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Daniel 3:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego: [therefore] he spake, and commanded that they should heat the furnace seven times more than it was wont to be heated.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego: [therefore] he spake, and commanded that they should heat the furnace one seven times more than it was wont to be heated.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then Nebuchadnezzar was filled with wrath, and his facial expression was altered toward Shadrach, Meshach and Abed-nego. He answered by giving orders to heat the furnace seven times more than it was usually heated.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego: [therefore] he spoke, and commanded that they should heat the furnace seven times more than it was wont to be heated.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego. He spoke, and commanded that they should heat the furnace seven times more than it was wont to be heated.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then, Nebuchadnezzar, was filled with wrath, and, the likeness of his countenance, was changed, against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego,—he spake and gave word to heat the furnace seven times hotter than it was ever seen heated;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Then Nebuchadnezzar hath been full of fury, and the expression of his face hath been changed concerning Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-Nego; he answered and said to heat the furnace seven times above that which it is seen to be heated;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then was Nabuchodonosor filled with fury: and the countenance of his face was changed against Sidrach, Misach, and Abdenago, and he commanded that the furnace should be heated seven times more than it had been accustomed to be heated.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then was Nebuchad-nezzar full of furie, and the forme of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego: [therefore] he spake and commanded, that they should heat the furnace one seuen times more then it was wont to be heat.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Then Nebuchadnezzar{gr.Nabuchodonosor} was filled with wrath, and the form of his countenance was changed toward Shadrach{gr.Sedrach}, Meshach{gr.Misach}, and Abednego{gr.Abdenago}: and he gave orders to heat the furnace seven times [more than usual], until it should burn to the uttermost.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then was Nevukhadnetztzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrakh, Meshakh, and Aved Nego: [therefore] he spake, and commanded that they should heat the furnace one seven times more than it was wont to be heated.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then 116
{0116} Prime
(Chaldee); of uncertain derivation; then (of time).
was Nvanexxar נְבוּכַדנֶאצַּר 5020
{5020} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5019.
full 4391
{4391} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4390; to fill.
<8728> Grammar
Stem - Ithpeal (See H8829)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12
of fury, 2528
{2528} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2534; anger.
and the form 6755
{6755} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6754; an idolatrous figure.
of his visage 600
{0600} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0639 (only in the plural as a singular); the face.
was changed 8133
{8133} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8132.
<8724> Grammar
Stem - Ithpael (See H8828)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 6
against 5922
{5922} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5921.
ara שַׁדרַך, 7715
{7715} Prime
(Chaldee); the same as H7714.
Ma מֵישַׁך, 4336
{4336} Prime
(Chaldee); of foreign origin and doubtful signification; Meshak, the Babylonian name of H4333.
and `v Nq עֲבֵד־נְגוֹ: 5665
{5665} Prime
עֲבֵד נְגוֹא
`Abed N@gow'
{ab-ade' neg-o'}
(Chaldee); of foreign origin; Abed-Nego, the name of Azariah.
[therefore] he spake, 6032
{6032} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6030.
<8750> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 141
and commanded 560
{0560} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0559.
<8750> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 141
that they should heat 228
{0228} Prime
(Chaldee); to kindle; (by implication) to heat.
<8749> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 31
the furnace 861
{0861} Prime
(Chaldee); probably corresponding to H0784; probably a fireplace, that is, furnace.
one 2298
{2298} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2297; as cardinal one; as article single; as ordinal first; adverbially at once.
seven times 7655
{7655} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7651.
more 5922
{5922} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5921.
than 1768
{1768} Prime
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
it was wont 2370
{2370} Prime
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2372; to gaze upon; mentally to dream, be usual (that is, seem).
<8752> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 51
to be heated. 228
{0228} Prime
(Chaldee); to kindle; (by implication) to heat.
<8749> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 31
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 3:19

_ _ visage ... changed — He had shown forbearance (Daniel 3:14, Daniel 3:15) as a favor to them, but now that they despise even his forbearance, anger “fills” him, and is betrayed in his whole countenance.

