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Daniel 4:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The leaves thereof were fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it was food for all: the beasts of the field had shadow under it, and the birds of the heavens dwelt in the branches thereof, and all flesh was fed from it.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The leaves thereof [were] fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it [was] meat for all: the beasts of the field had shadow under it, and the fowls of the heaven dwelt in the boughs thereof, and all flesh was fed of it.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘Its foliage [was] beautiful and its fruit abundant, And in it [was] food for all. The beasts of the field found shade under it, And the birds of the sky dwelt in its branches, And all living creatures fed themselves from it.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Its leaves [were] fair, and its fruit abundant, and in it [was] food for all: the beasts of the field had shade under it, and the fowls of heaven dwelt among its boughs, and all flesh was fed from it.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Its leaves were beautiful, and its fruit abundant, and in it was food for all: the beasts of the field found shade under it, and the birds of the heavens dwelt in its branches, and all flesh was fed from it.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The foliage thereof, was beautiful, and, the fruit thereof, abundant, and there was food for all therein,—under it, the wild beast of the field found shade, and, among its branches, dwelt the birds of the heavens, and, therefrom, was well fed, all flesh.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— its leaves [are] fair, and its budding great, and food for all [is] in it: under it take shade doth the beast of the field, and in its boughs dwell do the birds of the heavens, and of it fed are all flesh.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Its leaves were most beautiful, and its fruit exceeding much: and in it was food for all: under it dwelt cattle and beasts, and in the branches thereof the fowls of the air had their abode: and all flesh did eat of it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The leaues thereof [were] faire, and the fruite thereof much, and in it [was] meate for all: the beasts of the field had shadow vnder it, and the foules of the heauen dwelt in the boughes thereof, and all flesh was fed of it.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— its leaves were fair, and its fruit abundant, and in it was meat for all; and under it the wild beasts of the field took shelter, and the birds of the sky lodged in the branches of it, and all flesh was fed of it.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The leaves thereof [were] fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it [was] meat for all: the beasts of the field had shadow under it, and the fowls of the heaven dwelt in the boughs thereof, and all flesh was fed of it.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The leaves 6074
{6074} Prime
עֳפִי
`ophiy
{of-ee'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6073; a twig; bough, that is, (collectively) foliage.
thereof [were] fair, 8209
{8209} Prime
שַׁפִּיר
shappiyr
{shap-peer'}
(Chaldee); intensive of a form corresponding to H8208; beautiful.
and the fruit 4
{0004} Prime
אֵב
'eb
{abe}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0003.
thereof much, 7690
{7690} Prime
שַׂגִּיאָ
saggiy'
{sag-ghee'}
H0003 (Chaldee); corresponding to H7689; large (in size, quantity or number, also adverbially).
and in it [was] meat 4203
{4203} Prime
מָזוֹן
mazown
{maw-zone'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4202.
for all: 3606
{3606} Prime
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3605.
the beasts 2423
{2423} Prime
חֵיוָא
cheyva'
{khay-vaw'}
(Chaldee); from H2418; an animal.
of the field 1251
{1251} Prime
בַּר
bar
{bar}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1250; a field.
had shadow 2927
{2927} Prime
טְלַל
t@lal
{tel-al'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2926; to cover with shade.
z8681
<8681> Grammar
Stem - Aphel (See H8817)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 36
under 8460
{8460} Prime
תְּחוֹת
t@chowth
{tekh-oth'}
(Chaldee), corresponding to H8478; beneath.
it, and the fowls 6853
{6853} Prime
צִפַּר
ts@phar
{tsef-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6833; a bird.
of the heaven 8065
{8065} Prime
שְׁמַיִן
shamayin
{shaw-mah'-yin}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8064.
dwelt 1753
{1753} Prime
דּוּר
duwr
{dure}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1752; to reside.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
in the boughs 6056
{6056} Prime
עֲנַף
`anaph
{an-af'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6057.
thereof, and all 3606
{3606} Prime
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3605.
flesh 1321
{1321} Prime
בְּשַׂר
b@sar
{bes-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1320.
was fed 2110
{2110} Prime
זוּן
zuwn
{zoon}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2109.
z8729
<8729> Grammar
Stem - Ithpeel (See H8830)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 7
of x4481
(4481) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4480.
it. y4481
[4481] Standard
מִן
min
{min}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4480.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 4:12

_ _ beasts ... shadow under it — implying that God’s purpose in establishing empires in the world is that they may be as trees affording men “fruits” for “meat,” and a “shadow” for “rest” (compare Lamentations 4:20). But the world powers abuse their trust for self; therefore Messiah comes to plant the tree of His gospel kingdom, which alone shall realize God’s purpose (Ezekiel 17:23; Matthew 13:32). Herodotus [7.19] mentions a dream (probably suggested by the tradition of this dream of Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel) which Xerxes had; namely, that he was crowned with olive, and that the branches of the olive filled the whole earth, but that afterwards the crown vanished from his head: signifying his universal dominion soon to come to an end.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 4:4-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the beasts:

Jeremiah 27:6-7 And now have I given all these lands into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my servant; and the beasts of the field have I given him also to serve him. ... And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.
Ezekiel 17:23 In the mountain of the height of Israel will I plant it: and it shall bring forth boughs, and bear fruit, and be a goodly cedar: and under it shall dwell all fowl of every wing; in the shadow of the branches thereof shall they dwell.
Ezekiel 31:6 All the fowls of heaven made their nests in his boughs, and under his branches did all the beasts of the field bring forth their young, and under his shadow dwelt all great nations.

shadow:

Lamentations 4:20 The breath of our nostrils, the anointed of the LORD, was taken in their pits, of whom we said, Under his shadow we shall live among the heathen.

the fowls:

Mark 13:32 But of that day and [that] hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.
Luke 13:19 It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his garden; and it grew, and waxed a great tree; and the fowls of the air lodged in the branches of it.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jr 27:6. Lm 4:20. Ezk 17:23; 31:6. Mk 13:32. Lk 13:19.

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