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Daniel 8:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and some of the host and of the stars it cast down to the ground, and trampled upon them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And it waxed great, [even] to the host of heaven; and it cast down [some] of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— It grew up to the host of heaven and caused some of the host and some of the stars to fall to the earth, and it trampled them down.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And it grew great, [even] to the host of heaven; and it cast down [some] of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it became great, even to the host of heaven; and it cast down [some] of the host and of the stars to the ground, and trampled upon them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— yea it became great as far as the host of the heavens,—and caused to fall, to the earth, some of the host and some of the stars, and trampled them underfoot;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— yea, it exerteth unto the host of the heavens, and causeth to fall to the earth of the host, and of the stars, and trampleth them down.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And it was magnified even unto the strength of heaven: and it threw down of the strength, and of the stars, and trod upon them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And it waxed great euen to the hoste of heauen, and it cast downe [some] of the hoste, and of the starres to the ground, and stamped vpon them.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— and it magnified itself to the host of heaven; and there fell to the earth [some] of the host of heaven and of the stars, and they trampled on them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And it waxed great, [even] to the host of heaven; and it cast down [some] of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And it waxed great, 1431
{1431} Prime
גָּדַל
gadal
{gaw-dal'}
A primitive root; properly to twist (compare H1434), that is, to be (causatively make) large (in various senses, as in body, mind, estate or honor, also in pride).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[even] to x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
the host 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
of heaven; 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
and it cast down 5307
{5307} Prime
נָפַל
naphal
{naw-fal'}
A primitive root; to fall, in a great variety of applications (intransitively or causatively, literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
[some] of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the host 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
and of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the stars 3556
{3556} Prime
כּוֹכָב
kowkab
{ko-kawb'}
Probably from the same as H3522 (in the sense of rolling) or H3554 (in the sense of blazing); a star (as round or as shining); figuratively a prince.
to the ground, 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
and stamped y7429
[7429] Standard
רָמַס
ramac
{raw-mas'}
A primitive root; to tread upon (as a potter, in walking or abusively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon x7429
(7429) Complement
רָמַס
ramac
{raw-mas'}
A primitive root; to tread upon (as a potter, in walking or abusively).
them.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 8:10

_ _ great, even to ... host of heaven — explained in Daniel 8:24, “the mighty and holy people,” that is, the Jews (Daniel 7:21) and their priests (compare Isaiah 24:21). The Levites’ service is called “a warfare” (Numbers 8:24, Numbers 8:25, Margin). Great civil and religious powers are symbolized by “stars” (Matthew 24:29). See 1 Maccabees 1:25, etc.; 1 Maccabees 2:35, etc.; 1 Maccabees 5:2, 12, 13. Tregelles refers “stars” to those Jews whose portion from God is heavenly glory (Daniel 12:3), being believers in Him who is above at God’s right hand: not the blinded Jews.

_ _ cast ... stars to the ground — So Babel, as type of Antichrist, is described (Isaiah 14:13, Isaiah 14:14), “I will exalt my throne above the stars of God.” Compare Revelation 12:4; 2 Maccabees 9:10, as to Antiochus.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 8:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 8:10

The host of heaven — The church of God militant, who worship the God of heaven, who are citizens of heaven, whose names are written in heaven; and among these the priests, and champions, who were as stars shining above the rest; these he profaned and slew cruelly.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 8:10

And it waxed great, [even] to the (p) host of heaven; and it cast down [some] of the host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them.

(p) Antiochus raged against the elect of God, and tread his precious stars underfoot, who are so called because they are separated from the world.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
to the host:
or, against the host,
Daniel 8:24-25 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people. ... And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify [himself] in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.
Daniel 11:28 Then shall he return into his land with great riches; and his heart [shall be] against the holy covenant; and he shall do [exploits], and return to his own land.
Daniel 11:30 For the ships of Chittim shall come against him: therefore he shall be grieved, and return, and have indignation against the holy covenant: so shall he do; he shall even return, and have intelligence with them that forsake the holy covenant.
Daniel 11:33-36 And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, [many] days. ... And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done.
Isaiah 14:13 For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:
Revelation 12:4 And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven, and did cast them to the earth: and the dragon stood before the woman which was ready to be delivered, for to devour her child as soon as it was born.

and stamped:

Daniel 8:7 And I saw him come close unto the ram, and he was moved with choler against him, and smote the ram, and brake his two horns: and there was no power in the ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him: and there was none that could deliver the ram out of his hand.
Daniel 7:7 After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it [was] diverse from all the beasts that [were] before it; and it had ten horns.
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Is 14:13. Dn 7:7; 8:7, 24; 11:28, 30, 33. Rv 12:4.

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