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Daniel 11:39 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he shall deal with the strongest fortresses by the help of a foreign god: whosoever acknowledgeth [him] he will increase with glory; and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for a price.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge [and] increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He will take action against the strongest of fortresses with [the help of] a foreign god; he will give great honor to those who acknowledge [him] and will cause them to rule over the many, and will parcel out land for a price.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge [and] increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he will practise in the strongholds of fortresses with a strange +god: whoso acknowledgeth him will he increase with glory; and he shall cause them to rule over the many, and shall divide the land [to them] for a reward.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he will prepare, for the strongholds of the fortress of the sea, the people of an alien god, whom he will acknowledge—will greatly honour,—and will give them authority over the many, and, the soil, will he apportion for a price.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he hath dealt in the fortresses of the strongholds with a strange god whom he hath acknowledged; he multiplieth honour, and hath caused them to rule over many, and the ground he apportioneth at a price.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he shall do this to fortify Maozim with a strange god, whom he hath acknowledged, and he shall increase glory, and shall give them power over many, and shall divide the land gratis.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thus shall hee doe in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge [and] increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule ouer many, and shall diuide the land for gaine.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he shall do [thus] in the strong places of refuge with a strange god, and shall increase his glory: and he shall subject many to them, and shall distribute the land in gifts.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange eloah, whom he shall acknowledge [and] increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thus shall he do 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in the most strong y4581
[4581] Standard
מָעוֹז
ma`owz
{maw-oze'}
From H5810; a fortified place; figuratively a defence.
holds 4013
{4013} Prime
מִבְצָר
mibtsar
{mib-tsawr'}
From H1219; a fortification, castle, or fortified city; figuratively a defender.
x4581
(4581) Complement
מָעוֹז
ma`owz
{maw-oze'}
From H5810; a fortified place; figuratively a defence.
with x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
a strange 5236
{5236} Prime
נֵכָר
nekar
{nay-kawr'}
From H5234; foreign, or (concretely) a foreigner, or (abstractly) heathendom.
lh אֱלוֹהַ, 433
{0433} Prime
אֱלוֹהַּ
'elowahh
{el-o'-ah}
(The second form is rare); probably prolonged (emphatically) from H0410; a deity or the deity.
whom x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
he shall acknowledge 5234
{5234} Prime
נָכַר
nakar
{naw-kar'}
A primitive root; properly to scrutinize, that is, look intently at; hence (with recognition implied), to acknowledge, be acquainted with, care for, respect, revere, or (with suspicion implied), to disregard, ignore, be strange toward, reject, resign, dissimulate (as if ignorant or disowning).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
[and] increase 7235
{7235} Prime
רָבָה
rabah
{raw-baw'}
A primitive root; to increase (in whatever respect).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
with glory: 3519
{3519} Prime
כָּבוֹד
kabowd
{kaw-bode'}
From H3513; properly weight; but only figuratively in a good sense, splendor or copiousness.
and he shall cause them to rule 4910
{4910} Prime
מָשַׁל
mashal
{maw-shal'}
A primitive root; to rule.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
over many, 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
and shall divide 2505
{2505} Prime
חָלַק
chalaq
{khaw-lak'}
A primitive root; to be smooth (figuratively); by implication (as smooth stones were used for lots) to apportion or separate.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
the land 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
for gain. 4242
{4242} Prime
מְחִיר
m@chiyr
{mekk-eer'}
From an unused root meaning to buy; price, payment, wages.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 11:39

_ _ Newton translates, “to be defenders of Mahuzzim (the monks and priests who uphold saint worship), together with the strange god whom he shall acknowledge, he shall multiply honor.” English Version is better: He shall do (exploits) in the most strongholds (that is, shall succeed against them) with a strange god (under the auspices of a god which he worshipped not before, namely, Jupiter Capitolinus, whose worship he imported into his empire from Rome). Antiochus succeeded against Jerusalem, Sidon, Pelusium, Memphis.

_ _ cause them — Antiochus “caused” his followers and the apostates “to rule over many” Jews, having “divided their land” (Judea), “for gain” (that is, as a reward for their compliance).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 11:21-45.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 11:39

With a strange god — Using all art and authority to propagate his worship.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 11:39

Thus shall he do in (a) the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge [and] increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.

(a) Even though in their hearts they had no religion, yet they did acknowledge the gods, and worshipped them in their temples, lest they should have been despised as atheists. But this was to increase their fame and riches, and when they gained any country, they made others the rulers of it in such a way that the profit always came to the Romans.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
most strong holds:
Heb. fortresses of munitions

gain:
Heb. a price.
Revelation 18:9-13 And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning, ... And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men.
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