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Daniel 5:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Belshazzar, while he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem; that the king and his lords, his wives and his concubines, might drink therefrom.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple which [was] in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink therein.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When Belshazzar tasted the wine, he gave orders to bring the gold and silver vessels which Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken out of the temple which [was] in Jerusalem, so that the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines might drink from them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Belshazzar, while he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple which [was] in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink in them.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Belshazzar, while he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels that Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem; that the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines, might drink in them.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Belshazzar, gave word, at the flavour of the wine, to bring the vessels of gold and silver, which Nebuchadnezzar his father, had brought forth, out of the temple which was in Jerusalem,—that the king and his nobles, his wives and his concubines, might drink therein.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Belshazzar hath said—while tasting the wine—to bring in the vessels of gold and of silver that Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken from the temple that [is] in Jerusalem, that drink with them may the king, and his great men, his wives, and his concubines.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And being now drunk, he commanded that they should bring the vessels of gold and silver, which Nabuchodonosor, his father, had brought away out of the temple, that was in Jerusalem, that the king and his nobles, and his wives, and his concubines, might drink in them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine, commaunded to bring the golden and siluer vessels, which his father Nebuchad-nezzar had taken out of the temple which [was] in Ierusalem, that the king and his princes, his wiues, and his concubines might drinke therein.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And Belteshazzar{gr.Baltasar} drinking gave orders as he tasted the wine that they should bring the gold and silver vessels, which Nebuchadnezzar{gr.Nabuchodonosor} his father had brought forth from the temple in Jerusalem; that the king, and his nobles, and his mistresses, and his concubines, should drink out of them.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Belshatztzar, whiles he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his father Nevukhadnetztzar had taken out of the temple which [was] in Yerushalaim; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink therein.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Blaxxar בֵּלשַׁאצַּר, 1113
{1113} Prime
בֵּלְשַׁאְצַּר
Belsha'tstsar
{bale-shats-tsar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1112.
whiles he tasted 2942
{2942} Prime
טְעֵם
t@`em
{teh-ame'}
(Chaldee); from H2939, and equivalent to H2941; properly flavor; figuratively judgment (both subjectively and objectively); hence account (both subjectively and objectively).
the wine, 2562
{2562} Prime
חֲמַר
chamar
{kham-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2561; wine.
commanded 560
{0560} Prime
אַמַר
'amar
{am-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0559.
z8754
<8754> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 231
to bring 858
{0858} Prime
אָתָה
'athah
{aw-thaw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0857.
z8682
<8682> Grammar
Stem - Aphel (See H8817)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 34
the golden 1722
{1722} Prime
דְּהַב
d@hab
{deh-hab'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2091; gold.
and silver 3702
{3702} Prime
כְּסַף
k@caph
{kes-af'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3701.
vessels 3984
{3984} Prime
מָאן
ma'n
{mawn}
(Chaldee); probably from a root corresponding to H0579 in the sense of an inclosure by sides; a utensil.
which x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
his father 2
{0002} Prime
אַב
'ab
{ab}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0001.
Nvanexxar נְבוּכַדנֶאצַּר 5020
{5020} Prime
נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר
N@buwkadnetstsar
{neb-oo-kad-nets-tsar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5019.
had taken y5312
[5312] Standard
נְפַק
n@phaq
{nef-ak'}
(Chaldee); a primitive root; to issue; causatively, to bring out.
z8684
<8684> Grammar
Stem - Aphel (See H8817)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 66
out x5312
(5312) Complement
נְפַק
n@phaq
{nef-ak'}
(Chaldee); a primitive root; to issue; causatively, to bring out.
of 4481
{4481} Prime
מִן
min
{min}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4480.
the temple 1965
{1965} Prime
הֵיכַל
heykal
{hay-kal'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1964.
which x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
[was] in Yrlaim יְרוּשָׁלִַם; 3390
{3390} Prime
ירוּשְׁלֶם
Y@ruwshalem
{yer-oo-shaw-lame'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3389.
that the king, 4430
{4430} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4428; a king.
and his princes, 7261
{7261} Prime
רַבְרְבָן
rabr@ban
{rab-reb-awn'}
(Chaldee); from H7260; a magnate.
his wives, 7695
{7695} Prime
שֵׁגַל
shegal
{shay-gawl'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7694; a (legitimate) queen.
and his concubines, 3904
{3904} Prime
לְחֵנָה
l@chenah
{lekh-ay-naw'}
(Chaldee); from an unused root of uncertain meaning; a concubine.
might drink 8355
{8355} Prime
שְׁתַה
sh@thah
{sheth-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8354.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
therein.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 5:2

_ _ whiles he tasted the wine — While under the effects of wine, men will do what they dare not do when sober.

