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Daniel 2:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he changeth the times and the seasons; he removeth kings, and setteth up kings; he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that have understanding;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “It is He who changes the times and the epochs; He removes kings and establishes kings; He gives wisdom to wise men And knowledge to men of understanding.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he changeth the times and the seasons; he removeth kings, and setteth up kings; he giveth wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it is he that changeth times and seasons; He deposeth kings, and setteth up kings; He giveth wisdom to the wise, And knowledge to them that know understanding.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, he, changeth times and seasons, removeth kings, and setteth up kings,—giving wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to them who are skilled in understanding:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He is changing times and seasons, He is causing kings to pass away, and He is raising up kings; He is giving wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to those possessing understanding.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he changeth times and ages: taketh away kingdoms, and establisheth them: giveth wisdom to the wise, and knowledge to them that have understanding:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he changeth the times and the seasons: he remoueth Kings, and setteth vp Kings: he giueth wisedome vnto the wise, and knowledge to them that know vnderstanding.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he changes times and seasons: he appoints kings, and removes [them], giving wisdom to the wise, and prudence to them that have understanding:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And he changeth the times and the seasons: he removeth kings, and setteth up kings: he giveth wisdom unto the wise, and knowledge to them that know understanding:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And he x1932
(1932) Complement
הוּא
huw
{hoo}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H1931.
changeth 8133
{8133} Prime
שְׁנַא
sh@na'
{shen-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H8132.
z8683
<8683> Grammar
Stem - Aphel (See H8817)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 28
the times 5732
{5732} Prime
עִדָּן
`iddan
{id-dawn'}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to that of H5708; a set time; technically a year.
and the seasons: 2166
{2166} Prime
זְמַן
z@man
{zem-awn'}
(Chaldee); from H2165; the same as H2165.
he removeth 5709
{5709} Prime
עַדָא
`ada'
{ad-aw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H5710.
z8683
<8683> Grammar
Stem - Aphel (See H8817)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 28
kings, 4430
{4430} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4428; a king.
and setteth up 6966
{6966} Prime
קוּם
quwm
{koom}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H6965.
z8683
<8683> Grammar
Stem - Aphel (See H8817)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 28
kings: 4430
{4430} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4428; a king.
he giveth 3052
{3052} Prime
יְהָב
y@hab
{yeh-hab'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3051.
z8751
<8751> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 72
wisdom 2452
{2452} Prime
חָכְמָה
chokmah
{khok-maw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H2451; wisdom.
unto the wise, 2445
{2445} Prime
חַכִּים
chakkiym
{khak-keem'}
(Chaldee); from a root corresponding to H2449; wise, that is, a Magian.
and knowledge 4486
{4486} Prime
מַנְדַּע
manda`
{man-dah'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H4093; wisdom or intelligence.
to them that know 3046
{3046} Prime
יְדַע
y@da`
{yed-ah'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H3045.
z8751
<8751> Grammar
Stem - Peal (See H8837)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 72
understanding: 999
{0999} Prime
בִּינָה
biynah
{bee-naw'}
(Chaldee); corresponding to H0998.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 2:21

_ _ changeth ... times ... seasons — “He herein gives a general preparatory intimation, that the dream of Nebuchadnezzar is concerning the changes and successions of kingdoms” [Jerome]. The “times” are the phases and periods of duration of empires (compare Daniel 7:25; 1 Chronicles 12:32; 1 Chronicles 29:30); the “seasons” the fitting times for their culmination, decline, and fall (Ecclesiastes 3:1; Acts 1:7; 1 Thessalonians 5:1). The vicissitudes of states, with their times and seasons, are not regulated by chance or fate, as the heathen thought, but by God.

_ _ removed kings — (Job 12:18; Psalms 75:6, Psalms 75:7; Jeremiah 27:5; compare 1 Samuel 2:7, 1 Samuel 2:8).

_ _ giveth wisdom — (1 Kings 3:9-12; James 1:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 2:14-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 2:21

He changeth — God can make the sun go back or stand still, as in Ahaz and Joshua's time, it is the great part of God's power and prerogative to change times. Daniel here attributes that to God, which Heathens attributed to nature, or chance. God only, that made all by his power, doth rule, and over — rule all by his providence.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he changeth:

