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Daniel 2:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon its feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them in pieces.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet [that were] of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “You continued looking until a stone was cut out without hands, and it struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and crushed them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou sawest till a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet [that were] of iron and clay, and broke them to pieces.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou sawest till a stone was cut out without hands; and it smote the image upon its feet of iron and clay, and broke them to pieces.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou didst look, until that a stone tare itself away, not by the aid of hands, and smote the image upon its feet, which were of iron and clay,—and they were broken in pieces.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thou wast looking till that a stone hath been cut out without hands, and it hath smitten the image on its feet, that [are] of iron and of clay, and it hath broken them small;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thus thou sawest, till a stone was cut out of a mountain without hands: and it struck the statue upon the feet thereof that were of iron and clay, and broke them in pieces.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image vpon his feete that [were] of yron and clay, and brake them to pieces.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou sawest until a stone was cut out of a mountain without hands, and it smote the image upon its feet of iron and earthenware, and utterly reduced them to powder.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet [that were] of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou sawest 2370
{2370} Prime
חַזָא
chaza'
{khaz-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2372; to gaze upon; mentally to dream, be usual (that is, seem).
1934
{1934} Prime
הַוָא
hava'
{hav-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1933; to exist; used in a great variety of applications (especially in connection with other words).
z8751
<8751> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 72
z8754
<8754> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 231
till 5705
{5705} Prime
עַד
`ad
{ad}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5704.
that x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
a stone 69
{0069} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0068.
was cut out 1505
{1505} Prime
גְּזַר
g@zar
{ghez-ar'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1504; to quarry; determine.
z8728
<8728> Grammar
Stem - Ithpeal (See H8829)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12
without 3809
{3809} Prime
לָא
la'
{law}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3808.
x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
hands, 3028
{3028} Prime
יַד
yad
{yad}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3027.
which smote 4223
{4223} Prime
מחא
m@cha'
{mekh-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4222; to strike in pieces; also to arrest; specifically to impale.
z8754
<8754> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 231
the image 6755
{6755} Prime
צֶלֶם
tselem
{tseh'-lem}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6754; an idolatrous figure.
upon 5922
{5922} Prime
עַל
`al
{al}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5921.
his feet 7271
{7271} Prime
רֶגֶל
r@gal
{reg-al'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7272.
[that were] of x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
iron 6523
{6523} Prime
פַּרְזֶל
parzel
{par-zel'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1270; iron.
and clay, 2635
{2635} Prime
חֲסַף
chacaph
{khas-af'}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to that of H2636; a clod.
and brake y1855
[1855] Standard
דּקק
d@qaq
{dek-ak'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1854; to crumble or (transitively) crush.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
them y1994
[1994] Standard
הִמּוֹ
himmow
{him-mo'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1992; they.
to pieces. 1855
{1855} Prime
דּקק
d@qaq
{dek-ak'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1854; to crumble or (transitively) crush.
z8684
<8684> Grammar
Stem - Aphel (See H8817)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 66
x1994
(1994) Complement
הִמּוֹ
himmow
{him-mo'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1992; they.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 2:34

_ _ stone — Messiah and His kingdom (Genesis 49:24; Psalms 118:22; Isaiah 28:16). In its relations to Israel, it is a “stone of stumbling” (Isaiah 8:14; Acts 4:11; 1 Peter 2:7, 1 Peter 2:8) on which both houses of Israel are broken, not destroyed (Matthew 21:32). In its relation to the Church, the same stone which destroys the image is the foundation of the Church (Ephesians 2:20). In its relation to the Gentile world power, the stone is its destroyer (Daniel 2:35, Daniel 2:44; compare Zechariah 12:3). Christ saith (Matthew 21:44, referring to Isaiah 8:14, Isaiah 8:15), “Whosoever shall fall on this stone (that is, stumble, and be offended, at Him, as the Jews were, from whom, therefore, He says, ‘The kingdom shall be taken’) shall be broken; but (referring to Daniel 2:34, Daniel 2:35) on whomsoever it shall fall (referring to the world power which had been the instrument of breaking the Jews), it will (not merely break, but) grind him to powder” (1 Corinthians 15:24). The falling of the stone of the feet of the image cannot refer to Christ at His first advent, for the fourth kingdom was not then as yet divided — no toes were in existence (see on Daniel 2:44).

_ _ cut out — namely, from “the mountain” (Daniel 2:45); namely, Mount Zion (Isaiah 2:2), and antitypically, the heavenly mount of the Father’s glory, from whom Christ came.

