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Daniel 4:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, was stricken dumb for a while, and his thoughts troubled him. The king answered and said, Belteshazzar, let not the dream, or the interpretation, trouble thee. Belteshazzar answered and said, My lord, the dream be to them that hate thee, and the interpretation thereof to thine adversaries.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then Daniel, whose name [was] Belteshazzar, was astonied for one hour, and his thoughts troubled him. The king spake, and said, Belteshazzar, let not the dream, or the interpretation thereof, trouble thee. Belteshazzar answered and said, My lord, the dream [be] to them that hate thee, and the interpretation thereof to thine enemies.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Then Daniel, whose name is Belteshazzar, was appalled for a while as his thoughts alarmed him. The king responded and said, ‘Belteshazzar, do not let the dream or its interpretation alarm you.’ Belteshazzar replied, ‘My lord, [if only] the dream applied to those who hate you and its interpretation to your adversaries!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then Daniel, whose name [was] Belteshazzar, was astonished for one hour, and his thoughts troubled him. The king spoke, and said, Belteshazzar, let not the dream, or the interpretation of it, trouble thee. Belteshazzar answered, and said, My lord, the dream [be] to them that hate thee, and the interpretation of it to thy enemies.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then Daniel, whose name is Belteshazzar, was astonied for one hour, and his thoughts troubled him. The king spoke and said, Belteshazzar, let not the dream, nor its interpretation, trouble thee. Belteshazzar answered and said, My lord, the dream be to them that hate thee, and its interpretation to thine enemies!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then, Daniel, whose name was Belteshazzar, was astonished for about one moment, and, his thoughts, troubled him. The king spake and said, O Belteshazzar, let neither, the dream, nor the interpretation, trouble thee. Belteshazzar answered and said, My Lord, The dream, be for them who hate thee, and, the interpretation, for them who are thy foes.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Then Daniel, whose name [is] Belteshazzar, hath been astonished about one hour, and his thoughts do trouble him; the king hath answered and said, O Belteshazzar, let not the dream and its interpretation trouble thee. Belteshazzar hath answered and said, My lord, the dream—to those hating thee, and its interpretation—to thine enemies!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then Daniel, whose name was Baltassar, began silently to think within himself for about one hour: and his thought troubled him. But the king answering, said: Baltassar, let not the dream and the interpretation thereof trouble thee. Baltassar answered, and said: My lord, the dream be to them that hate thee, and the interpretation thereof to thy enemies.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then Daniel (whose name [was] Belteshazzar) was astonied for one houre, and his thoughts troubled him: The King spake, and said, Belteshazzar, let not the dreame, or the interpretation thereof trouble thee. Belteshazzar answered; and said; My lord, the dreame [be] to them that hate thee, and the interpretation thereof to thine enemies.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then Daniel, whose name is Belteshazzar{gr.Baltasar}, was amazed about one hour, and his thoughts troubled him. And Belteshazzar{gr.Baltasar} answered and said, [My] lord, let the dream be to them that hate thee, and the interpretation of it to thine enemies.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then Daniyyel, whose name [was] Belteshatztzar, was astonied for one hour, and his thoughts troubled him. The king spake, and said, Belteshatztzar, let not the dream, or the interpretation thereof, trouble thee. Belteshatztzar answered and said, My lord, the dream [be] to them that hate thee, and the interpretation thereof to thine enemies.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then 116
