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Daniel 2:32 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— As for this image, its head was of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of brass,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— This image's head [was] of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The head of that statue [was made] of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of bronze,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The head of this image [was] of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— This image's head was of fine gold, its breast and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of brass,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As for this image, its head, was of fine gold, its breast and its arms, were of silver,—its belly and its thighs, of bronze;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— This image! its head [is] of good gold, its breasts and its arms of silver, its belly and its thighs of brass;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The head of this statue was of fine gold, but the breast and the arms of silver, and the belly and the thighs of brass.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— This images head was of fine gold, his breast and his armes of siluer, his belly and his thighes of brasse:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [It was] an image, the head of which was of fine gold, its hands and breast and arms of silver, [its] belly and thighs of brass,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— This image's head [was] of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
This x1932
(1932) Complement
הוּא
huw
{hoo}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1931.
image's 6755
{6755} Prime
צֶלֶם
tselem
{tseh'-lem}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6754; an idolatrous figure.
head 7217
{7217} Prime
ראֵשׁ
re'sh
{raysh}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H7218; the head; figuratively the sum.
[was] of x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
fine 2869
{2869} Prime
טָב
tab
{tawb}
(Chaldee); from H2868; the same as H2896; good.
gold, 1722
{1722} Prime
דְּהַב
d@hab
{deh-hab'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2091; gold.
his breast 2306
{2306} Prime
חֲדִי
chadiy
{khad-ee'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2373; a breast.
and his arms 1872
{1872} Prime
דְּרָע
d@ra`
{der-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2220; an arm.
of x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
silver, 3702
{3702} Prime
כְּסַף
k@caph
{kes-af'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3701.
his belly 4577
{4577} Prime
מְעַה
m@`ah
{meh-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4578; only in plural the bowels.
and his thighs 3410
{3410} Prime
יַרְכָא
yarka'
{yar-kaw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3411; a thigh.
of x1768
(1768) Complement
דִּי
diy
{dee}
(Chaldee); apparently for H1668; that, used as relative, conjugational, and especially (with preposition) in adverbial phrases; also as a preposition of.
brass, 5174
{5174} Prime
נְחָשׁ
n@chash
{nekh-awsh'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5154; copper.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 2:32

_ _ On ancient coins states are often represented by human figures. The head and higher parts signify the earlier times; the lower, the later times. The metals become successively baser and baser, implying the growing degeneracy from worse to worse. Hesiod, two hundred years before Daniel, had compared the four ages to the four metals in the same order; the idea is sanctioned here by Holy Writ. It was perhaps one of those fragments of revelation among the heathen derived from the tradition as to the fall of man. The metals lessen in specific gravity, as they downwards; silver is not so heavy as gold, brass not so heavy as silver, and iron not so heavy as brass, the weight thus being arranged in the reverse of stability [Tregelles]. Nebuchadnezzar derived his authority from God, not from man, nor as responsible to man. But the Persian king was so far dependent on others that he could not deliver Daniel from the princes (Daniel 6:14, Daniel 6:15); contrast Daniel 5:18, Daniel 5:19, as to Nebuchadnezzar’s power from God, “whom he would he slew, and whom he would he kept alive” (compare Ezra 7:14; Esther 1:13-16). Graeco-Macedonia betrays its deterioration in its divisions, not united as Babylon and Persia. Iron is stronger than brass, but inferior in other respects; so Rome hardy and strong to tread down the nations, but less kingly and showing its chief deterioration in its last state. Each successive kingdom incorporates its predecessor (compare Daniel 5:28). Power that in Nebuchadnezzar’s hands was a God-derived (Daniel 2:37, Daniel 2:38) autocracy, in the Persian king’s was a rule resting on his nobility of person and birth, the nobles being his equals in rank, but not in office; in Greece, an aristocracy not of birth, but individual influence, in Rome, lowest of all, dependent entirely on popular choice, the emperor being appointed by popular military election.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 2:31-45.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 2:32

This image's head [was] of fine (q) gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass,

(q) By gold, silver, brass, and iron are meant the Chaldean, Persian, Macedonian, and Roman kingdoms, which would successively rule all the world until Christ (who is here called the stone) himself comes, and destroys the last. And this was to assure the Jews that their affliction would not end with the empire of the Chaldeans, but that they should patiently await the coming of the Messiah, who would be at the end of this fourth monarchy.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
head:

Daniel 2:37-38 Thou, O king, [art] a king of kings: for the God of heaven hath given thee a kingdom, power, and strength, and glory. ... And wheresoever the children of men dwell, the beasts of the field and the fowls of the heaven hath he given into thine hand, and hath made thee ruler over them all. Thou [art] this head of gold.
Daniel 4:22 It [is] thou, O king, that art grown and become strong: for thy greatness is grown, and reacheth unto heaven, and thy dominion to the end of the earth.
Daniel 4:30 The king spake, and said, Is not this great Babylon, that I have built for the house of the kingdom by the might of my power, and for the honour of my majesty?
Daniel 7:4 The first [was] like a lion, and had eagle's wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it.
Isaiah 14:4 That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased!
Jeremiah 51:7 Babylon [hath been] a golden cup in the LORD'S hand, that made all the earth drunken: the nations have drunken of her wine; therefore the nations are mad.
Revelation 17:4 And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication:

breast:

Daniel 2:39 And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.
Daniel 7:5 And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and [it had] three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh.
Daniel 8:3-4 Then I lifted up mine eyes, and saw, and, behold, there stood before the river a ram which had [two] horns: and the [two] horns [were] high; but one [was] higher than the other, and the higher came up last. ... I saw the ram pushing westward, and northward, and southward; so that no beasts might stand before him, neither [was there any] that could deliver out of his hand; but he did according to his will, and became great.
Daniel 11:2 And now will I shew thee the truth. Behold, there shall stand up yet three kings in Persia; and the fourth shall be far richer than [they] all: and by his strength through his riches he shall stir up all against the realm of Grecia.

belly:

Daniel 2:39 And after thee shall arise another kingdom inferior to thee, and another third kingdom of brass, which shall bear rule over all the earth.
Daniel 7:6 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.
Daniel 8:5-8 And as I was considering, behold, an he goat came from the west on the face of the whole earth, and touched not the ground: and the goat [had] a notable horn between his eyes. ... Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.
Daniel 11:3-20 And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will. ... Then shall stand up in his estate a raiser of taxes [in] the glory of the kingdom: but within few days he shall be destroyed, neither in anger, nor in battle.

thighs:
or, sides
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Is 14:4. Jr 51:7. Dn 2:37, 39; 4:22, 30; 7:4, 5, 6; 8:3, 5; 11:2, 3. Rv 17:4.

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