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Daniel 11:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And forces shall stand on his part, and they shall profane the sanctuary, even the fortress, and shall take away the continual [burnt-offering], and they shall set up the abomination that maketh desolate.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And forces shall stand on his part, and they shall profane the sanctuary, the fortress, and shall take away the continual [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, arms, from him, will arise,—and will profane the sanctuary, the fortress, and will set aside the continual [ascending-sacrifice], and place the horrid abomination that astoundeth.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And strong ones out of him stand up, and have polluted the sanctuary, the stronghold, and have turned aside the continual [sacrifice], and appointed the desolating abomination.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall defile the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the continual sacrifice: and they shall place there the abomination unto desolation.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And armes shal stand on his part, and they shall pollute the Sanctuarie of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shal place the abomination that maketh desolate.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And seeds shall spring up out of him, and they shall profane the sanctuary of strength, and they shall remove the perpetual [sacrifice], and make the abomination desolate.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And arms shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And arms 2220
{2220} Prime
זְרוֹעַ
z@rowa`
{zer-o'-ah}
From H2232; the arm (as stretched out), or (of animals) the foreleg; figuratively force.
shall stand 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
on his part, x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
and they shall pollute 2490
{2490} Prime
חָלַל
chalal
{khaw-lal'}
A primitive root (compare H2470); properly to bore, that is, (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one's word), to begin (as if by an opening-wedge); denominatively (from H2485) to play (the flute).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the sanctuary 4720
{4720} Prime
מִקְדָּשׁ
miqdash
{mik-dawsh'}
From H6942; a consecrated thing or place, especially a palace, sanctuary (whether of Jehovah or of idols) or asylum.
of strength, 4581
{4581} Prime
מָעוֹז
ma`owz
{maw-oze'}
From H5810; a fortified place; figuratively a defence.
and shall take away 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
the daily 8548
{8548} Prime
תָּמִיד
tamiyd
{taw-meed'}
From an unused root meaning to stretch; properly continuance (as indefinite extension); but used only (attributively as adjective) constant (or adverbially constantly); elliptically the regular (daily) sacrifice.
[sacrifice], and they shall place 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the abomination 8251
{8251} Prime
שִׁקּוּץ
shiqquwts
{shik-koots'}
From H8262; disgusting, that is, filthy; especially idolatrous or (concretely) an idol.
that maketh desolate. 8074
{8074} Prime
שָׁמֵם
shamem
{shaw-mame'}
A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively grow numb), that is, devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense).
z8789
<8789> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 51
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Daniel 11:31

_ _ arms — namely, of the human body; not weapons; human forces.

_ _ they — Antiochus’ hosts confederate with the apostate Israelites; these latter attain the climax of guilt, when they not only, as before, “forsake the covenant” (Daniel 11:30), but “do wickedly against” it (Daniel 11:32), turning complete heathens. Here Antiochus’ actings are described in language which reach beyond him the type to Antichrist the antitype [Jerome] (just as in Psalms 72:1-20 many things are said of Solomon the type, which are only applicable to Christ the Antitype); including perhaps Rome, Mohammed, and the final personal Antichrist. Sir Isaac Newton refers the rest of the chapter from this verse to the Romans, translating, “after him arms (that is, the Romans) shall stand up”; at the very time that Antiochus left Egypt, the Romans conquered Macedon, thus finishing the reign of Daniel’s third beast; so here the prophet naturally proceeds to the fourth beast. Jerome’s view is simpler; for the narrative seems to continue the history of Antiochus, though with features only in type applicable to him, fully to Antichrist.

_ _ sanctuary of strength — not only naturally a place of strength, whence it held out to the last against the besiegers, but chiefly the spiritual stronghold of the covenant-people (Psalms 48:1-3, Psalms 48:12-14). Apollonius “polluted” it with altars to idols and sacrifices of swine’s flesh, after having “taken away the daily sacrifice” (see on Daniel 8:11).