{0116} Prime
אֱדַיִן
'edayin
{ed-ah'-yin}
(Chaldee); of uncertain derivation; then (of time).
Dniyyl דָּנִיֵּאל, 1841
{1841} Prime
דָּנִיֶּאל
Daniye'l
{daw-nee-yale'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1840; Danijel, the Hebrew prophet.
whose x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
name 8036
{8036} Prime
שׁוּם
shum
{shoom}
(Chaldee); shoom; corresponding to H8034.
[was] Bl+axxar בֵּלטְשַׁאצַּר, 1096
{1096} Prime
בֵּלְטְשַׁאְצַּר
Belt@sha'tstsar
{bale-tesh-ats-tsar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1095.
was astonied 8075
{8075} Prime
שְׁמַם
sh@mam
{shem-am'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8074.
z8733
<8733> Grammar
Stem - Ithpolel (See H8832)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1
for one 2298
{2298} Prime
חֲדָה
chad
{khad}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2297; as cardinal one; as article single; as ordinal first; adverbially at once.
hour, 8160
{8160} Prime
שָׁעָה
sha`ah
{shaw-aw'}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to H8159; properly a look, that is, a moment.
and his thoughts 7476
{7476} Prime
רַעְיוֹן
ra`yown
{rah-yone'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7475; a grasp, that is, (figuratively) mental conception.
troubled 927
{0927} Prime
בְּהַל
b@hal
{be-hal'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0926; to terrify, hasten.
z8792
<8792> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 93
him. The king 4430
{4430} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4428; a king.
spake, 6032
{6032} Prime
עַנָה
`anah
{an-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6030.
z8750
<8750> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 141
and said, 560
{0560} Prime
אַמַר
'amar
{am-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0559.
z8750
<8750> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 141
Bl+axxar בֵּלטְשַׁאצַּר, 1096
{1096} Prime
בֵּלְטְשַׁאְצַּר
Belt@sha'tstsar
{bale-tesh-ats-tsar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1095.
let not 409
{0409} Prime
אַל
'al
{al}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0408.
the dream, 2493
{2493} Prime
חֵלֶם
chelem
{khay'-lem}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to H2492; a dream.
or the interpretation 6591
{6591} Prime
פְּשַׁר
p@shar
{pesh-ar'}
(Chaldee); from H6590; an interpretation.
thereof, trouble 927
{0927} Prime
בְּהַל
b@hal
{be-hal'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0926; to terrify, hasten.
z8792
<8792> Grammar
Stem - Pual (See H8849)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 93
thee. Bl+axxar בֵּלטְשַׁאצַּר 1096
{1096} Prime
בֵּלְטְשַׁאְצַּר
Belt@sha'tstsar
{bale-tesh-ats-tsar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1095.
answered 6032
{6032} Prime
עַנָה
`anah
{an-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6030.
z8750
<8750> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 141
and said, 560
{0560} Prime
אַמַר
'amar
{am-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0559.
z8750
<8750> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 141
My lord, 4756
{4756} Prime
מָרֵא
mare'
{maw-ray'}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to H4754 in the sense of domineering; a master.
the dream 2493
{2493} Prime
חֵלֶם
chelem
{khay'-lem}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to H2492; a dream.
[be] to them that hate 8131
{8131} Prime
שְׂנֵא
s@ne'
{sen-ay'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8130.
z8750
<8750> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 141
thee, and the interpretation 6591
{6591} Prime
פְּשַׁר
p@shar
{pesh-ar'}
(Chaldee); from H6590; an interpretation.
thereof to thine enemies. 6146
{6146} Prime
עָר
`ar
{awr}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6145.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 4:19

