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Daniel 5:7 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The king cried aloud to bring in the enchanters, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. The king spake and said to the wise men of Babylon, Whosoever shall read this writing, and show me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with purple, and have a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The king cried aloud to bring in the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. [And] the king spake, and said to the wise [men] of Babylon, Whosoever shall read this writing, and shew me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with scarlet, and [have] a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The king called aloud to bring in the conjurers, the Chaldeans and the diviners. The king spoke and said to the wise men of Babylon, “Any man who can read this inscription and explain its interpretation to me shall be clothed with purple and [have] a necklace of gold around his neck, and have authority as third [ruler] in the kingdom.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The king cried aloud to bring in the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the sooth-sayers. [And] the king spoke and said to the wise [men] of Babylon, Whoever shall read this writing, and show me the interpretation of it, shall be clothed with scarlet, and [have] a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The king cried aloud to bring in the magicians, the Chaldeans, and the astrologers. The king spoke and said to the wise men of Babylon, Whosoever shall read this writing, and shew me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with purple, and have a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The king began crying out again, to bring in the magicians, the Chaldeans and the astrologers,—the king spake and said to the wise men of Babylon, Whosoever it is that shall read this writing, and, the interpretation thereof, shall declare unto me, with purple, shall he be clothed, and have a chain of gold upon his neck, and, as the third in the kingdom, shall he have dominion.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Call doth the king mightily, to bring up the enchanters, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. Answered hath the king, and said to the wise men of Babylon, that, 'Any man who doth read this writing, and its interpretation doth shew me, purple he putteth on, and a bracelet of gold [is] on his neck, and third in the kingdom he doth rule.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the king cried out aloud to bring in the wise men, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. And the king spoke, and said to the wise men of Babylon: Whosoever shall read this writing, and shall make known to me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with purple, and shall have a golden chain on his neck, and shall be the third man in my kingdom.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The king cried aloud to bring in the Astrologers, the Caldeans, and the soothsayers: [and] the king spake and said to the wise men of Babylon, Whosoeuer shall reade this writing, and shewe me the interpretation thereof, shall bee clothed with scarlet, and [haue] a chaine of gold about his necke, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdome.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the king cried aloud to bring in the magicians, Chaldeans, [and] soothsayers; and he said to the wise men of Babylon, Whosoever shall read this writing, and make known to me the interpretation, shall be clothed with scarlet, and [there shall be] a golden chain upon his neck, and he shall be the third ruler in my kingdom.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The king cried aloud to bring in the astrologers, the Kasdaye, and the soothsayers. [And] the king spake, and said to the wise [men] of Bavel, Whosoever shall read this writing, and shew me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with scarlet, and [have] a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The king 4430
{4430} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4428; a king.
cried 7123
{7123} Prime
קְרַא
q@ra'
{ker-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7121.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
aloud 2429
{2429} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2428; an army, or strength.
to bring y5954
[5954] Standard
עָלַל
`alal
{al-al'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5953 (in the sense of thrusting oneself in), to enter; causatively to introduce.
z8682
<8682> Grammar
Stem - Aphel (See H8817)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 34
in x5924
(5924) Complement
עֵלָּא
`ella'
{ale-law'}
(Chaldee); from H5922; above.
the astrologers, 826
{0826} Prime
אָשַׁף
'ashshaph
{ash-shawf'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0825.
the Ca$dy כַּשׂדָּיֵא, 3779
{3779} Prime
כַּשְׂדַּי
Kasday
{kas-dah'-ee}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3778; a Chaldaean or inhabitant of Chaldaea; by implication a Magian or professional astrologer.
and the soothsayers. 1505
{1505} Prime
גְּזַר
g@zar
{ghez-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1504; to quarry; determine.
z8750
<8750> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 141
[And] the king 4430
{4430} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4428; a king.
spake, 6032
{6032} Prime
עַנָה
`anah
{an-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6030.
z8750
<8750> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 141
and said 560
{0560} Prime
אַמַר
'amar
{am-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0559.
z8750
<8750> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 141
to the wise 2445
{2445} Prime
חַכִּים
chakkiym
{khak-keem'}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to H2449; wise, that is, a Magian.
[men] of Bvel בָּבֶל, 895
{0895} Prime
בָּבֶל
Babel
{baw-bel'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0894.
Whosoever 606
{0606} Prime
אֱנָשׁ
'enash
{en-awsh'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0582; a man.
3606
{3606} Prime
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3605.
x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
shall read 7123
{7123} Prime
קְרַא
q@ra'
{ker-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7121.
z8751
<8751> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 72
this 1836
{1836} Prime
דְּנָה
den
{dane}
(Chaldee); an orthographical variation of H1791; this.
writing, 3792
{3792} Prime
כְּתַב
k@thab
{keth-awb'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3791.
and shew 2324
{2324} Prime
חַוָה
chava'
{khav-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2331; to show.
z8741
<8741> Grammar
Stem - Pael (See H8835)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 15
me the interpretation 6591
{6591} Prime
פְּשַׁר
p@shar
{pesh-ar'}
(Chaldee); from H6590; an interpretation.
thereof, shall be clothed 3848
{3848} Prime
לְבַשׁ
l@bash
{leb-ash'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3847.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
with scarlet, 711
{0711} Prime
אַרְגְּוָן
'arg@van
{arg-ev-awn'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0710.
and [have] a chain 2002
{2002} Prime
הַמְנִיךְ
hamniyk
{ham-neek'}
(Chaldee); but the text is; of foreign origin; a necklace.
of x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
gold 1722
{1722} Prime
דְּהַב
d@hab
{deh-hab'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2091; gold.
about 5922
{5922} Prime
עַל
`al
{al}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5921.
his neck, 6676
{6676} Prime
צַוַּאר
tsavva'r
{tsav-var'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6677.
and shall be the third y8523
[8523] Standard
תְּלִיתָי
t@liythay
{tel-ee-thah'-ee}
(Chaldee); ordinal from H8532; third.
ruler 7981
{7981} Prime
שְׁלַט
sh@let
{shel-ate'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7980.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
x8523
(8523) Complement
תְּלִיתָי
t@liythay
{tel-ee-thah'-ee}
(Chaldee); ordinal from H8532; third.
in the kingdom. 4437
{4437} Prime
מַלְכּוּ
malkuw
{mal-koo'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4438; dominion (abstractly or concretely).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 5:7

