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Daniel 4:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And at the end of the days I, Nebuchadnezzar, lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the Most High, and I praised and honored him that liveth for ever; for his dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom from generation to generation.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But at the end of that period, I, Nebuchadnezzar, raised my eyes toward heaven and my reason returned to me, and I blessed the Most High and praised and honored Him who lives forever; For His dominion is an everlasting dominion, And His kingdom [endures] from generation to generation.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up my eyes to heaven, and my understanding returned to me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honored him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto the heavens, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the Most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom is from generation to generation.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, at the end of the days, I, Nebuchadnezzar, mine eyes unto the heavens, did uplift, and, mine understanding, unto me, returned, and, the Most High, I blessed, and, to him that liveth age-abidingly, I rendered praise and honour,—whose dominion, is an age-abiding dominion, and, his kingdom, lasteth from generation to generation;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'And at the end of the days I, Nebuchadnezzar, mine eyes to the heavens have lifted up, and mine understanding unto me returneth, and the Most High I have blessed, and the Age-during Living One I have praised and honoured, whose dominion [is] a dominion age-during, and His kingdom with generation and generation;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now at the end of the days, I, Nabuchodonosor, lifted up my eyes to heaven, and my sense was restored to me: and I blessed the most High, and I praised and glorified him that liveth for ever: for his power is an everlasting power, and his kingdom is to all generations.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And at the end of the dayes, I Nebuchad-nezzar lift vp mine eyes vnto heauen, and mine vnderstanding returned vnto me, and I blessed the most high, and I praised, and honoured him that liueth for euer, whose dominion [is] an euerlasting dominion, and his kingdome [is] from generation to generation.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And at the end of the time I Nebuchadnezzar{gr.Nabuchodonosor} lifted up mine eyes to heaven, and my reason returned to me, and I blessed the Most High, and praised him that lives for ever, and gave [him] glory; for his dominion is an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [lasts] to all generations:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And at the end of the days I Nevukhadnetztzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed Illaya, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And at the end 7118
{7118} Prime
קְצָת
q@tsath
{kets-awth'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7117.
of the days 3118
{3118} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3117; a day.
I 576
{0576} Prime
אֲנָא
'ana'
{an-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0589; I.
Nvanexxar נְבוּכַדנֶאצַּר 5020
{5020} Prime
נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר
N@buwkadnetstsar
{neb-oo-kad-nets-tsar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5019.
lifted up 5191
{5191} Prime
נְטַל
n@tal
{net-al'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5190; to raise.
z8754
<8754> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 231
mine eyes 5870
{5870} Prime
עַיִן
`ayin
{ah'-yin}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5869; an eye.
unto heaven, 8065
{8065} Prime
שְׁמַיִן
shamayin
{shaw-mah'-yin}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8064.
and mine understanding 4486
{4486} Prime
מַנְדַּע
manda`
{man-dah'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4093; wisdom or intelligence.
returned 8421
{8421} Prime
תּוּב
tuwb
{toob}
(Chaldee), corresponding to H7725; to come back; specifically (transitively and elliptically) to reply.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
unto x5922
(5922) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5921.
me, y5922
[5922] Standard
עַל
`al
{al}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5921.
and I blessed 1289
{1289} Prime
בּרךְ
b@rak
{ber-ak'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1288.
z8745
<8745> Grammar
Stem - Pael (See H8835)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 23
`Illy עִלָּיָא, 5943
{5943} Prime
עִלָּי
`illay
{il-lah'-ee}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5942; supreme (that is, God).
and I praised 7624
{7624} Prime
שְׁבַח
sh@bach
{sheb-akh'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7623; to adulate, that is, adore.
z8745
<8745> Grammar
Stem - Pael (See H8835)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 23
and honoured 1922
{1922} Prime
הַדַר
hadar
{had-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1921; to magnify (figuratively).
z8745
<8745> Grammar
Stem - Pael (See H8835)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 23
him that liveth 2417
{2417} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
(Chaldee); from H2418; alive; also (as noun in plural) life.
for ever, 5957
{5957} Prime
עָלַם
`alam
{aw-lam'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5769; remote time, that is, the future or past indefinitely; often adverbially forever.
whose x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
dominion 7985
{7985} Prime
שָׁלְטָן
sholtan
{shol-tawn'}
(Chaldee); from H7981; empire (abstractly or concretely.).
[is] an everlasting 5957
{5957} Prime
עָלַם
`alam
{aw-lam'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5769; remote time, that is, the future or past indefinitely; often adverbially forever.
dominion, 7985
{7985} Prime
שָׁלְטָן
sholtan
{shol-tawn'}
(Chaldee); from H7981; empire (abstractly or concretely.).
and his kingdom 4437
{4437} Prime
מַלְכּוּ
malkuw
{mal-koo'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4438; dominion (abstractly or concretely).
[is] from 5974
{5974} Prime
עִם
`im
{eem}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5973.
generation 1859
{1859} Prime
דָּר
dar
{dawr}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1755; an age.
to generation: 1859
{1859} Prime
דָּר
dar
{dawr}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1755; an age.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 4:34