_ _ Daniel ... Belteshazzar — The use of the Hebrew as well as the Chaldee name, so far from being an objection, as some have made it, is an undesigned mark of genuineness. In a proclamation to “all people,” and one designed to honor the God of the Hebrews, Nebuchadnezzar would naturally use the Hebrew name (derived from El, “God,” the name by which the prophet was best known among his countrymen), as well as the Gentile name by which he was known in the Chaldean empire.

_ _ astonied — overwhelmed with awe at the terrible import of the dream.

_ _ one hour — the original means often “a moment,” or “short time,” as in Daniel 3:6, Daniel 3:15.

_ _ let not the dream ... trouble thee — Many despots would have punished a prophet who dared to foretell his overthrow. Nebuchadnezzar assures Daniel he may freely speak out.

_ _ the dream be to them that hate thee — We are to desire the prosperity of those under whose authority God’s providence has placed us (Jeremiah 29:7). The wish here is not so much against others, as for the king: a common formula (2 Samuel 18:32). It is not the language of uncharitable hatred.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Daniel 4:19-27

_ _ We have here the interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar's dream; and when once it is applied to himself, and it is declared that he is the tree in the dream (Mutato nomine de te fabula narraturChange but the name, the fable speaks of thee), when once it is said, Thou art the man, there needs little more to be said for the explication of the dream. Out of his own mouth he is judged; so shall his doom be, he himself has decided it. The thing was so plain that Daniel, upon hearing the dream, was astonished for one hour, Daniel 4:19. He was struck with amazement and terror at so great a judgment coming upon so great a prince. His flesh trembled for fear of God. He was likewise struck with confusion when he found himself under a necessity of being the man that must bring to the king these heavy tidings, which, having received so many favours from the king, he had rather he should have heard from any one else; so far is he from desiring the woeful day that he dreads it, and the thoughts of it trouble him. Those that come after the ruined sinner are said to be astonished at his day, as those that went before, and saw it coming (as Daniel here), were affrighted, Job 18:20.

_ _ I. The preface to the interpretation is a civil compliment which, as a courtier, he passes upon the king. The king observed him to stand as one astonished, and, thinking he was loth to speak out for fear of offending him, he encouraged him to deal plainly and faithfully with him; Let not the dream, nor the interpretation thereof, trouble thee. This he speaks either, 1. As one that sincerely desired to know this truth. Note, Those that consult the oracles of God must be ready to receive them as they are, whether they be for them or against them, and must accordingly give their ministers leave to be free with them. Or, 2. As one that despised the truth, and set it at defiance. When we see how regardless he was of this warning afterwards we are tempted to think that this was his meaning; “Let it not trouble thee, for I am resolved it shall not trouble me; nor will I lay it to heart.” But, whether he have any concern for himself or no, Daniel is concerned for him, and therefore wishes, “The dream be to those that hate thee. Let the ill it bodes light on the head of thy enemies, not on thy head.” Though Nebuchadnezzar was an idolater, a persecutor, and an oppressor of the people of God, yet he was, at present, Daniel's prince; and therefore, though Daniel foresees, and is now going to foretell, ill concerning him, he dares not wish ill to him.

_ _ II. The interpretation itself is only a repetition of the dream, with application to the king. “As for the tree which thou sawest flourishing (Daniel 4:20, Daniel 4:21), it is thou, O king!Daniel 4:22. And willing enough would the king be to hear this (as, before, to hear, Thou art the head of gold), but for that which follows. He shows the king his present prosperous state in the glass of his own dream; “Thy greatness has grown and reaches as near to heaven as human greatness can do, and thy dominion is to the end of the earth,Daniel 2:37, Daniel 2:38. “As for the doom passed upon the tree (Daniel 4:23), it is the decree of the Most High, which comes upon my lord the king,Daniel 4:24. He must not only be deposed from his throne, but driven from men, and being deprived of his reason, and having a beast's heart given him, his dwelling shall be with the beasts of the field, and with them he shall be a fellow-commoner: he shall eat grass as oxen, and, like them, lie out all weathers, and be wet with the dew of heaven, and this till seven times pass over him, that is, seven years; and then he shall know that the Most High rules, and when he is brought to know and own this he shall be restored to his dominion again (Daniel 4:26): “Thy kingdom shall be sure unto thee, shall remain as firm as the stump of the tree in the ground, and thou shalt have it, after thou shalt have known that the heavens do rule.” God is here called the heavens, because it is in heaven that he has prepared his throne (Psalms 103:19), thence he beholds all the sons of men, Psalms 33:13. The heavens, even the heavens, are the Lord's; and the influence which the visible heavens have upon this earth is intended as a faint representation of the dominion the God of heaven has over this lower world; we are said to sin against heaven, Luke 15:18. Note, Then only we may expect comfortably to enjoy our right in, and government of, both ourselves and others, when we dutifully acknowledge God's title to, and dominion over, us and all we have.

