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Daniel 4:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by showing mercy to the poor; if there may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Therefore, O king, may my advice be pleasing to you: break away now from your sins by [doing] righteousness and from your iniquities by showing mercy to [the] poor, in case there may be a prolonging of your prosperity.’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable to thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thy iniquities by showing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Therefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Wherefore, O king, let, my counsel, be pleasing unto thee, thy sin, then,—by righteousness, break thou off, and, thine iniquities, by shewing favour to the oppressed,—if so be it may become the lengthening out of thy security.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Therefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and thy sins by righteousness break off, and thy perversity by pitying the poor, lo, it is a lengthening of thine ease.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable to thee, and redeem thou thy sins with alms, and thy iniquities with works of mercy to the poor: perhaps he will forgive thy offences.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wherefore, O King, let my counsell be acceptable vnto thee, and breake off thy sinnes by righteousnesse, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poore; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillitie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Therefore, O king, let my counsel please thee, and atone for thy sins by alms, and [thine] iniquities by compassion on the poor: it may be God will be long-suffering to thy trespasses.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a lengthening of thy tranquillity.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Wherefore, 3861
{3861} Prime
לָהֵן
lawhen
{law-hane'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3860; therefore; also except.
O king, 4430
{4430} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4428; a king.
let my counsel 4431
{4431} Prime
מְלַךְ
m@lak
{mel-ak'}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to H4427 in the sense of consultation; advice.
be acceptable 8232
{8232} Prime
שְׁפַר
sh@phar
{shef-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8231; to be beautiful.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
unto x5922
(5922) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5921.
thee, y5922
[5922] Standard
עַל
`al
{al}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5921.
and break x6562
(6562) Complement
פְּרַק
p@raq
{per-ak'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6561; to discontinue.
off y6562
[6562] Standard
פְּרַק
p@raq
{per-ak'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6561; to discontinue.
z8747
<8747> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 23
thy sins 2408
{2408} Prime
חַטִי
chatiy
{khat-ee'}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to H2398; an offence.
by righteousness, 6665
{6665} Prime
צִדְקָה
tsidqah
{tsid-kaw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6666; beneficence.
and thine iniquities 5758
{5758} Prime
עֲוָיָה
`ivya'
{iv-yaw'}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to H5753; perverseness.
by shewing mercy 2604
{2604} Prime
חָנַן
chanan
{khan-an'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2603; to favor or (causatively) to entreat.
z8749
<8749> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 31
to the poor; 6033
{6033} Prime
עַנָה
`anah
{an-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6031.
z8750
<8750> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 141
if 2006
{2006} Prime
הֵן
hen
{hane}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2005; lo! also there, therefore, unless, less, whether, but, if.
it may be 1934
{1934} Prime
הַוָא
hava'
{hav-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1933; to exist; used in a great variety of applications (especially in connection with other words).
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
a lengthening 754
{0754} Prime
אַרְכָּא
'arka'
{ar-kaw'}
(Chaldee); from H0749; length.
of thy tranquillity. 7963
{7963} Prime
שְׁלֵוָה
sh@levah
{shel-ay-vaw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7962; safety.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 4:27

_ _ break off — as a galling yoke (Genesis 27:40); sin is a heavy load (Matthew 11:28). The Septuagint and Vulgate translate not so well, “redeem,” which is made an argument for Rome’s doctrine of the expiation of sins by meritorious works. Even translate it so, it can only mean; Repent and show the reality of thy repentance by works of justice and charity (compare Luke 11:41); so God will remit thy punishment. The trouble will be longer before it comes, or shorter when it does come. Compare the cases of Hezekiah, Isaiah 38:1-5; Nineveh, Jonah 3:5-10; Jeremiah 18:7, Jeremiah 18:8. The change is not in God, but in the sinner who repents. As the king who had provoked God’s judgments by sin, so he might avert it by a return to righteousness (compare Psalms 41:1, Psalms 41:2; Acts 8:22). Probably, like most Oriental despots, Nebuchadnezzar had oppressed the poor by forcing them to labor in his great public works without adequate remuneration.

_ _ if ... lengthening of ... tranquillity — if haply thy present prosperity shall be prolonged.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 4:19-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 4:27

If it may be — Daniel was not certain of pardon for him, nor did he altogether despair of it. With what wisdom and tenderness does he speak: and yet with what plainness?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 4:27

Wherefore, O king, let my counsel be acceptable unto thee, and (o) break off thy sins by righteousness, and thine iniquities by shewing mercy to the poor; if it may be a (p) lengthening of thy tranquillity.

