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Daniel 4:25 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— that thou shalt be driven from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and thou shalt be made to eat grass as oxen, and shalt be wet with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee; till thou know that the Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— That they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and they shall wet thee with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— that you be driven away from mankind and your dwelling place be with the beasts of the field, and you be given grass to eat like cattle and be drenched with the dew of heaven; and seven periods of time will pass over you, until you recognize that the Most High is ruler over the realm of mankind and bestows it on whomever He wishes.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— That they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and they shall wet thee with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou shalt know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and thou shalt be bathed with the dew of heaven; and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou know that the Most High ruleth over the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— That, thee, are they going to drive forth from among men, and, along with the wild beasts of the field, shall be thy dwelling, and, grass—like oxen, will they suffer, thee, to eat, and, with the dew of the heavens, will they suffer, thee, to be drenched, and, seven seasons, shall pass over thee,—until that thou come to know, that the Most High, hath dominion, over the kingdom of men, and, to whomsoever he pleaesth, he giveth it.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they are driving thee away from men, and with the beast of the field is thy dwelling, and the herb as oxen they do cause thee to eat, and by the dew of the heavens they are wetting thee, and seven times do pass over thee, till that thou knowest that the Most High is ruler in the kingdom of men, and to whom He willeth He giveth it.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They shall cast thee out from among men, and thy dwelling shall be with cattle, and with wild beasts, and thou shalt eat grass, as an ox, and shalt be wet with the dew of heaven: and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou know that the most High ruleth over the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— That they shall driue thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and they shall make thee to eate grasse as oxen, and they shall wet thee with the dew of heauen, and seuen times shall passe ouer thee, till thou know that the most high ruleth in the kingdome of men, and giueth it to whomsoeuer he will.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And they shall drive thee forth from men, and thy dwelling shall be with wild beasts, and they shall feed thee with grass as an ox, and thou shall have thy lodging under the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou known that the Most High is Lord of the kingdom of men, and will give it to whom he shall please.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— That they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and they shall wet thee with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou know that Illaya ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
That they shall drive 2957
{2957} Prime
טָרַד
t@rad
{ter-ad'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2956; to expel.
z8751
<8751> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 72
thee from 4481
{4481} Prime
מִן
min
{min}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4480.
men, 606
{0606} Prime
אֱנָשׁ
'enash
{en-awsh'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0582; a man.
and thy dwelling 4070
{4070} Prime
מְדוֹר
m@dowr
{med-ore'}
From H1753; a dwelling.
shall be 1934
{1934} Prime
הַוָא
hava'
{hav-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1933; to exist; used in a great variety of applications (especially in connection with other words).
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
with 5974
{5974} Prime
עִם
`im
{eem}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5973.
the beasts 2423
{2423} Prime
חֵיוָא
cheyva'
{khay-vaw'}
(Chaldee); from H2418; an animal.
of the field, 1251
{1251} Prime
בַּר
bar
{bar}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1250; a field.
and they shall make thee to eat 2939
{2939} Prime
טְעַם
t@`am
{teh-am'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2938; to taste; causatively to feed.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
grass 6211
{6211} Prime
עָשׂ
`ash
{awsh}
From H6244; a moth.
as oxen, 8450
{8450} Prime
תּוֹר
towr
{tore}
(Chaldee), corresponding (by permutation) to H7794; a bull.
and they shall wet 6647
{6647} Prime
צְבַע
ts@ba`
{tseb-ah'}
(Chaldee); a root corresponding to that of H6648; to dip.
z8743
<8743> Grammar
Stem - Pael (See H8835)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 19
thee with the dew 2920
{2920} Prime
טַל
tal
{tal}
(Chaldee); the same as H2919.
x4481
(4481) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4480.
of heaven, 8065
{8065} Prime
שְׁמַיִן
shamayin
{shaw-mah'-yin}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8064.
and seven 7655
{7655} Prime
שִׁבְעָה
shib`ah
{shib-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7651.
times 5732
{5732} Prime
עִדָּן
`iddan
{id-dawn'}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to that of H5708; a set time; technically a year.
shall pass 2499
{2499} Prime
חַלַף
chalaph
{khal-af'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2498; to pass on (of time).
over 5922
{5922} Prime
עַל
`al
{al}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5921.
thee, till 5705
{5705} Prime
עַד
`ad
{ad}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5704.
x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
thou know 3046
{3046} Prime
יְדַע
y@da`
{yed-ah'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3045.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
that x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
`Illäyä´ עִלָּיָא 5943
{5943} Prime
עִלָּי
`illay
{il-lah'-ee}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5942; supreme (that is, God).
ruleth 7990
{7990} Prime
שַׁלִּיט
shalliyt
{shal-leet'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7989; mighty; abstractly permission; concretely a premier.
in the kingdom 4437
{4437} Prime
מַלְכּוּ
malkuw
{mal-koo'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4438; dominion (abstractly or concretely).
of men, 606
{0606} Prime
אֱנָשׁ
'enash
{en-awsh'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0582; a man.
and giveth 5415
{5415} Prime
נְתַן
n@than
{neth-an'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5414; give.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
it to whomsoever 4479
{4479} Prime
מַן
man
{mawn}
(Chaldee); from H4101; who or what (properly interrogitive, hence also indefinite and relative).
x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
he will. 6634
{6634} Prime
צְבָּא
ts@ba'
{tseb-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6633 in the figuratively sense of summoning one's wishes; to please.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 4:25