_ _ III. The close of the interpretation is the pious counsel which Daniel, as a prophet, gave the king, Daniel 4:27. Whether he appeared concerned or not at the interpretation of the dream, a word of advice would be very seasonable — if careless, to awaken him, if troubled, to comfort him; and it is not inconsistent with the dream and the interpretation of it, for Daniel knew not but it might be conditional, like the prediction of Nineveh's destruction. Observe, 1. How humbly he gives his advice, and with what tenderness and respect: “O king! let my counsel be acceptable unto thee; take it in good part, as coming from love, and well-meant, and let it not be misinterpreted.” Note, Sinners need to be courted to their own good, and respectfully entreated to do well for themselves. The apostle beseeches men to suffer the word of exhortation, Hebrews 13:22. We think it a good point gained if people will be persuaded to take good counsel kindly; nay, if they will take it patiently. 2. What his advice is. He does not counsel him to enter into a course of physic, for the preventing of the distemper in his head, but to break off a course of sin that he was in, to reform his life. He wronged his own subjects, and dealt unfairly with his allies; and he must break off this by righteousness, by rendering to all their due, making amends for wrong done, and not triumphing over right with might. He had been cruel to the poor, to God's poor, to the poor Jews; and he must break off this iniquity by showing mercy to those poor, pitying those oppressed ones, setting them at liberty or making their captivity easy to them. Note, It is necessary, in repentance, that we not only cease to do evil, but learn to do well, not only do no wrong to any, but do good to all. 3. What the motive is with which he backs this advice: If it may be a lengthening of thy tranquility. Though it should not wholly prevent the judgment, yet by this means a reprieve may be obtained, as by Ahab's humbling himself, 1 Kings 21:29. Either the trouble may be the longer before it comes or the shorter when it does come; yet he cannot assure him of this, but it may be, it may prove so. Note, The mere probability of preventing a temporal judgment is inducement enough to a work so good in itself as the leaving off of our sins and reforming of our lives, much more the certainty of preventing our eternal ruin. “That will be a healing of thy error” (so some read it); “thus the quarrel will be taken up, and all will be well again.”

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 4:19

Troubled him — Because he fore — saw such troubles coming upon the king for whom he had a high reverence. Let not the dream trouble thee — Speak out, let the event be what it will. Belteshazzar said — What address and how excellent a spirit is shewn in this short preface.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 4:19

Then Daniel, whose name [was] Belteshazzar, was (k) astonied for one hour, and his thoughts troubled him. The king spake, and said, Belteshazzar, let not the dream, or the interpretation thereof, trouble thee. Belteshazzar answered and said, My lord, the dream [be] to them that hate thee, and the interpretation thereof to thine enemies.

(k) He was troubled because of the great judgment of God, which he saw ordained against the king. And so the Prophets on the one hand used to make known God's judgments for the zeal they had for his glory, and on the other hand had compassion upon man. And they also considered that they would be subject to God's judgments, if he did not regard them with pity.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Daniel:

Daniel 4:8 But at the last Daniel came in before me, whose name [was] Belteshazzar, according to the name of my god, and in whom [is] the spirit of the holy gods: and before him I told the dream, [saying],
Daniel 1:7 Unto whom the prince of the eunuchs gave names: for he gave unto Daniel [the name] of Belteshazzar; and to Hananiah, of Shadrach; and to Mishael, of Meshach; and to Azariah, of Abednego.
Daniel 2:26 The king answered and said to Daniel, whose name [was] Belteshazzar, Art thou able to make known unto me the dream which I have seen, and the interpretation thereof?
Daniel 5:12 Forasmuch as an excellent spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, interpreting of dreams, and shewing of hard sentences, and dissolving of doubts, were found in the same Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar: now let Daniel be called, and he will shew the interpretation.

