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Daniel 11:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven, but not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion wherewith he ruled; for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others besides these.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But as soon as he has arisen, his kingdom will be broken up and parceled out toward the four points of the compass, though not to his [own] descendants, nor according to his authority which he wielded, for his sovereignty will be uprooted and [given] to others besides them.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided towards the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of the heavens; but not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion wherewith he ruled; for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside these.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— but, when he hath arisen, his kingdom, shall be broken in pieces, and be divided, toward the four winds of the heavens,—but not to his own posterity, nor according to his own authority which he wielded, for his kingdom, shall be uprooted, even for others besides these.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and according to his standing is his kingdom broken, and divided to the four winds of the heavens, and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion that he ruled, for his kingdom is plucked up—and for others apart from these.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when he shall come to his height, his kingdom shall be broken, and it shall be divided towards the four winds of the heaven: but not to his posterity, nor according to his power with which he ruled. For his kingdom shall be rent in pieces, even for strangers, besides these.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when he shall stand vp, his kingdome shall be broken, and shall be diuided toward the foure winds of heauen; and not to his posteritie, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdome shall be pluckt vp, euen for others besides those.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And when his kingdom shall stand up, it shall be broken, and shall be divided to the four winds of heaven; but not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled over: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, and [given] to others beside these.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And when he shall stand up, his kingdom shall be broken, and shall be divided toward the four winds of heaven; and not to his posterity, nor according to his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside those.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And when he shall stand up, 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
his kingdom 4438
{4438} Prime
מַלְכוּת
malkuwth
{mal-kooth'}
From H4427; a rule; concretely a dominion.
shall be broken, 7665
{7665} Prime
שָׁבַר
shabar
{shaw-bar'}
A primitive root; to burst (literally or figuratively).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
and shall be divided 2673
{2673} Prime
חָצָה
chatsah
{khaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root (compare H2686); to cut or split in two; to halve.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
toward the four 702
{0702} Prime
אַרְבַּע
'arba`
{ar-bah'}
The second form is the masculine form; from H7251; four.
winds 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
of heaven; 8064
{8064} Prime
שָׁמַיִם
shamayim
{shaw-mah'-yim}
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
and not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
to his posterity, 319
{0319} Prime
אַחֲרִית
'achariyth
{akh-ar-eeth'}
From H0310; the last or end, hence the future; also posterity.
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
according to his dominion 4915
{4915} Prime
מֹשֶׁל
moshel
{mo'-shel}
(1) from H4910; empire; (2) from H4911; a parallel.
which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he ruled: 4910
{4910} Prime
מָשַׁל
mashal
{maw-shal'}
A primitive root; to rule.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
his kingdom 4438
{4438} Prime
מַלְכוּת
malkuwth
{mal-kooth'}
From H4427; a rule; concretely a dominion.
shall be plucked up, 5428
{5428} Prime
נָתַשׁ
nathash
{naw-thash'}
A primitive root; to tear away.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
even for others 312
{0312} Prime
אַחֵר
'acher
{akh-air'}
From H0309; properly hinder; generally next, other, etc.
beside x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x905
(0905) Complement
בַּד
bad
{bad}
From H0909; properly separation; by implication a part of the body, branch of a tree, bar for carrying; figuratively chief of a city; especially (with prepositional prefix) as adverb, apart, only, besides.
those. x428
(0428) Complement
אֵלֶּה
'el-leh
{ale'-leh}
Prolonged from H0411; these or those.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 11:4

_ _ kingdom ... divided toward ... four winds — the fourfold division of Alexander’s kingdom at his death (Daniel 8:8, Daniel 8:22), after the battle of Ipsus, 301 b.c.

_ _ not to his posterity — (See on Daniel 8:8; see on Daniel 8:22).

_ _ nor according to his dominion — None of his successors had so wide a dominion as Alexander himself.