_ _ lifted up mine eyes unto heaven — whence the “voice” had issued (Daniel 4:31) at the beginning of his visitation. Sudden mental derangement often has the effect of annihilating the whole interval, so that, when reason returns, the patient remembers only the event that immediately preceded his insanity. Nebuchadnezzar’s looking up towards heaven was the first symptom of his “understanding” having “returned.” Before, like the beasts, his eyes had been downward to the earth. Now, like Jonah’s (Jonah 2:1, Jonah 2:2, Jonah 2:4) out of the fish’s belly, they are lifted up to heaven in prayer. He turns to Him that smiteth him (Isaiah 9:13), with the faint glimmer of reason left to him, and owns God’s justice in punishing him.

_ _ praised ... him — Praise is a sure sign of a soul spiritually healed (Psalms 116:12, Psalms 116:14; Mark 5:15, Mark 5:18, Mark 5:19).

_ _ I ... honoured him — implying that the cause of his chastisement was that he had before robbed God of His honor.

_ _ everlasting dominion — not temporary or mutable, as a human king’s dominion.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Daniel 4:34-37

_ _ We have here Nebuchadnezzar's recovery from his distraction, and his return to his right mind, at the end of the days prefixed, that is, of the seven years. So long he continued a monument of God's justice and a trophy of his victory over the children of pride, and he was made more so by being struck mad than if he had been in an instant struck dead with a thunderbolt; yet it was a mercy to him that he was kept alive, for while there is life there is hope that we may yet praise God, as he did here: At the end of the days (says he), I lifted up my eyes unto heaven (Daniel 4:34), looked no longer down towards the earth as a beast, but begun to look up as a man. Os homini sublime deditHeaven gave to man an erect countenance. But there was more in it than this; he looked up as a devout man, as a penitent, as a humble petitioner for mercy, being perhaps never till now made sensible of his own misery. And now,

_ _ I. He has the use of his reason so far restored to him that with it he glorifies God, and humbles himself under his mighty hand. He was told that he should continue in that forlorn case till he should know that the Most High rules, and here we have him brought to the knowledge of this: My understanding returned to me, and I blessed the Most High. Note, Those may justly be reckoned void of understanding that do not bless and praise God; nor do men ever rightly use their reason till they begin to be religious, nor live as men till they live to the glory of God. As reason is the substratum or subject of religion (so that creatures which have no reason are not capable of religion), so religion is the crown and glory of reason, and we have our reason in vain, and shall one day wish we had never had it, if we do not glorify God with it. This was the first act of Nebuchadnezzar's returning reason; and, when this became the employment of it, he was then, and not till then, qualified for all the other enjoyments of it. And till he was for a great while disabled to exercise it in other things he never was brought to apply it to this, which is the great end for which our reason is given us. His folly was the means whereby he became wise; he was not recovered by his dream of this judgment (that was soon forgotten like a dream), but he is made to feel it, and then his ear is opened to discipline. To bring him to himself, he must first be beside himself. And by this it appears that what good thoughts there were in his mind, and what good work was wrought there, were not of himself (for he was not his own man), but it was the gift of God. Let us see what Nebuchadnezzar is now at length effectually brought to the acknowledgment of; and we may learn from it what to believe concerning God. 1. That the most high God lives for ever, and his being knows neither change nor period, for he has it of himself. His flatterers often complimented him with, O king! live for ever. But he is now convinced that no king lives for ever, but the God of Israel only, who is still the same. 2. That his kingdom is like himself, everlasting, and his dominion from generation to generation; there is no succession, no revolution, in his kingdom. As he lives, so he reigns, for ever, and of his government there is no end. 3. That all nations before him are as nothing. He has no need of them; he makes no account of them. The greatest of men, in comparison with him, are less than nothing. Those that think highly of God think meanly of themselves. 4. That his kingdom is universal, and both the armies of heaven and the inhabitants of the earth are his subjects, and under his check and control. Both angels and men are employed by him, and are accountable to him; the highest angel is not above his command, nor the meanest of the children of men beneath his cognizance. The angels of heaven are his armies, the inhabitants of the earth his tenants. 5. That his power is irresistible, and his sovereignty uncontrollable, for he does according to his will, according to his design and purpose, according to his decree and counsel; whatever he pleases that he does; whatever he appoints that he performs; and none can resist his will, change his counsel, nor stay his hand, nor say unto him, What doest thou? None can arraign his proceedings, enquire into the meaning of them, nor demand a reason for them. Woe to him that strives with his Maker, that says to him, What doest thou? Or, Why doest thou so? 6. That every thing which God does is well done: His works are truth, for they all agree with his word. His ways are judgment, both wise and righteous, exactly consonant to the rules both of prudence and equity, and no fault is to be found with them. 7. That he has power to humble the haughtiest of his enemies that act in contradiction to him or competition with him: Those that walk in pride he is able to abuse (Daniel 4:37); he is able to deal with those that are most confident of their own sufficiency to contend with him.