_ _ He calls for the magicians, who more than once had been detected in imposture. He neglects God, and Daniel, whose fame as an interpreter was then well-established. The world wishes to be deceived and shuts its eyes against the light [Calvin]. The Hebrews think the words were Chaldee, but in the old Hebrew character (like that now in the Samaritan Pentateuch).

_ _ third ruler — The first place was given to the king; the second, to the son of the king, or of the queen; the third, to the chief of the satraps.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 5:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 5:7

The king cried aloud to bring in (g) the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. [And] the king spake, and said to the wise [men] of Babylon, Whosoever shall read this writing, and shew me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with scarlet, and [have] a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.

(g) Thus the wicked in their troubles seek many means, which draw them from God, because they do not seek for him who is the only comfort in all afflictions.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
aloud:
Chal, with might,
Daniel 4:14 He cried aloud, and said thus, Hew down the tree, and cut off his branches, shake off his leaves, and scatter his fruit: let the beasts get away from under it, and the fowls from his branches:
*marg.

to bring:

Daniel 2:2 Then the king commanded to call the magicians, and the astrologers, and the sorcerers, and the Chaldeans, for to shew the king his dreams. So they came and stood before the king.
Daniel 4:6 Therefore made I a decree to bring in all the wise [men] of Babylon before me, that they might make known unto me the interpretation of the dream.
Genesis 41:8 And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh told them his dream; but [there was] none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.
Isaiah 44:25-26 That frustrateth the tokens of the liars, and maketh diviners mad; that turneth wise [men] backward, and maketh their knowledge foolish; ... That confirmeth the word of his servant, and performeth the counsel of his messengers; that saith to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be inhabited; and to the cities of Judah, Ye shall be built, and I will raise up the decayed places thereof:
Isaiah 47:13 Thou art wearied in the multitude of thy counsels. Let now the astrologers, the stargazers, the monthly prognosticators, stand up, and save thee from [these things] that shall come upon thee.

be clothed:

Daniel 5:16 And I have heard of thee, that thou canst make interpretations, and dissolve doubts: now if thou canst read the writing, and make known to me the interpretation thereof, thou shalt be clothed with scarlet, and [have] a chain of gold about thy neck, and shalt be the third ruler in the kingdom.
Daniel 5:29 Then commanded Belshazzar, and they clothed Daniel with scarlet, and [put] a chain of gold about his neck, and made a proclamation concerning him, that he should be the third ruler in the kingdom.
Daniel 2:6 But if ye shew the dream, and the interpretation thereof, ye shall receive of me gifts and rewards and great honour: therefore shew me the dream, and the interpretation thereof.
Genesis 41:42-44 And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph's hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; ... And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I [am] Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.
Numbers 22:7 And the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian departed with the rewards of divination in their hand; and they came unto Balaam, and spake unto him the words of Balak.
Numbers 22:17 For I will promote thee unto very great honour, and I will do whatsoever thou sayest unto me: come therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people.
Numbers 24:11 Therefore now flee thou to thy place: I thought to promote thee unto great honour; but, lo, the LORD hath kept thee back from honour.
1 Samuel 17:25 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, [that] the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father's house free in Israel.

scarlet:
or, purple

a chain:

Proverbs 1:9 For they [shall be] an ornament of grace unto thy head, and chains about thy neck.
Song of Songs 1:10 Thy cheeks are comely with rows [of jewels], thy neck with chains [of gold].
Ezekiel 16:11 I decked thee also with ornaments, and I put bracelets upon thy hands, and a chain on thy neck.

the third:

Daniel 2:48 Then the king made Daniel a great man, and gave him many great gifts, and made him ruler over the whole province of Babylon, and chief of the governors over all the wise [men] of Babylon.
Daniel 6:2-3 And over these three presidents; of whom Daniel [was] first: that the princes might give accounts unto them, and the king should have no damage. ... Then this Daniel was preferred above the presidents and princes, because an excellent spirit [was] in him; and the king thought to set him over the whole realm.
Esther 3:1 After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that [were] with him.
Esther 10:2-3 And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, whereunto the king advanced him, [are] they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia? ... For Mordecai the Jew [was] next unto king Ahasuerus, and great among the Jews, and accepted of the multitude of his brethren, seeking the wealth of his people, and speaking peace to all his seed.
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Gn 41:8, 42. Nu 22:7, 17; 24:11. 1S 17:25. Es 3:1; 10:2. Pv 1:9. So 1:10. Is 44:25; 47:13. Ezk 16:11. Dn 2:2, 6, 48; 4:6, 14; 5:16, 29; 6:2.

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