_ _ without hands — explained in Daniel 2:44, “The God of heaven shall set up a kingdom,” as contrasted with the image which was made with hands of man. Messiah not created by human agency, but conceived by the Holy Ghost (Matthew 1:20; Luke 1:35; compare Zechariah 4:6; Mark 14:58; Hebrews 9:11, Hebrews 9:24). So “not made with hands,” that is, heavenly, 2 Corinthians 5:1; spiritual, Colossians 2:11. The world kingdoms were reared by human ambition: but this is the “kingdom of heaven”; “not of this world” (John 18:36). As the fourth kingdom, or Rome, was represented in a twofold state, first strong, with legs of iron, then weak, with toes part of iron, part of clay; so this fifth kingdom, that of Christ, is seen conversely, first insignificant as a “stone,” then as a “mountain” filling the whole earth. The ten toes are the ten lesser kingdoms into which the Roman kingdom was finally to be divided; this tenfold division here hinted at is not specified in detail till the seventh chapter. The fourth empire originally was bounded in Europe pretty nearly by the line of the Rhine and Danube; in Asia by the Euphrates. In Africa it possessed Egypt and the north coasts; South Britain and Dacia were afterwards added but were ultimately resigned. The ten kingdoms do not arise until a deterioration (by mixing clay with the iron) has taken place; they are in existence when Christ comes in glory, and then are broken in pieces. The ten have been sought for in the invading hosts of the fifth and sixth century. But though many provinces were then severed from Rome as independent kingdoms, the dignity of emperor still continued, and the imperial power was exercised over Rome itself for two centuries. So the tenfold divisions cannot be looked for before a.d. 731. But the East is not to be excluded, five toes being on each foot. Thus no point of time before the overthrow of the empire at the taking of Constantinople by the Turks (a.d. 1453) can be assigned for the division. It seems, therefore, that the definite ten will be the ultimate development of the Roman empire just before the rise of Antichrist, who shall overthrow three of the kings, and, after three and a half years, he himself be overthrown by Christ in person. Some of the ten kingdoms will, doubtless, be the same as some past and present divisions of the old Roman empire, which accounts for the continuity of the connection between the toes and legs, a gap of centuries not being interposed, as is objected by opponents of the futurist theory. The lists of the ten made by the latter differ from one another; and they are set aside by the fact that they include countries which were never Roman, and exclude one whole section of the empire, namely, the East [Tregelles].

_ _ upon his feet — the last state of the Roman empire. Not “upon his legs.” Compare “in the days of these kings” (see on Daniel 2:44).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 2:31-45.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a stone:

Daniel 2:44-45 And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, [but] it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever. ... Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream [is] certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.
Daniel 7:13-14 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, [one] like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. ... And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion [is] an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom [that] which shall not be destroyed.
Daniel 7:27 And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom [is] an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.
Psalms 118:22 The stone [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner.
Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner [stone], a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.
Zechariah 12:3 And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.
Matthew 16:18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
Acts 4:11 This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner.
1 Peter 2:7 Unto you therefore which believe [he is] precious: but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner,
Revelation 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become [the kingdoms] of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

was cut:

Daniel 8:25 And through his policy also he shall cause craft to prosper in his hand; and he shall magnify [himself] in his heart, and by peace shall destroy many: he shall also stand up against the Prince of princes; but he shall be broken without hand.
Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This [is] the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.
John 1:13 Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if our earthly house of [this] tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of God, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens.
Hebrews 9:24 For Christ is not entered into the holy places made with hands, [which are] the figures of the true; but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us:

without hands:
or, which was not in hands,
Daniel 2:45 Forasmuch as thou sawest that the stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it brake in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter: and the dream [is] certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.

which:

Psalms 2:8-12 Ask of me, and I shall give [thee] the heathen [for] thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth [for] thy possession. ... Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish [from] the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed [are] all they that put their trust in him.
Psalms 110:5-6 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. ... He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill [the places] with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.
Psalms 149:6-9 [Let] the high [praises] of God [be] in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand; ... To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD.
Isaiah 60:12 For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, [those] nations shall be utterly wasted.
Zechariah 12:3 And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces, though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.
Revelation 17:14 These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him [are] called, and chosen, and faithful.
Revelation 19:11-21 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. ... And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which [sword] proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.
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Ps 2:8; 110:5; 118:22; 149:6. Is 28:16; 60:12. Dn 2:44, 45; 7:13, 27; 8:25. Zc 4:6; 12:3. Mt 16:18. Jn 1:13. Ac 4:11. 2Co 5:1. He 9:24. 1P 2:7. Rv 11:15; 17:14; 19:11.

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