_ _ seven times more than it was wont — literally, “than it was (ever) seen to be heated.” Seven is the perfect number; that is, it was made as hot as possible. Passion overdoes and defeats its own end, for the hotter the fire, the sooner were they likely to be put out of pain.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Daniel 3:19-27

_ _ In these verses we have,

_ _ I. The casting of these three faithful servants of God into the fiery furnace. Nebuchadnezzar had himself known and owned so much of the true God that, one would have thought, though his pride and vanity induced him to make this golden image, and set it up to be worshipped, yet what these young men now said (whom he had formerly found to be wiser than all his wise men) would revive his convictions, and at least engage him to excuse them; but it proved quite otherwise. 1. Instead of being convinced by what they said, he was exasperated, and made more outrageous, Daniel 3:19. It made him full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against these men. Note, Brutish passions the more they are indulged the more violent they grow, and even change the countenance, to the great reproach of the wisdom and reason of a man. Nebuchadnezzar, in this heat, exchanged the awful majesty of a prince upon his throne, or a judge upon the bench, for the frightful fury of a wild bull in a net. Would men in a passion but view their faces in a glass, they would blush at their own folly and turn all their displeasure against themselves. 2. Instead of mitigating their punishment, in consideration of their quality and the posts of honour they were in, he ordered it to be heightened, that they should heat the furnace seven times more than it was wont to be heated for other malefactors, that is, that they should put seven times more fuel to it, which, though it would not make their death more grievous, but rather dispatch them sooner, was designed to signify that the king looked upon their crime as seven times more heinous than the crimes of others, and so made their death more ignominious. But God brought glory to himself out of this foolish instance of the tyrant's rage; for, though it would not have made their death the more grievous, yet it did make their deliverance much the more illustrious. 3. He ordered them to be bound in their clothes, and cast into the midst of the burning fiery furnace, which was done accordingly, Daniel 3:20, Daniel 3:21. They were bound, that they might not struggle, or make any resistance, were bound in their clothes, for haste, or that they might be consumed the more slowly and gradually. But God's providence ordered it for the increase of the miracle, in that their clothes were not so much as singed. They were bound in their coats or mantles, their hosen or breeches, and their hats or turbans, as if, in detestation of their crime, they would have their clothes to be burnt with them. What a terrible death was this — to be cast bound into the midst of a burning fiery furnace! Daniel 3:23. It makes one's flesh tremble to think of it, and horror to take hold on one. It is amazing that the tyrant was so hard-hearted as to inflict such a punishment, and that the confessors were so stout-hearted as to submit to it rather than sin against God. But what is this to the second death, to that furnace into which the tares shall be cast in bundles, to that lake which burns eternally with fire and brimstone? Let Nebuchadnezzar heat his furnace as hot as he can, a few minutes will finish the torment of those who are cast into it; but hell-fire tortures and does not kill. The pain of damned sinners is more exquisite, and the smoke of their torment ascends for ever and ever, and those have no rest, no intermission, no cessation of their pains, who have worshipped the beast and his image (Revelation 14:10, Revelation 14:11), whereas their pain would be soon over that were cast into this furnace for not worshipping this Babylonian beast and his image. 4. It was a remarkable providence that the men, the mighty men, that bound them, and threw them into the furnace, were themselves consumed or suffocated by the flame, Daniel 3:22. The king's commandment was urgent, that they should dispatch them quickly, and be sure to do it effectually; and therefore they resolved to go to the very mouth of the furnace, that they might throw them into the midst of it, but they were in such haste that they would not take time to arm themselves accordingly. The apocryphal additions to Daniel say that the flame ascended forty-nine cubits above the mouth of the furnace. Probably God ordered it so that the wind blew it directly upon them with such violence that it smothered them. God did thus immediately plead the cause of his injured servants, and take vengeance for them on their persecutors, whom he punished, not only in the very act of their sin, but by it. But these men were only the instruments of cruelty; he that bade them do it had the greater sin; yet they suffered justly for executing an unjust decree, and it is very probable that they did it with pleasure and were glad to be so employed. Nebuchadnezzar himself was reserved for a further reckoning. There is a day coming when proud tyrants will be punished, not only for the cruelties they have been guilty of, but for employing those about them in their cruelties, and so exposing them to the judgments of God.

_ _ II. The deliverance of these three faithful servants of God out of the furnace. When they were cast bound into the midst of that devouring fire we might well conclude that we should hear no more of them, that their very bones would be calcined; but, to our amazement, we here find that Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, are yet alive.