_ _ II. He has the use of his reason so far restored to him as with it to re-enjoy himself, and the pleasures of his re-established prosperity (Daniel 4:36): At the same time my reason returned to me; he had said before (Daniel 4:34) that his understanding returned to him, and here he mentions it again, for the use of our reason is a mercy we can never be sufficiently thankful for. Now his lords sought to him; he did not need to seek to them, and they soon perceived, not only that he had recovered his reason and was fit to rule, but that he had recovered it with advantage, and was more fit to rule than ever. It is probable that the dream and the interpretation of it were well known, and much talked of, at court; and the former part of the prediction being fulfilled, that he should go distracted, they doubted not but that, according to the prediction, he should come to himself again at seven years' end, and, in confidence of that, when the time had expired they were ready to receive him; and then his honour and brightness returned to him, the same that he had before his madness seized him. He is now established in his kingdom as firmly as if there had been no interruption given him. He becomes a fool, that he may be wise, wiser than ever; and he that but the other day was in the depth of disgrace and ignominy has now excellent majesty added to him, beyond what he had when he went from kingdom to kingdom conquering and to conquer. Note, 1. When men are brought to honour God, particularly by a penitent confession of sin and a believing acknowledgment of his sovereignty, then, and not till then, they may expect that God will put honour upon them, will not only restore them to the dignity they lost by the sin of the first Adam, but add excellent majesty to them from the righteousness and grace of the second Adam. 2. Afflictions shall last no longer than till they have done the work for which they were sent. When this prince is brought to own God's dominion over himself. 3. All the accounts we take and give of God's dealing with us ought to conclude with praises to him. When Nebuchadnezzar is restored to his kingdom he praises, and extols, and honours the King of heaven (Daniel 4:37), before he applies himself to his secular business. Therefore we have our reason, that we may be in a capacity of praising him, and therefore our prosperity, that we may have cause to praise him.

_ _ It was not long after this that Nebuchadnezzar ended his life and reign. Abydenus, quoted by Eusebius (Prap. Evang. 1.9), reports, from the tradition of the Chaldeans, that upon his death-bed he foretold the taking of Babylon by Cyrus. Whether he continued in the same good mind that here he seems to have been in we are not told, nor does any thing appear to the contrary but that he did: and, if so great a blasphemer and persecutor did find mercy, he was not the last. And, if our charity may reach so far as to hope he did, we must admire free grace, by which he lost his wits for a while that he might save his soul for ever.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 4:34

Mine understanding returned — God shined upon his soul, and gave him understanding to consider his sad state, and the causes of it. And honoured him — By prayer and praise, adoring the justice and mercy of God, giving God the glory of his sovereignty and unchangeableness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 4:34

And at the end of the (r) days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation:

(r) When the term of these seven years was accomplished.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 3441, bc 563

at the end:

Daniel 4:16 Let his heart be changed from man's, and let a beast's heart be given unto him; and let seven times pass over him.
Daniel 4:26 And whereas they commanded to leave the stump of the tree roots; thy kingdom shall be sure unto thee, after that thou shalt have known that the heavens do rule.
Daniel 4:32 And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling [shall be] with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.

lifted:

Psalms 121:1 [[A Song of degrees.]] I will lift up mine eyes unto the hills, from whence cometh my help.
Psalms 123:1 [[A Song of degrees.]] Unto thee lift I up mine eyes, O thou that dwellest in the heavens.
Psalms 130:1-2 [[A Song of degrees.]] Out of the depths have I cried unto thee, O LORD. ... Lord, hear my voice: let thine ears be attentive to the voice of my supplications.
Jonah 2:2-4 And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, [and] thou heardest my voice. ... Then I said, I am cast out of thy sight; yet I will look again toward thy holy temple.
Luke 18:13 And the publican, standing afar off, would not lift up so much as [his] eyes unto heaven, but smote upon his breast, saying, God be merciful to me a sinner.