(o) Cease from provoking God to anger any longer by your sins, that he may reduce the severity of his punishment, if you show by your upright life that you have true faith and repentance.

(p) Allow the errors of your former life to be made up for.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
let:

Genesis 41:33-37 Now therefore let Pharaoh look out a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt. ... And the thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants.
Psalms 119:46 I will speak of thy testimonies also before kings, and will not be ashamed.
Acts 24:25 And as he reasoned of righteousness, temperance, and judgment to come, Felix trembled, and answered, Go thy way for this time; when I have a convenient season, I will call for thee.
2 Corinthians 5:11 Knowing therefore the terror of the Lord, we persuade men; but we are made manifest unto God; and I trust also are made manifest in your consciences.

break:

Job 34:31-32 Surely it is meet to be said unto God, I have borne [chastisement], I will not offend [any more]: ... [That which] I see not teach thou me: if I have done iniquity, I will do no more.
Proverbs 16:6 By mercy and truth iniquity is purged: and by the fear of the LORD [men] depart from evil.
Proverbs 28:13 He that covereth his sins shall not prosper: but whoso confesseth and forsaketh [them] shall have mercy.
Isaiah 55:6-7 Seek ye the LORD while he may be found, call ye upon him while he is near: ... Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts: and let him return unto the LORD, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon.
Ezekiel 18:21 But if the wicked will turn from all his sins that he hath committed, and keep all my statutes, and do that which is lawful and right, he shall surely live, he shall not die.
Ezekiel 18:27-32 Again, when the wicked [man] turneth away from his wickedness that he hath committed, and doeth that which is lawful and right, he shall save his soul alive. ... For I have no pleasure in the death of him that dieth, saith the Lord GOD: wherefore turn [yourselves], and live ye.
Matthew 3:8 Bring forth therefore fruits meet for repentance:
Acts 8:22 Repent therefore of this thy wickedness, and pray God, if perhaps the thought of thine heart may be forgiven thee.
Acts 26:20 But shewed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coasts of Judaea, and [then] to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance.
James 4:8-10 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse [your] hands, [ye] sinners; and purify [your] hearts, [ye] double minded. ... Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.
1 Peter 4:8 And above all things have fervent charity among yourselves: for charity shall cover the multitude of sins.

by showing:

Psalms 41:1-3 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble. ... The LORD will strengthen him upon the bed of languishing: thou wilt make all his bed in his sickness.
Isaiah 58:5-7 Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? [is it] to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes [under him]? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD? ... [Is it] not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
Isaiah 58:10-12 And [if] thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness [be] as the noonday: ... And [they that shall be] of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.
Ezekiel 18:7 And hath not oppressed any, [but] hath restored to the debtor his pledge, hath spoiled none by violence, hath given his bread to the hungry, and hath covered the naked with a garment;
Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.
Acts 10:2-4 [A] devout [man], and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway. ... And when he looked on him, he was afraid, and said, What is it, Lord? And he said unto him, Thy prayers and thine alms are come up for a memorial before God.
Galatians 5:6 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.
Galatians 5:13 For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty; only [use] not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.
Galatians 5:22 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
Ephesians 4:28 Let him that stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working with [his] hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth.

if it:

1 Kings 21:29 Seest thou how Ahab humbleth himself before me? because he humbleth himself before me, I will not bring the evil in his days: [but] in his son's days will I bring the evil upon his house.
Joel 2:14 Who knoweth [if] he will return and repent, and leave a blessing behind him; [even] a meat offering and a drink offering unto the LORD your God?
Jonah 3:9 Who can tell [if] God will turn and repent, and turn away from his fierce anger, that we perish not?
Zephaniah 2:2-3 Before the decree bring forth, [before] the day pass as the chaff, before the fierce anger of the LORD come upon you, before the day of the LORD'S anger come upon you. ... Seek ye the LORD, all ye meek of the earth, which have wrought his judgment; seek righteousness, seek meekness: it may be ye shall be hid in the day of the LORD'S anger.

lengthening of thy tranquillity:
or, healing of thine error
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 41:33. 1K 21:29. Jb 34:31. Ps 41:1; 119:46. Pv 16:6; 28:13. Is 55:6; 58:5, 10. Ezk 18:7, 21, 27. Jol 2:14. Jna 3:9. Zp 2:2. Mt 3:8. Lk 11:41. Ac 8:22; 10:2; 24:25; 26:20. 2Co 5:11. Ga 5:6, 13, 22. Ep 4:28. Jm 4:8. 1P 4:8.

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