_ _ 1. Nebuchadnezzar finds them walking in the fire. He was astonished, and rose up in haste, Daniel 3:24. Perhaps the slaying of the men that executed his sentence was that which astonished him, as well it might, for he had reason to think his own turn would be next; or it was some unaccountable impression upon his own mind that astonished him, and made him rise up in haste, and go to the furnace, to see what had become of those he had cast into it. Note, God can strike those with astonishment whose hearts are most hardened both against him and against his people. He that made the soul can make his sword to approach to it, even to that of the greatest tyrant. In his astonishment he calls his counsellors about him, and appeals to them. Did we not cast three men bound into the fire? It seems, it was done by order, not only of the king, but of the council. They durst not but concur with him, which he forced them to do, that they might share with him in the guilt and odium? “True, O king!” say they; “we did order such an execution to be done and it was done.” “But now,” says the king, “I have been looking into the furnace, and I see four men, loose, walking in the midst of the fire,Daniel 3:25. (1.) They were loosed from their bonds. The fire that did not so much as singe their clothes burnt the cords wherewith they were bound, and set them at liberty; thus God's people have their hearts enlarged, through the grace of God, by those very troubles with which their enemies designed to straiten and hamper them. (2.) They had no hurt, made no complaint, felt no pain or uneasiness in the least; the flame did not scorch them; the smoke did not stifle them; they were alive and as well as ever in the midst of the flames. See how God of nature can, when he pleases, control the powers of nature, to make them serve his purposes. Now was fulfilled in the letter gracious promise (Isaiah 43:2), When thou walkest through the fire thou shalt not be burnt, neither shall the flame kindle upon thee. By faith they quench the violence of the fire, quench the fiery darts of the wicked. (3.) They walked in the midst of the fire. The furnace was large, so that they had room to walk; they were unhurt, so that they were able to walk; their minds were easy, so that they were disposed to walk, as in a paradise or garden of pleasure. Can a man walk upon hot coals and his feet not be burnt? Proverbs 6:28. Yes, they did it with as much pleasure as the king of Tyrus walked up and down in the midst of his stones of fire, his precious stones that sparkled as fire, Ezekiel 28:14. They were not striving to get out, finding themselves unhurt; but, leaving it to that God who preserved them in the fire to bring them out of it, they walked up and down in the midst of it unconcerned. One of the apocryphal writings relates at large the prayer which Azariah, one of the three, prayed in the fire (wherein he laments the calamities and iniquities of Israel, and entreats God's favour to his people), and the song of praise which they all three sang in the midst of the flames, in both which there are remarkable strains of devotion; but we have reason to think, with Grotius, that they were composed by some Jew of a later age, not as what were used, but only as what might have been used, on this occasion, and therefore we justly reject them as no part of holy writ. (4.) There was a fourth seen with them in the fire, whose form, in Nebuchadnezzar's judgment, was like the Son of God; he appeared as a divine person, a messenger from heaven, not as a servant, but as a son. Like an angel (so some); and angels are called sons of God, Job 38:7. In the apocryphal narrative of this story it is said, The angel of the Lord came down into the furnace; and Nebuchadnezzar here says (Daniel 3:28), God sent his angel and delivered them; and it was an angel that shut the lions' mouths when Daniel was in the den, Daniel 6:22. But some think it was the eternal Son of God, the angel of the covenant, and not a created angel. He appeared often in our nature before he assumed it in his incarnation, and never more seasonable, nor to give a more proper indication and presage of his great errand into the world in the fulness of time, than now, when, to deliver his chosen out of the fire, he came and walked with them in the fire. Note, Those that suffer for Christ have his gracious presence with them in their sufferings, even in the fiery furnace, even in the valley of the shadow of death, and therefore even there they need fear no evil. Hereby Christ showed that what is done against his people he takes as done against himself; whoever throws them into the furnace does, in effect, throw him in. I an Jesus, whom thou persecutest, Isaiah 63:9.

_ _ 2. Nebuchadnezzar calls them out of the furnace (Daniel 3:26): He comes near to the mouth of the burning fiery furnace, and bids them come forth and come hither. Come forth, come (so some read it); he speaks with a great deal of tenderness and concern, and stands ready to lend them his hand and help them out. He is convinced by their miraculous preservation that he did evil in casting them into the furnace; and therefore he does not thrust them out privily; no verily, but he will come himself and fetch them out, Acts 16:37. Observe the respectful title that he gives them. When he was in the heat of his fury and rage against them it is probable that he called them rebels, and traitors, and all the ill names he could invent; but now he owns them for the servants of the most high God, a God who now appears able to deliver them out of his hand. Note, Sooner or later, God will convince the proudest of men that he is the most high God, and above them, and too hard for them, even in those things wherein they deal proudly and presumptuously, Exodus 18:11. He will likewise let them know are who his servants, and that he owns them and will stand by them. Elijah prayed (1 Kings 18:36), Let it be known that thou art God and that I am thy servant. Nebuchadnezzar now embraces those whom he had abandoned, and is very officious about them, now that he perceives them to be the favourites of Heaven. Note, What persecutors have done against God's servants, when God opens their eyes, they must as far as they can undo again. How the fourth, whose form was like the Son of God, withdrew, and whether he vanished away or visibly ascended, we are not told, but of the other three we are informed, (1.) That they came forth out of the midst of the fire, as Abraham their father out of Ur (that is, the fire) of the Chaldees, into which, says this tradition of the Jews, he was cast, for refusing to worship idols, and out of which he was delivered, as those his three children were. When they had their discharge they did not tempt God by staying in any longer, but came forth as brands out of the burning. (2.) That it was made to appear, to the full satisfaction of all the amazed spectators, that they had not received the least damage by the fire, Daniel 3:27. All the great men came together to view them, and found that there was not so much as a hair of their head singed. Here that was true in the letter which our Saviour spoke figuratively, for an assurance to his suffering servants that they should sustain no real damage (Luke 21:18), There shall not a hair of your head perish. Their clothes did not so much as change colour, nor smell of fire, much less were their bodies in the least scorched or blistered; no, the fire had no power on them. The Chaldeans worshipped the fire, as a sort of image of the sun, so that, in restraining the fire now, God put contempt, not only upon their king, but upon their god too, and showed that his voice divides the flames of fire as well as the floods of water (Psalms 29:7), when he pleases to make a way for his people through the midst of it. It is our God only that is the consuming fire (Hebrews 12:29); other fire, if he but speak the word, shall not consume.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 3:19