was astonied:
He saw the design of the dream; and felt acutely for his prince and benefactor. Accordingly he expresses himself with the greatest delicacy and kindly feeling.
Daniel 4:9 O Belteshazzar, master of the magicians, because I know that the spirit of the holy gods [is] in thee, and no secret troubleth thee, tell me the visions of my dream that I have seen, and the interpretation thereof.
Daniel 7:28 Hitherto [is] the end of the matter. As for me Daniel, my cogitations much troubled me, and my countenance changed in me: but I kept the matter in my heart.
Daniel 8:27 And I Daniel fainted, and was sick [certain] days; afterward I rose up, and did the king's business; and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood [it].
Daniel 10:16-17 And, behold, [one] like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips: then I opened my mouth, and spake, and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have retained no strength. ... For how can the servant of this my lord talk with this my lord? for as for me, straightway there remained no strength in me, neither is there breath left in me.
Jeremiah 4:19 My bowels, my bowels! I am pained at my very heart; my heart maketh a noise in me; I cannot hold my peace, because thou hast heard, O my soul, the sound of the trumpet, the alarm of war.
Habakkuk 3:10 The mountains saw thee, [and] they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice, [and] lifted up his hands on high.

let:

Daniel 4:4-5 I Nebuchadnezzar was at rest in mine house, and flourishing in my palace: ... I saw a dream which made me afraid, and the thoughts upon my bed and the visions of my head troubled me.
1 Samuel 3:17 And he said, What [is] the thing that [the LORD] hath said unto thee? I pray thee hide [it] not from me: God do so to thee, and more also, if thou hide [any] thing from me of all the things that he said unto thee.

My Lord:

Daniel 4:24 This [is] the interpretation, O king, and this [is] the decree of the most High, which is come upon my lord the king:
Daniel 10:16 And, behold, [one] like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips: then I opened my mouth, and spake, and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have retained no strength.
Genesis 31:35 And she said to her father, Let it not displease my lord that I cannot rise up before thee; for the custom of women [is] upon me. And he searched, but found not the images.
Genesis 32:4-5 And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall ye speak unto my lord Esau; Thy servant Jacob saith thus, I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed there until now: ... And I have oxen, and asses, flocks, and menservants, and womenservants: and I have sent to tell my lord, that I may find grace in thy sight.
Genesis 32:18 Then thou shalt say, [They be] thy servant Jacob's; it [is] a present sent unto my lord Esau: and, behold, also he [is] behind us.
Exodus 32:32 Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.
1 Samuel 1:15 And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I [am] a woman of a sorrowful spirit: I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but have poured out my soul before the LORD.
1 Samuel 24:8 David also arose afterward, and went out of the cave, and cried after Saul, saying, My lord the king. And when Saul looked behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed himself.
1 Samuel 26:15 And David said to Abner, [Art] not thou a [valiant] man? and who [is] like to thee in Israel? wherefore then hast thou not kept thy lord the king? for there came one of the people in to destroy the king thy lord.
2 Samuel 18:31 And, behold, Cushi came; and Cushi said, Tidings, my lord the king: for the LORD hath avenged thee this day of all them that rose up against thee.
1 Kings 18:7 And as Obadiah was in the way, behold, Elijah met him: and he knew him, and fell on his face, and said, [Art] thou that my lord Elijah?

the dream:

2 Samuel 18:32 And the king said unto Cushi, Is the young man Absalom safe? And Cushi answered, The enemies of my lord the king, and all that rise against thee to do [thee] hurt, be as [that] young man [is].
Jeremiah 29:7 And seek the peace of the city whither I have caused you to be carried away captives, and pray unto the LORD for it: for in the peace thereof shall ye have peace.
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Gn 31:35; 32:4, 18. Ex 32:32. 1S 1:15; 3:17; 24:8; 26:15. 2S 18:31, 32. 1K 18:7. Jr 4:19; 29:7. Dn 1:7; 2:26; 4:4, 8, 9, 24; 5:12; 7:28; 8:27; 10:16. Hab 3:10.

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