I blessed:

Job 1:21 And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD.
Psalms 50:14 Offer unto God thanksgiving; and pay thy vows unto the most High:
Psalms 103:1-4 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, [bless] his holy name. ... Who redeemeth thy life from destruction; who crowneth thee with lovingkindness and tender mercies;
Psalms 107:8 Oh that [men] would praise the LORD [for] his goodness, and [for] his wonderful works to the children of men!
Psalms 107:15 Oh that [men] would praise the LORD [for] his goodness, and [for] his wonderful works to the children of men!
Psalms 107:22 And let them sacrifice the sacrifices of thanksgiving, and declare his works with rejoicing.
Psalms 107:31 Oh that [men] would praise the LORD [for] his goodness, and [for] his wonderful works to the children of men!
Isaiah 24:15 Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in the fires, [even] the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea.
Lamentations 3:19-23 Remembering mine affliction and my misery, the wormwood and the gall. ... [They are] new every morning: great [is] thy faithfulness.

the most High:

Daniel 4:17 This matter [is] by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones: to the intent that the living may know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will, and setteth up over it the basest of men.
Daniel 4:32 And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling [shall be] with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
Psalms 7:17 I will praise the LORD according to his righteousness: and will sing praise to the name of the LORD most high.
Psalms 9:2 I will be glad and rejoice in thee: I will sing praise to thy name, O thou most High.
Psalms 92:1 [[A Psalm [or] Song for the sabbath day.]] [It is a] good [thing] to give thanks unto the LORD, and to sing praises unto thy name, O most High:
Lamentations 3:38 Out of the mouth of the most High proceedeth not evil and good?

him:

Daniel 12:7 And I heard the man clothed in linen, which [was] upon the waters of the river, when he held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever that [it shall be] for a time, times, and an half; and when he shall have accomplished to scatter the power of the holy people, all these [things] shall be finished.
Psalms 90:2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever thou hadst formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting, thou [art] God.
Psalms 102:24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years [are] throughout all generations.
Psalms 146:10 The LORD shall reign for ever, [even] thy God, O Zion, unto all generations. Praise ye the LORD.
Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD [is] the true God, he [is] the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.
John 5:26 For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;
1 Timothy 1:17 Now unto the King eternal, immortal, invisible, the only wise God, [be] honour and glory for ever and ever. Amen.
1 Timothy 6:16 Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom [be] honour and power everlasting. Amen.
Revelation 4:10 The four and twenty elders fall down before him that sat on the throne, and worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and cast their crowns before the throne, saying,
Revelation 10:6 And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer:

whose:

Daniel 4:3 How great [are] his signs! and how mighty [are] his wonders! his kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and his dominion [is] from generation to generation.
Daniel 2:44 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, [but] it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.
Daniel 7:14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed.
Psalms 10:16 The LORD [is] King for ever and ever: the heathen are perished out of his land.
Psalms 145:13 Thy kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and thy dominion [endureth] throughout all generations.
Isaiah 9:6-7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. ... Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Jeremiah 10:10 But the LORD [is] the true God, he [is] the living God, and an everlasting king: at his wrath the earth shall tremble, and the nations shall not be able to abide his indignation.
Micah 4:7 And I will make her that halted a remnant, and her that was cast far off a strong nation: and the LORD shall reign over them in mount Zion from henceforth, even for ever.
Luke 1:33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.
Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become [the kingdoms] of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

is from:

Psalms 90:1 [[A Prayer of Moses the man of God.]] Lord, thou hast been our dwelling place in all generations.
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Jb 1:21. Ps 7:17; 9:2; 10:16; 50:14; 90:1, 2; 92:1; 102:24; 103:1; 107:8, 15, 22, 31; 121:1; 123:1; 130:1; 145:13; 146:10. Is 9:6; 24:15. Jr 10:10. Lm 3:19, 38. Dn 2:44; 4:3, 16, 17, 26, 32; 7:14; 12:7. Jna 2:2. Mi 4:7. Lk 1:33; 18:13. Jn 5:26. 1Ti 1:17; 6:16. Rv 4:10; 10:6; 11:15.

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