_ _ place ... abomination that maketh desolate — that is, that pollutes the temple (Daniel 8:12, Daniel 8:13). Or rather, “the abomination of the desolater,” Antiochus Epiphanes (1 Maccabees 1:29, 37-49). Compare Daniel 9:27, wherein the antitypical desolating abomination of Rome (the eagle standard, the bird of Jupiter, sacrificed to by Titus’ soldiers within the sacred precincts, at the destruction of Jerusalem), of Mohammed and of the final Antichrist, is foretold. 1 Maccabees 1:54, uses the very phrase, “the fifteenth day of the month Casleu, in the hundred forty-fifth year, they set up the abomination of desolation on the altar”; namely, an idol-altar and image of Jupiter Olympius, erected upon Jehovah’s altar of burnt offerings. “Abomination” is the common name for an idol in the Old Testament. The Roman emperor Adrian’s erection of a temple to Jupiter Capitolinus where the temple of God had stood, a.d. 132; also the erection of the Mohammedan mosque of Omar in the same place (it is striking, Mohammedanism began to prevail in a.d. 610, only about three years of the time when Popery assumed the temporal power); and the idolatry of the Church of Rome in the spiritual temple, and the final blasphemy of the personal Antichrist in the literal temple (2 Thessalonians 2:4) may all be antitypically referred to here under Antiochus the type, and the Old Testament Antichrist.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Daniel 11:21-45.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Daniel 11:31

And arms — Not only of his own army, but many Jews. The sanctuary — Even the holy of holies. The abomination — The statue of Jupiter placed in the temple.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Daniel 11:31

And arms (k) shall stand on his part, and they shall pollute the sanctuary (l) of strength, and shall take away the daily [sacrifice], and they shall place the abomination that maketh desolate.

(k) A great faction of the wicked Jews will join with Antiochus.

(l) So called because the power of God was not at all diminished, even though this tyrant set up in the temple the image of Jupiter Olympius, and so began to corrupt the pure service of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
arms:

Daniel 8:24 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practise, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.
Revelation 17:12 And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast.

they shall pollute:

Daniel 8:11 Yea, he magnified [himself] even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily [sacrifice] was taken away, and the place of his sanctuary was cast down.
Daniel 12:11 And from the time [that] the daily [sacrifice] shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, [there shall be] a thousand two hundred and ninety days.
Lamentations 1:10 The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her pleasant things: for she hath seen [that] the heathen entered into her sanctuary, whom thou didst command [that] they should not enter into thy congregation.
Lamentations 2:7 The Lord hath cast off his altar, he hath abhorred his sanctuary, he hath given up into the hand of the enemy the walls of her palaces; they have made a noise in the house of the LORD, as in the day of a solemn feast.
Ezekiel 7:20-21 As for the beauty of his ornament, he set it in majesty: but they made the images of their abominations [and] of their detestable things therein: therefore have I set it far from them. ... And I will give it into the hands of the strangers for a prey, and to the wicked of the earth for a spoil; and they shall pollute it.
Ezekiel 9:7 And he said unto them, Defile the house, and fill the courts with the slain: go ye forth. And they went forth, and slew in the city.
Ezekiel 24:21-22 Speak unto the house of Israel, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will profane my sanctuary, the excellency of your strength, the desire of your eyes, and that which your soul pitieth; and your sons and your daughters whom ye have left shall fall by the sword. ... And ye shall do as I have done: ye shall not cover [your] lips, nor eat the bread of men.

shall take:

Daniel 8:12-13 And an host was given [him] against the daily [sacrifice] by reason of transgression, and it cast down the truth to the ground; and it practised, and prospered. ... Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain [saint] which spake, How long [shall be] the vision [concerning] the daily [sacrifice], and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?
Daniel 8:26 And the vision of the evening and the morning which was told [is] true: wherefore shut thou up the vision; for it [shall be] for many days.
Daniel 9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.

the abomination:

Daniel 8:13 Then I heard one saint speaking, and another saint said unto that certain [saint] which spake, How long [shall be] the vision [concerning] the daily [sacrifice], and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?
Daniel 9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Daniel 12:11 And from the time [that] the daily [sacrifice] shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, [there shall be] a thousand two hundred and ninety days.
Matthew 24:15 When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)
Mark 13:14 But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains:
Luke 21:20 And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.

maketh desolate:
or, astonisheth,
Acts 13:40-41 Beware therefore, lest that come upon you, which is spoken of in the prophets; ... Behold, ye despisers, and wonder, and perish: for I work a work in your days, a work which ye shall in no wise believe, though a man declare it unto you.
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Lm 1:10; 2:7. Ezk 7:20; 9:7; 24:21. Dn 8:11, 12, 13, 24, 26; 9:27; 12:11. Mt 24:15. Mk 13:14. Lk 21:20. Ac 13:40. Rv 17:12.

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