_ _ they shall drive thee — a Chaldee idiom for “thou shalt be driven.” Hypochondriacal madness was his malady, which “drove” him under the fancy that he was a beast, to “dwell with the beasts”; Daniel 4:34 proves this, “mine understanding returned.” The regency would leave him to roam in the large beast-abounding parks attached to the palace.

_ _ eat grass — that is, vegetables, or herbs in general (Genesis 3:18).

_ _ they shall wet thee — that is, thou shalt be wet.

_ _ till thou know, etc. — (Psalms 83:17, Psalms 83:18; Jeremiah 27:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 4:19-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 4:25

They shall drive thee — This was such a thundering peal, that it was wonderful the king could endure to hear it without fury boiling in his heart, yet the Lord with — held him. Seven times — Seven years. 'Till thou know — How hard is it for lofty princes to learn this lesson.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 4:25

That they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and they shall make thee to eat grass as (m) oxen, and they shall wet thee with the dew of heaven, and seven times shall pass over thee, till thou know that (n) the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.

(m) Not that his shape or form was changed into a beast, but that he was either stricken mad, and so avoided man's company, or was cast out because of his tyranny, and so wandered among the beasts, and ate herbs and grass.

(n) Daniel shows the reason why God punished him in this way.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
drive:

Daniel 4:32-33 And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling [shall be] with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will. ... The same hour was the thing fulfilled upon Nebuchadnezzar: and he was driven from men, and did eat grass as oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven, till his hairs were grown like eagles' [feathers], and his nails like birds' [claws].
Daniel 5:21-31 And he was driven from the sons of men; and his heart was made like the beasts, and his dwelling [was] with the wild asses: they fed him with grass like oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven; till he knew that the most high God ruled in the kingdom of men, and [that] he appointeth over it whomsoever he will. ... And Darius the Median took the kingdom, [being] about threescore and two years old.
Job 30:3-8 For want and famine [they were] solitary; fleeing into the wilderness in former time desolate and waste. ... [They were] children of fools, yea, children of base men: they were viler than the earth.
Mark 5:3-4 Who had [his] dwelling among the tombs; and no man could bind him, no, not with chains: ... Because that he had been often bound with fetters and chains, and the chains had been plucked asunder by him, and the fetters broken in pieces: neither could any [man] tame him.

and thy dwelling:
All the circumstances of Nebuchadnezzar's case, says Dr. Mead, agree so well with a hypochondriasis, that to me it appears evident the Almighty God brought this dreadful distemper upon him, and under its influence he ran wild into the fields. Then fancying himself transformed into an ox, he fed on grass, after the manner of cattle; and, through neglect of himself, his hair and nails grew to an excessive length, so that the latter became thick and crooked, resembling bird's claws.

to eat:

Psalms 106:20 Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass.

till:

Daniel 4:17 This matter [is] by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones: to the intent that the living may know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will, and setteth up over it the basest of men.
Daniel 4:32 And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling [shall be] with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
Daniel 4:34-35 And at the end of the days I Nebuchadnezzar lifted up mine eyes unto heaven, and mine understanding returned unto me, and I blessed the most High, and I praised and honoured him that liveth for ever, whose dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, and his kingdom [is] from generation to generation: ... And all the inhabitants of the earth [are] reputed as nothing: and he doeth according to his will in the army of heaven, and [among] the inhabitants of the earth: and none can stay his hand, or say unto him, What doest thou?
Daniel 2:21 And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding:
Daniel 5:21 And he was driven from the sons of men; and his heart was made like the beasts, and his dwelling [was] with the wild asses: they fed him with grass like oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven; till he knew that the most high God ruled in the kingdom of men, and [that] he appointeth over it whomsoever he will.
Psalms 75:7 But God [is] the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another.
Psalms 83:18 That [men] may know that thou, whose name alone [is] JEHOVAH, [art] the most high over all the earth.
Jeremiah 27:5 I have made the earth, the man and the beast that [are] upon the ground, by my great power and by my outstretched arm, and have given it unto whom it seemed meet unto me.
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Jb 30:3. Ps 75:7; 83:18; 106:20. Jr 27:5. Dn 2:21; 4:17, 32, 34; 5:21. Mk 5:3.

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