “Truth is fallen in the street.”

_ _ practiced, and prospered — Whatever he undertook succeeded (Daniel 8:4; Daniel 11:28, Daniel 11:36).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 8:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 8:12

By reason of transgression — Both the transgression of the priests, and of the people.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 8:12

And (s) an host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it (t) cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered.

(s) He shows that their sins are the cause of these horrible afflictions: and yet comforts them, in that he appoints this tyrant for a time, whom he would not allow to utterly abolish his religion.

(t) This horn will abolish for a time the true doctrine, and so corrupt God's service.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
an host was given him against the daily sacrifice:
or, the host was given over for the transgression against the daily sacrifice.
Daniel 11:31-35 And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate. ... And [some] of them of understanding shall fall, to try them, and to purge, and to make [them] white, [even] to the time of the end: because [it is] yet for a time appointed.
Revelation 13:7 And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations.

and it cast:

Psalms 119:43 And take not the word of truth utterly out of my mouth; for I have hoped in thy judgments.
Psalms 119:142 Thy righteousness [is] an everlasting righteousness, and thy law [is] the truth.
Isaiah 59:14 And judgment is turned away backward, and justice standeth afar off: for truth is fallen in the street, and equity cannot enter.
2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. ... That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

and it practiced:

Daniel 8:4 I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither [was there any] that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
Daniel 11:28 Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart [shall be] against the holy covenant; and he shall do [exploits], and return to his own land.
Daniel 11:36 And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.
1 Samuel 23:9 And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod.
Job 12:6 The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God bringeth [abundantly].
Jeremiah 12:1 Righteous [art] thou, O LORD, when I plead with thee: yet let me talk with thee of [thy] judgments: Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? [wherefore] are all they happy that deal very treacherously?
Revelation 13:11-17 And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon. ... And that no man might buy or sell, save he that had the mark, or the name of the beast, or the number of his name.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 23:9. Jb 12:6. Ps 119:43, 142. Is 59:14. Jr 12:1. Dn 8:4; 11:28, 31, 36. 2Th 2:10. Rv 13:7, 11.

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