_ _ others besides those — besides Alexander’s sons, Hercules by Barsine, Darius’ daughter, and Alexander by Roxana, who were both slain [Maurer]. Rather, besides the four successors to the four chief divisions of the empire, there will be other lesser chiefs who shall appropriate smaller fragments of the Macedonian empire [Jerome].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 11:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 11:4

When he shall stand up — When he is come to his highest point. Nor according to his dominion — They did not reign as kings at first, but only as captains; and as to the extent of their dominion, it was far less than Alexander's, yea, all four fell short of his. Even for others — Some lesser commanders shared several parts of the empire.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 11:4

And when he shall stand up, (e) his kingdom shall be broken, (f) and shall be divided toward the (g) four winds of heaven; and not to his (h) posterity, nor according to (i) his dominion which he ruled: for his kingdom shall be plucked up, even for others beside (k) those.

(e) For when his estate was most flourishing, he overcame himself with drink, and so fell into a disease: or as some write, was poisoned by Cassander.

(f) For his twelve chief princes first divided his kingdom among themselves.

(g) After this his monarchy was divided into four: for Seleucus had Syria, Antigonus had Asia minor, Cassander had the kingdom of Macedonia, and Ptolemeus had Egypt.

(h) Thus God avenged Alexander's ambition and cruelty, in causing his posterity to be murdered, partly by their father's chief friends, and partly by one another.

(i) None of these four will be able to be compared to the power of Alexander.

(k) That is, his posterity having no part of it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he shall stand:

Job 20:5-7 That the triumphing of the wicked [is] short, and the joy of the hypocrite [but] for a moment? ... [Yet] he shall perish for ever like his own dung: they which have seen him shall say, Where [is] he?
Psalms 37:35-36 I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree. ... Yet he passed away, and, lo, he [was] not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found.
Psalms 49:6-12 They that trust in their wealth, and boast themselves in the multitude of their riches; ... Nevertheless man [being] in honour abideth not: he is like the beasts [that] perish.
Psalms 73:17-20 Until I went into the sanctuary of God; [then] understood I their end. ... As a dream when [one] awaketh; [so], O Lord, when thou awakest, thou shalt despise their image.
Luke 12:20 But God said unto him, [Thou] fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?

and shall be:

Daniel 7:6 After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.
Daniel 8:8 Therefore the he goat waxed very great: and when he was strong, the great horn was broken; and for it came up four notable ones toward the four winds of heaven.
Daniel 8:22 Now that being broken, whereas four stood up for it, four kingdoms shall stand up out of the nation, but not in his power.
Psalms 39:6 Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up [riches], and knoweth not who shall gather them.
Ecclesiastes 2:18-19 Yea, I hated all my labour which I had taken under the sun: because I should leave it unto the man that shall be after me. ... And who knoweth whether he shall be a wise [man] or a fool? yet shall he have rule over all my labour wherein I have laboured, and wherein I have shewed myself wise under the sun. This [is] also vanity.
Ecclesiastes 4:8 There is one [alone], and [there is] not a second; yea, he hath neither child nor brother: yet [is there] no end of all his labour; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither [saith he], For whom do I labour, and bereave my soul of good? This [is] also vanity, yea, it [is] a sore travail.
Matthew 12:25 And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand:

be plucked:

Daniel 7:8 I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn [were] eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things.
Jeremiah 12:15 And it shall come to pass, after that I have plucked them out I will return, and have compassion on them, and will bring them again, every man to his heritage, and every man to his land.
Jeremiah 12:17 But if they will not obey, I will utterly pluck up and destroy that nation, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 18:7 [At what] instant I shall speak concerning a nation, and concerning a kingdom, to pluck up, and to pull down, and to destroy [it];
Jeremiah 31:40 And the whole valley of the dead bodies, and of the ashes, and all the fields unto the brook of Kidron, unto the corner of the horse gate toward the east, [shall be] holy unto the LORD; it shall not be plucked up, nor thrown down any more for ever.
Jeremiah 45:4 Thus shalt thou say unto him, The LORD saith thus; Behold, [that] which I have built will I break down, and that which I have planted I will pluck up, even this whole land.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 20:5. Ps 37:35; 39:6; 49:6; 73:17. Ec 2:18; 4:8. Jr 12:15, 17; 18:7; 31:40; 45:4. Dn 7:6, 8; 8:8, 22. Mt 12:25. Lk 12:20.

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