Daniel 2:9 But if ye will not make known unto me the dream, [there is but] one decree for you: for ye have prepared lying and corrupt words to speak before me, till the time be changed: therefore tell me the dream, and I shall know that ye can shew me the interpretation thereof.
Daniel 7:25 And he shall speak [great] words against the most High, and shall wear out the saints of the most High, and think to change times and laws: and they shall be given into his hand until a time and times and the dividing of time.
Daniel 11:6 And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king's daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in [these] times.
1 Chronicles 29:30 With all his reign and his might, and the times that went over him, and over Israel, and over all the kingdoms of the countries.
Esther 1:13 Then the king said to the wise men, which knew the times, (for so [was] the king's manner toward all that knew law and judgment:
Job 34:24-29 He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead. ... When he giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hideth [his] face, who then can behold him? whether [it be done] against a nation, or against a man only:
Psalms 31:14-15 But I trusted in thee, O LORD: I said, Thou [art] my God. ... My times [are] in thy hand: deliver me from the hand of mine enemies, and from them that persecute me.
Ecclesiastes 3:1-8 To every [thing there is] a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven: ... A time to love, and a time to hate; a time of war, and a time of peace.
Jeremiah 27:5-7 I have made the earth, the man and the beast that [are] upon the ground, by my great power and by my outstretched arm, and have given it unto whom it seemed meet unto me. ... And all nations shall serve him, and his son, and his son's son, until the very time of his land come: and then many nations and great kings shall serve themselves of him.

he removeth:

Daniel 4:17 This matter [is] by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones: to the intent that the living may know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will, and setteth up over it the basest of men.
Daniel 4:32 And they shall drive thee from men, and thy dwelling [shall be] with the beasts of the field: they shall make thee to eat grass as oxen, and seven times shall pass over thee, until thou know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will.
1 Samuel 2:7-8 The LORD maketh poor, and maketh rich: he bringeth low, and lifteth up. ... He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, [and] lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set [them] among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth [are] the LORD'S, and he hath set the world upon them.
Job 12:18 He looseth the bond of kings, and girdeth their loins with a girdle.
Psalms 75:5-6 Lift not up your horn on high: speak [not with] a stiff neck. ... For promotion [cometh] neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south.
Psalms 113:7-8 He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, [and] lifteth the needy out of the dunghill; ... That he may set [him] with princes, [even] with the princes of his people.
Proverbs 8:15-16 By me kings reign, and princes decree justice. ... By me princes rule, and nobles, [even] all the judges of the earth.
Luke 1:51-52 He hath shewed strength with his arm; he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. ... He hath put down the mighty from [their] seats, and exalted them of low degree.
Acts 13:21-22 And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years. ... And when he had removed him, he raised up unto them David to be their king; to whom also he gave testimony, and said, I have found David the [son] of Jesse, a man after mine own heart, which shall fulfil all my will.
Revelation 19:16 And he hath on [his] vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

he giveth:

Exodus 31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,
Exodus 31:6 And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan: and in the hearts of all that are wise hearted I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded thee;
1 Kings 3:8-12 And thy servant [is] in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude. ... Behold, I have done according to thy words: lo, I have given thee a wise and an understanding heart; so that there was none like thee before thee, neither after thee shall any arise like unto thee.
1 Kings 3:28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king: for they saw that the wisdom of God [was] in him, to do judgment.
1 Kings 4:29 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that [is] on the sea shore.
1 Kings 10:24 And all the earth sought to Solomon, to hear his wisdom, which God had put in his heart.
1 Chronicles 22:12 Only the LORD give thee wisdom and understanding, and give thee charge concerning Israel, that thou mayest keep the law of the LORD thy God.
2 Chronicles 1:10-12 Give me now wisdom and knowledge, that I may go out and come in before this people: for who can judge this thy people, [that is so] great? ... Wisdom and knowledge [is] granted unto thee; and I will give thee riches, and wealth, and honour, such as none of the kings have had that [have been] before thee, neither shall there any after thee have the like.
Proverbs 2:6-7 For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth [cometh] knowledge and understanding. ... He layeth up sound wisdom for the righteous: [he is] a buckler to them that walk uprightly.
Luke 21:15 For I will give you a mouth and wisdom, which all your adversaries shall not be able to gainsay nor resist.
1 Corinthians 1:30 But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption:
James 1:5 If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all [men] liberally, and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him.
James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.
James 3:15-17 This wisdom descendeth not from above, but [is] earthly, sensual, devilish. ... But the wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable, gentle, [and] easy to be intreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 31:3, 6. 1S 2:7. 1K 3:8, 28; 4:29; 10:24. 1Ch 22:12; 29:30. 2Ch 1:10. Es 1:13. Jb 12:18; 34:24. Ps 31:14; 75:5; 113:7. Pv 2:6; 8:15. Ec 3:1. Jr 27:5. Dn 2:9; 4:17, 32; 7:25; 11:6. Lk 1:51; 21:15. Ac 13:21. 1Co 1:30. Jm 1:5, 17; 3:15. Rv 19:16.

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