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Daniel 2:39 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee; and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “After you there will arise another kingdom inferior to you, then another third kingdom of bronze, which will rule over all the earth.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee; then another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, after thee, shall arise another kingdom, inferior to thee,—and another—a third kingdom, of bronze, which shall bear rule throughout all the earth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And after thee doth rise up another kingdom lower than those, and another third kingdom of brass, that doth rule overall the earth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And after thee shall rise up another kingdom, inferior to thee, of silver: and another third kingdom of brass, which shall rule over all the world.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And after thee shall arise an other kingdome inferiour to thee, and another third kingdome of brasse, which shall beare rule ouer all the earth.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou art the head of gold. And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, an a third kingdom which is the brass, which shall have dominion over all the earth;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And after 870
{0870} Prime
אֲתַר
'athar
{ath-ar'}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to that of H0871; a place; (adverbially) after.
thee shall arise 6966
{6966} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6965.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
another 317
{0317} Prime
אָחֳרִי
'ochoriy
{okh-or-ee'}
(Chaldee); from H0311; other.
kingdom 4437
{4437} Prime
מַלְכּוּ
malkuw
{mal-koo'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4438; dominion (abstractly or concretely).
inferior 772
{0772} Prime
אֲרַע
'ara`
{ar-ah'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0776; the earth; by implication (figuratively) low.
to x4481
(4481) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4480.
thee, y4481
[4481] Standard
מִן
min
{min}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4480.
and another 317
{0317} Prime
אָחֳרִי
'ochoriy
{okh-or-ee'}
(Chaldee); from H0311; other.
third 8523
{8523} Prime
תְּלִיתָי
t@liythay
{tel-ee-thah'-ee}
(Chaldee); ordinal from H8532; third.
kingdom 4437
{4437} Prime
מַלְכּוּ
malkuw
{mal-koo'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4438; dominion (abstractly or concretely).
of x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
brass, 5174
{5174} Prime
נְחָשׁ
n@chash
{nekh-awsh'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5154; copper.
which x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
shall bear rule 7981
{7981} Prime
שְׁלַט
sh@let
{shel-ate'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7980.
z8748
<8748> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 145
over all 3606
{3606} Prime
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3605.
the earth. 772
{0772} Prime
אֲרַע
'ara`
{ar-ah'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0776; the earth; by implication (figuratively) low.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 2:39

_ _ That Medo-Persia is the second kingdom appears from Daniel 5:28 and Daniel 8:20. Compare 2 Chronicles 36:20; Isaiah 21:2.

_ _ inferior — “The kings of Persia were the worst race of men that ever governed an empire” [Prideaux]. Politically (which is the main point of view here) the power of the central government in which the nobles shared with the king, being weakened by the growing independence of the provinces, was inferior to that of Nebuchadnezzar, whose sole word was law throughout his empire.

_ _ brass — The Greeks (the third empire, Daniel 8:21; Daniel 10:20; Daniel 11:2-4) were celebrated for the brazen armor of their warriors. Jerome fancifully thinks that the brass, as being a clear-sounding metal, refers to the eloquence for which Greece was famed. The “belly,” in Daniel 2:32, may refer to the drunkenness of Alexander and the luxury of the Ptolemies [Tirinus].

_ _ over all the earth — Alexander commanded that he should be called “king of all the world” [Justin, 12. sec. 16.9; Arrian, Campaigns of Alexander, 7. sec. 15]. The four successors (diadochi) who divided Alexander’s dominions at his death, of whom the Seleucidae in Syria and the Lagidae in Egypt were chief, held the same empire.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 2:31-45.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 2:39

Another kingdom — This was that of the Medes and Persians, inferior in time for it lasted not half so long as the Assyrian in prosperity and tranquillity; yet, was this wonderful, rich and large for a time. Third kingdom — This was the Grecian monarchy under Alexander the great, called brass, because coarser than the other. Over all the earth — Alexander marched even to the Indies, and was said to conquer the world.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 2:39

And after thee shall arise another kingdom (s) inferior to thee, and another (t) third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.

(s) Meaning, the Persians who were not inferior in dignity, power, or riches, but were worse with regard to ambition, cruelty, and every type of vice, showing that the world would grow worse and worse, until it was restored by Christ.

(t) That is, those of the Macedonians will be of brass, not alluding to the hardness of it, but to the vileness with regard to silver.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
another kingdom:
The empire of the Medes and Persians, whose union was denoted by the breast and two arms of silver; and which was established on the ruins of that of the Chaldeans on the capture of Babylon by Cyrus, bc 538.
Daniel 2:32 This image's head [was] of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,
Daniel 5:28-31 PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians. ... And Darius the Median took the kingdom, [being] about threescore and two years old.
Daniel 7:5 And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and [it had] three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh.
Daniel 8:3-4 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had [two] horns: and the [two] horns [were] high; but one [was] higher than the other, and the higher came up last. ... I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither [was there any] that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
Daniel 8:20 The ram which thou sawest having [two] horns [are] the kings of Media and Persia.
Daniel 11:2 And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than [they] all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia.
Isaiah 44:28 That saith of Cyrus, [He is] my shepherd, and shall perform all my pleasure: even saying to Jerusalem, Thou shalt be built; and to the temple, Thy foundation shall be laid.
Isaiah 45:1-5 Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the loins of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut; ... I [am] the LORD, and [there is] none else, [there is] no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me:

another third:
The empire of the Macedonians, or "brazen-coated Greeks," aptly denoted by the belly and thighs of brass, founded by Alexander the Great, who terminated the Persian monarchy by the overthrow of Darius Codomanus at Arbela, bc 331;
Daniel 2:32 This image's head [was] of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,
Daniel 7:6-7 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it. ... After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it [was] diverse from all the beasts that [were] before it; and it had ten horns.
Daniel 7:23 Thus he said, The fourth beast shall be the fourth kingdom upon earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces.
Daniel 8:5-14 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat [had] a notable horn between his eyes. ... And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.
Daniel 10:20 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come.
Daniel 11:3-20 And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will. ... Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes [in] the glory of the kingdom: but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.
Zechariah 6:3 And in the third chariot white horses; and in the fourth chariot grisled and bay horses.
Zechariah 6:6 The black horses which [are] therein go forth into the north country; and the white go forth after them; and the grisled go forth toward the south country.
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Is 44:28; 45:1. Dn 2:32; 5:28; 7:5, 6, 23; 8:3, 5, 20; 10:20; 11:2, 3. Zc 6:3, 6.

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