_ _ his father Nebuchadnezzar — that is, his forefather. So “Jesus ... the son of David, the son of Abraham” (Matthew 1:1). Daniel does not say that the other kings mentioned in other writers did not reign between Belshazzar and Nebuchadnezzar, namely, Evil-merodach (Jeremiah 52:31), Neriglissar, his brother-in-law, and Laborasoarchod (nine months). Berosus makes Nabonidus, the last king, to have been one of the people, raised to the throne by an insurrection. As the inscriptions show that Belshazzar was distinct from, and joint king with, him, this is not at variance with Daniel, whose statement that Belshazzar was son (grandson) of Nebuchadnezzar is corroborated by Jeremiah (Jeremiah 27:7). Their joint, yet independent, testimony, as contemporaries, and having the best means of information, is more trustworthy than any of the heathen historians, if there were a discrepancy. Evil-merodach, son of Nebuchadnezzar (according to Berosus), reigned but a short time (one or two years), having, in consequence of his bad government, been dethroned by a plot of Neriglissar, his sister’s husband; hence Daniel does not mention him. At the elevation of Nabonidus as supreme king, Belshazzar, the grandson of Nebuchadnezzar, was doubtless suffered to be subordinate king and successor, in order to conciliate the legitimate party. Thus the seeming discrepancy becomes a confirmation of genuineness when cleared up, for the real harmony must have been undesigned.

_ _ wives ... concubines — not usually present at feasts in the East, where women of the harem are kept in strict seclusion. Hence Vashti’s refusal to appear at Ahasuerus’ feast (Esther 1:9-12). But the Babylonian court, in its reckless excesses, seems not to have been so strict as the Persian. Xenophon [Cyropaedia, 5.2, 28] confirms Daniel, representing a feast of Belshazzar where the concubines are present. At the beginning “the lords” (Daniel 5:1), for whom the feast was made, alone seem to have been present; but as the revelry advanced, the women were introduced. Two classes of them are mentioned, those to whom belonged the privileges of “wives,” and those strictly concubines (2 Samuel 5:13; 1 Kings 11:3; Song of Songs 6:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 5:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 5:2

To bring the vessels — Triumphing thereby over God and his people.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 5:2

Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his (c) father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple which [was] in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink therein.

(c) Meaning his grandfather.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Belshazzar:
Belshazzar is said by Josephus to be the same as Naboandelus, the Nabonadius of Ptolemy, and the Labynetus of Herodotus. He reigned seven years, during which time he was engaged in unsuccessful wars with the Medes and Persians; and at this very time was besieged by Cyrus.

the golden:

Daniel 1:2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with part of the vessels of the house of God: which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the vessels into the treasure house of his god.
2 Kings 24:13 And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the LORD, as the LORD had said.
2 Kings 25:15 And the firepans, and the bowls, [and] such things as [were] of gold, [in] gold, and of silver, [in] silver, the captain of the guard took away.
2 Chronicles 36:10 And when the year was expired, king Nebuchadnezzar sent, and brought him to Babylon, with the goodly vessels of the house of the LORD, and made Zedekiah his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem.
2 Chronicles 36:18 And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all [these] he brought to Babylon.
Ezra 1:7-11 Also Cyrus the king brought forth the vessels of the house of the LORD, which Nebuchadnezzar had brought forth out of Jerusalem, and had put them in the house of his gods; ... All the vessels of gold and of silver [were] five thousand and four hundred. All [these] did Sheshbazzar bring up with [them of] the captivity that were brought up from Babylon unto Jerusalem.
Jeremiah 27:16-22 Also I spake to the priests and to all this people, saying, Thus saith the LORD; Hearken not to the words of your prophets that prophesy unto you, saying, Behold, the vessels of the LORD'S house shall now shortly be brought again from Babylon: for they prophesy a lie unto you. ... They shall be carried to Babylon, and there shall they be until the day that I visit them, saith the LORD; then will I bring them up, and restore them to this place.
Jeremiah 52:19 And the basons, and the firepans, and the bowls, and the caldrons, and the candlesticks, and the spoons, and the cups; [that] which [was] of gold [in] gold, and [that] which [was] of silver [in] silver, took the captain of the guard away.

father:
or, grandfather,
Daniel 5:11 There is a man in thy kingdom, in whom [is] the spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of thy father light and understanding and wisdom, like the wisdom of the gods, was found in him; whom the king Nebuchadnezzar thy father, the king, [I say], thy father, made master of the magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, [and] soothsayers;
Daniel 5:13 Then was Daniel brought in before the king. [And] the king spake and said unto Daniel, [Art] thou that Daniel, which [art] of the children of the captivity of Judah, whom the king my father brought out of Jewry?
Daniel 5:18 O thou king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar thy father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honour:
2 Samuel 9:7 And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father's sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually.
2 Kings 8:25-27 In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign. ... And he walked in the way of the house of Ahab, and did evil in the sight of the LORD, as [did] the house of Ahab: for he [was] the son in law of the house of Ahab.
2 Chronicles 11:20 And after her he took Maachah the daughter of Absalom; which bare him Abijah, and Attai, and Ziza, and Shelomith.
2 Chronicles 15:16 And also [concerning] Maachah the mother of Asa the king, he removed her from [being] queen, because she had made an idol in a grove: and Asa cut down her idol, and stamped [it], and burnt [it] at the brook Kidron.
Jeremiah 27:7 And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.

taken out:
Chal, brought forth

might:

Daniel 5:4 They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.
Daniel 5:23 But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath [is], and whose [are] all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 9:7. 2K 8:25; 24:13; 25:15. 2Ch 11:20; 15:16; 36:10, 18. Ezr 1:7. Jr 27:7, 16; 52:19. Dn 1:2; 5:4, 11, 13, 18, 23.

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