Then was Nebuchadnezzar full of fury, and the form of his visage was changed against Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego: [therefore] he spake, and commanded that they should heat the furnace one seven (i) times more than it was wont to be heated.

(i) This declares that the more that tyrants rage, and the more crafty they show themselves in inventing strange and cruel punishments, the more is God glorified by his servants, to whom he gives patience and constancy to abide the cruelty of their punishment. For either he delvers them from death, or else for this life gives them better.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
was Nebuchadnezzar:

Daniel 3:13 Then Nebuchadnezzar in [his] rage and fury commanded to bring Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego. Then they brought these men before the king.
Proverbs 21:24 Proud [and] haughty scorner [is] his name, who dealeth in proud wrath.
Isaiah 51:23 But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; which have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over: and thou hast laid thy body as the ground, and as the street, to them that went over.
Luke 12:4-5 And I say unto you my friends, Be not afraid of them that kill the body, and after that have no more that they can do. ... But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.
Acts 5:33 When they heard [that], they were cut [to the heart], and took counsel to slay them.
Acts 7:54 When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with [their] teeth.

Chal, filled

the form:

Daniel 5:6 Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against another.
Genesis 4:5-6 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell. ... And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen?
Genesis 31:2 And Jacob beheld the countenance of Laban, and, behold, it [was] not toward him as before.

he spake:

Exodus 15:9-10 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them. ... Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.
1 Kings 20:10-11 And Benhadad sent unto him, and said, The gods do so unto me, and more also, if the dust of Samaria shall suffice for handfuls for all the people that follow me. ... And the king of Israel answered and said, Tell [him], Let not him that girdeth on [his harness] boast himself as he that putteth it off.
2 Kings 19:27-28 But I know thy abode, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy rage against me. ... Because thy rage against me and thy tumult is come up into mine ears, therefore I will put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.
Psalms 76:10 Surely the wrath of man shall praise thee: the remainder of wrath shalt thou restrain.
Proverbs 16:14 The wrath of a king [is as] messengers of death: but a wise man will pacify it.
Proverbs 27:3-4 A stone [is] heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool's wrath [is] heavier than them both. ... Wrath [is] cruel, and anger [is] outrageous; but who [is] able to stand before envy?

one seven:

Daniel 6:24 And the king commanded, and they brought those men which had accused Daniel, and they cast [them] into the den of lions, them, their children, and their wives; and the lions had the mastery of them, and brake all their bones in pieces or ever they came at the bottom of the den.
Leviticus 26:18 And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins.
Leviticus 26:21 And if ye walk contrary unto me, and will not hearken unto me; I will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins.
Leviticus 26:24 Then will I also walk contrary unto you, and will punish you yet seven times for your sins.
Leviticus 26:28 Then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins.


1 Kings 18:33-35 And he put the wood in order, and cut the bullock in pieces, and laid [him] on the wood, and said, Fill four barrels with water, and pour [it] on the burnt sacrifice, and on the wood. ... And the water ran round about the altar; and he filled the trench also with water.
Matthew 27:63-66 Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. ... So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch.
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Gn 4:5; 31:2. Ex 15:9. Lv 26:18, 21, 24, 28. 1K 18:33; 20:10. 2K 19:27. Ps 76:10. Pv 16:14; 21:24; 27:3. Is 51:23. Dn 3:13; 5:6; 6:24. Mt 27:63. Lk 12:4. Ac 5:33; 7:54.

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