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Daniel 11:33 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they that are wise among the people shall instruct many; yet they shall fall by the sword and by flame, by captivity and by spoil, [many] days.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, [many] days.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Those who have insight among the people will give understanding to the many; yet they will fall by sword and by flame, by captivity and by plunder for [many] days.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, [many] days.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they that are wise among the people shall instruct the many; and they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, [many] days.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, they who make the people wise, will impart understanding to the many,—yet shall they be brought low, by sword and by flame, by captivity and by prey, for some days;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the teachers of the people give understanding to many; and they have stumbled by sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil—days.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they that are learned among the people shall teach many: and they shall fall by the sword, and by fire, and by captivity, and by spoil for many days.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they that vnderstand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captiuitie, and by spoile [many] dayes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And the intelligent of the people shall understand much: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, and by captivity, and by spoil of [many] days.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, [many] days.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And they that understand 7919
{7919} Prime
שָׂכַל
sakal
{saw-kal'}
A primitive root; to be (causeatively make or act) circumspect and hence intelligent.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
among the people 5971
{5971} Prime
עַם
`am
{am}
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
shall instruct 995
{0995} Prime
בִּין
biyn
{bene}
A primitive root; to separate mentally (or distinguish), that is, (generally) understand.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
many: 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
yet they shall fall 3782
{3782} Prime
כָּשַׁל
kashal
{kaw-shal'}
A primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication to falter, stumble, faint or fall.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
by the sword, 2719
{2719} Prime
חֶרֶב
chereb
{kheh'-reb}
From H2717; drought; also a cutting instrument (from its destructive effect), as a knife, sword, or other sharp implement.
and by flame, 3852
{3852} Prime
לֶהָבָה
lehabah
{leh-aw-baw'}
Feminine of H3851, and meaning the same.
by captivity, 7628
{7628} Prime
שְׁבִי
sh@biy
{sheb-ee'}
From H7618; exiled; captured; as noun, exile (abstractly or concretely and collectively); by extension booty.
and by spoil, 961
{0961} Prime
בִּזָּה
bizzah
{biz-zaw'}
Feminine of H0957; booty.
[many] days. 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 11:33

_ _ they that understand — who know and keep the truth of God (Isaiah 11:2).

_ _ instruct many — in their duty to God and the law, not to apostatize.

_ _ yet they shall fall — as Eleazar (2 Maccabees 6:18, etc.). They shall be sorely persecuted, even to death (Hebrews 11:35, Hebrews 11:36, Hebrews 11:37; 2 Maccabees 6, 7). Their enemies took advantage of the Sabbath to slay them on the day when they would not fight. Tregelles thinks, from comparison with Daniel 11:35, it is the people who “fall,” not those of understanding. But Daniel 11:35 makes the latter “fall,” not an unmeaning repetition; in Daniel 11:33 they fall (die) by persecution; in Daniel 11:35 they fall (spiritually) for a time by their own weakness.

_ _ flame — in caves, whither they had retired to keep the Sabbath. Antiochus caused some to be roasted alive (2 Maccabees 7:3-5).

_ _ many days — rather, “certain days,” as in Daniel 8:27. Josephus [Antiquities, 12:7.6, 7] tells us the persecution lasted for three years (1 Maccabees 1:59; 4:54; 2 Maccabees 10:1-7).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 11:21-45.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 11:33

And they that understand among the (n) people shall instruct many: (o) yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, [many] days.

(n) Those that remain constant among the people will teach others by their example, and edify many in the true religion.

(o) By which he exhorts the godly to constancy, even though they should perish a thousand times, and even though their miseries endure ever so long.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
understand:

Daniel 12:3-4 And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever. ... But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, [even] to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.
Daniel 12:10 Many shall be purified, and made white, and tried; but the wicked shall do wickedly: and none of the wicked shall understand; but the wise shall understand.
Isaiah 32:3-4 And the eyes of them that see shall not be dim, and the ears of them that hear shall hearken. ... The heart also of the rash shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be ready to speak plainly.
Zechariah 8:20-23 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; [It shall] yet [come to pass], that there shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities: ... Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days [it shall come to pass], that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard [that] God [is] with you.
Malachi 2:7 For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he [is] the messenger of the LORD of hosts.
Matthew 13:11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given.
Matthew 13:51-52 Jesus saith unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord. ... Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe [which is] instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man [that is] an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure [things] new and old.
Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, [even] unto the end of the world. Amen.
Luke 24:44-47 And he said unto them, These [are] the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and [in] the prophets, and [in] the psalms, concerning me. ... And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
Acts 4:2-4 Being grieved that they taught the people, and preached through Jesus the resurrection from the dead. ... Howbeit many of them which heard the word believed; and the number of the men was about five thousand.
Acts 11:26 And when he had found him, he brought him unto Antioch. And it came to pass, that a whole year they assembled themselves with the church, and taught much people. And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch.
Acts 14:21 And when they had preached the gospel to that city, and had taught many, they returned again to Lystra, and [to] Iconium, and Antioch,
2 Timothy 2:24-25 And the servant of the Lord must not strive; but be gentle unto all [men], apt to teach, patient, ... In meekness instructing those that oppose themselves; if God peradventure will give them repentance to the acknowledging of the truth;

yet:

Matthew 10:21 And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against [their] parents, and cause them to be put to death.
Matthew 20:23 And he saith unto them, Ye shall drink indeed of my cup, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with: but to sit on my right hand, and on my left, is not mine to give, but [it shall be given to them] for whom it is prepared of my Father.
Matthew 24:9 Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake.
John 16:2 They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service.
Acts 12:2-3 And he killed James the brother of John with the sword. ... And because he saw it pleased the Jews, he proceeded further to take Peter also. (Then were the days of unleavened bread.)
1 Corinthians 4:9 For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men.
2 Timothy 1:12 For the which cause I also suffer these things: nevertheless I am not ashamed: for I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that he is able to keep that which I have committed unto him against that day.
2 Timothy 4:6 For I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand.
Hebrews 11:34 Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight, turned to flight the armies of the aliens.
Revelation 1:9 I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.
Revelation 2:13 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, [even] where Satan's seat [is]: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas [was] my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.
Revelation 6:9 And when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held:
Revelation 7:14 And I said unto him, Sir, thou knowest. And he said to me, These are they which came out of great tribulation, and have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
Revelation 13:7-10 And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. ... He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.
Revelation 17:6 And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 32:3. Dn 12:3, 10. Zc 8:20. Mal 2:7. Mt 10:21; 13:11, 51; 20:23; 24:9; 28:20. Lk 24:44. Jn 16:2. Ac 4:2; 11:26; 12:2; 14:21. 1Co 4:9. 2Ti 1:12; 2:24; 4:6. He 11:34. Rv 1:9; 2:13; 6:9; 7:14; 13:7; 17:6.

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